The Badges, History, Uniforms and Nominal Rolls of the King's Colonials, King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse

A guide to determining genuine badges

Introduction & Acknowledgements


Introduction & Acknowledgements
The King’s Colonials (KC) were a unique yeomanry Regiment in the British Army in the opening years of the 20th century. Although formed in the final stages of the Boer War, the Regiment itself did not see service there although a number of its individual members did. The King's Colonials were comprised of Colonial volunteers resident in Britain initially from those living in London but in time extending to Cambridge, Oxford and Liverpool. A combination of colourful characters, rich and flamboyant uniforms, iconic badges proudly reflecting Dominion heritages and Royal patronage ensured that the King’s Colonials became a much talked about Regiment. The King’s Colonials bore a number of distinctions and among them that they were the only Colonial unit administered from Whitehall.  

Re-named in 1910 as the King Edward’s Horse (King’s Overseas Dominions Regiment) (KEH/KODR) the Regiment went on to see active service in the Great War. Service in the King Edward's Horse proved to be a highly-regarded training ground for future Officers. Some 550 men were transferred from the King Edward’s Horse to become Officers in other units. The men of the King Edward's Horse were discharged to the Reserve upon their return to England in 1919 and were never re-embodied with the Regiment being disbanded in 1924.

Much of the time in the Great War, the King Edward’s Horse were kept in reserve waiting for breakthroughs in the line which rarely if ever occurred. They spent much of their time foraging for themselves and their horses and delivering messages. The infantry took their abbreviated title of ‘KEH KODR’ and jeeringly called them the ‘King’s Own Despatch Riders’.

The truth is that the King Edward’s Horse had an exemplary wartime service record. During the war the Regiment lost ten Officers, two Staff Serjeants (Sergeants) and 69 Other Ranks (Private is used but Trooper is often used in different sources) killed in action (KIA), died of wounds (DOW) or died on service. They were awarded four Distinguished Service Orders, one with bar; eleven Military Crosses, one with bar; ten Distinguished Conduct Medals, one with bar; five Meritorious Service Medals and twenty-five Military Medals plus a number of Foreign service awards and Mentioned in Despatches.

The 2nd King Edward’s Horse (2KEH) have nothing more than a namesake as a link to the King Edward's Horse (1st). They too have a proud history of service including having fought as dismounted troops in France. I am currently collating information regarding their gallantry medal entitlements as part of compiling their Nominal Roll. This includes a Private of the 2KEH, John Sherwood-Kelly, a South African with considerable Colonial military service passed through their ranks albeit briefly before being commissioned into the Norfolk Regiment. He went on to command the 1st Battalion, The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 20 November 1917, during the Battle of Cambrai.

The King’s Colonials/King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse represent a tremendous topic for research. The badges of these Regiments in particular make a fascinating study. This was my initial interest in the Regiments which grew over time to a fuller appreciation of their uniforms, service history and place in history.

I am currently adding additional information about individuals who served in the King's Colonials from the Regimental history and other sources. This information constitutes a comprehensive King Edward's Horse Nominal Roll with medal entitlements from the Medal Index Cards together with photographs of individuals, gravestones and medals. Service medals to the King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse are both named as K.Edw.H. which causes considerable confusion. Hopefully the Nominal Rolls I have compiled on this website will aid in the identification of the actual Regiment a medal recipient served in. Names and biographical details are recorded in italics were Killed in Action (KIA) or Died of Wounds (DoW). Those that appear in bold are where there is an accompanying photograph. I am using multiple sources of information for the Nominal Rolls including 'ANGLO-ARGENTINE RAILWAYMEN WHO SERVED IN THE GREAT WAR, 1914 - 1918', Caribbean Roll of Honour, Cambridge and Oxford University Memorials, schools and colleges, Ancestry, Robert Bicker's SS Suwa Maru Shanghai Contingent list, the Australian War Memorial records and those of the Auckland Online Cenotaph. The Nominal Rolls are being regularly updated and information and photographs of any members of the King's Colonials/King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse is welcomed via the Contact page. Full acknowledgement will be given.

There are many myths, mistruths and misunderstandings regarding the history, uniforms and badges of the King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward’s Horse. Their headdress badges have been heavily copied and I have set out to try and advise the reader as to how best to distinguish an original headdress badge from a copy. In attempting to do so I have purposely chosen not to disclose certain characteristics and images of badges which I believe would help copiers of badges "improve their game".

As this website is intended for research purposes only I have included several images from websites where I have been unable to make contact with the owner and apologise in advance should the owner not wish the image to be used. I would hope to hear from them and seek their permission to support this project. All images without a specific attribution are from my own collection. The hyperlinks are embedded in the text in blue to allow the original source and additional information to be accessed.

Contemporary photographs provide a unique insight into the uniforms and badges of the King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward’s Horse and the manner in which they were worn.  A friend and major collaborator on this project whom I met on the Great War Forum, Darren O’Brien was very fortunate to have acquired a collection of photographs with annotations of the King’s Colonials by R. J. (Bob) Smith who made a detailed study of the uniforms of the British yeomanry regiments. The access to these photographs and notes was a turning point in being able to more critically detail the uniform and badges of the King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse. This material was supplemented through the purchase of a photograph album of the King’s Colonials on annual camp in the period 1902-04. I am indebted to Simon Jervis for sourcing it.

I am deeply grateful to several friends and acquaintances who have generously provided copies of photographs, measurements and notes on the badges, buttons and uniforms of the King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward’s Horse.  My thanks to an unnamed Sydney collector, Robert Andrews, Del Badiuk, Ian Baker, Gardner Bell, Mike Bekkett, Pat Birley, John Burridge, Timothy Connolly, Steve Bosley, Iain Davidson, Michael T. Finchen, Rod Flood, Phil Garland, Luke Halls, Simon Jervis, David Knight, Paul Liddell, Rob Miller, Jon Mills, Ray Mitchell, Griff Morgan-Jones, Geoff Newman, the late David Oldham, Laurie Osborne, the late Peter Parodi, Alex Rice, Paul Spellman, James Stevenson, David Stewart, Victor Taboika, Pierre Vandervelden and Garry White.  Many of these friends I have met through the British & Commonwealth Military Badge Forum which is an invaluable resource for any badge collector.  

I would like to thank and pay tribute to the following descendants and biographers of those who served in the King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward’s Horse. They have all identified individuals in photographs and have generously assisted in providing biographical details, stories and additional photographs. Owen Dobson has generously provided biographical details for a number of those who served in these Regiments. Owen's biographical narrative of Private Osborne Lean, 1704, 2nd King Edward's Horse I have included in full in the Nominal Roll section of this website. It is the most detailed account of service life in these Regiments that I have come across. Many thanks Owen. 

Captain Frank Vans Agnew MC, 1112, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Jamie Vans (Great nephew and biographer).

Lieutenant Hugh James Aitchison MID, King Edward's Horse - Debra Brock (Granddaughter). 

Bandmaster Peter Anderson' King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse - Philip Mayer, Fusiliers Museum (Biographer).

Private Andrew (Kaid) Belton, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Squadron Leader Howard Toon (Biographer).

Second Lieutenant Walter Bolus, 1481, King Edward's Horse - Walter Stevens (Grandson). 

Private John (Jack) Ryther Steer Bowker, 8, King Edward's Horse - Robin Hyland (Biographer).

Captain William Ernest Horatio Bradburn, King Edward's Horse - Diane Moss (Biographer).

Private Keith Cooper Brockman, 1316, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Owen Dobson (Biographer). 

Acting Serjeant Charles William Brownell, 1344, King Edward’s Horse - Owen Dobson (Biographer).

Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant John Eayre Kellman Bynoe, 1, King Edward's Horse - Michael Chalk (Relative).

Private Alfred Capper, 433, King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse - Robert Cruickshank (Grandson).

Second Lieutenant Leonard Arthur Carey, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Trevor Harkin (Biographer).

Serjeant Edwin (Ted) C. Cowley, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Bob Hakewill (Local historian).

Lance Corporal Eric H. Cowan, 393, King Edward's Horse - Richard Daglish (Biographer). 

Private Reginald John Daws, 595, King Edward's Horse - Nick Daws (Grandson).

Private Edward Feron Devine, 1128, King Edward's Horse - Giles F. Russell (Descendant).

Major Sir Ralph Dolignon Furse MC and bar, King Edward's Horse - Frances Whistler (Grandson). 

Lieutenant William Eric Gilbert MC, 980, King Edward's Horse - Robin Martin and Sean Wright (Great Grandson).

Private Charles (Charlie) Ernest Hakewill, 1553, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Bob Hakewill (Grandson and local historian).

Serjeant Sydney Bywater Harris, King Edward's Horse - Carole McEntee-Taylor (Biographer).

Private William Hannen Hunn, King Edward's Horse - Richard Hannen-Williams (Descendant).

Colonel Lionel James CBE DSO, King Edward's Horse - Michael James (Grandson).

Private Carl Edward Jessop, 600, King Edward's Horse - Carl Hopkins (Great grandson).

Corporal Romer Frank Johnstone, 1316, King Edward's Horse - Helen Pollock (Niece).

Private Robert Philip Johnstone OBE, 1312, King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse - Helen Pollock (Niece).

Private Frank W. Jones, 926, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Bob Hakewill (Local historian).

Private Wilfred Sidney Knox, 1826, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Paul Sandford (Descendant).

Private Harold (Harry) Dudley Knox, 1827, 2nd King Edward's Horse, DoW - Paul Sandford (Descendant).

Private John Arthur Lange, 1352, King Edward's Horse - Jon Farmer (Military historian).

Private Osborne Lean, 1704, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Owen Dobson (Biographer).

Private Jack Fraser Mitchell MM, 1338, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Ray Mitchell (Grandson and biographer).

Private William Morris MM, 1506, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Owen Dobson (Biographer).

Lance Corporal Charles Francis O'Donnell, 1587, 2nd King Edward's Horse - (Gerry Rogers - Descendant). 

Lieutenant Colonel George Gray Russell DSO, King Edward's Horse - Natalie Wilson (Biographer).

Lance Corporal Patrick Ryan, 1530, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Marie Cooper (Grand daughter).

Regimental Quarter Master Serjeant Frederick Willet Skepelhorn, 388, King Edward's Horse - Jenny Willis (Great grand daughter). 

Corporal John (Jack) Francis Stewart. 1376. King Edward's Horse - Derek Wignall (Descendant).

Private Robert (Albert) Swinfen, 905, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Bob Hakewill (Local historian).

Private Thomas (Tom) Tibbits, 911, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Bob Hakewill (Local historian).

Private William (Billy) Jack West, 811, 2nd King Edward's Horse - Bob Hakewill (Local historian).

Peter Nemaric deserves special thanks for sharing several excellent photographs of the King’s Colonials and King Edwards Horse. Peter created and manages the King Edward’s Horse website and I am deeply indebted to him for allowing them to be used and hope that the information on my website compliment the years of meticulous research he has invested in the King Edward's Horse.

My thanks go to the exhaustive research made available to me by Richard Breislin of www.blackthorn-antiques.com on the swords of the King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse. This invaluable information is detailed against his photograph of a British 1899 Pattern Cavalry Trooper’s Sword, King Edward's Horse in Figure 132 and under the Kings Colonials (KC) Officer's Full Dress Uniform 1901-04 section of this website.

I would also like to especially thank Carole McEntee-Taylor for her permission to use the photographs of Sydney Harris from her excellent biography of this remarkable man (From Colonial Warrior to Western Front Flyer: The Five Wars of Sydney Herbert Bywater Harris. London: Pen and Sword, 2015). Similarly I would like to sincerely thank Jamie Vans, great nephew of Captain Frank Vans Agnew, MC for his permission to use photographs and the vivid biography published as "Veteran Volunteer: Memoirs of the Trenches, Tanks & Captivity 1914-1918". London: Pen and Sword, 2014.

Since this website went live an article by Keith Hook and David Knight entitled ‘The Badges, Titles and Buttons of King Edward’s Horse’ was published in the Journal of the Military Historical Society. 251:70-78, 2018. This excellent article contains a number of additional pieces of information regarding the badges and uniforms of the King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse which I now reference on my site. I am appreciative of their efforts to document their research and subsequent correspondence with Keith and David has yielded a significant amount of fresh information and photographs regarding their badges, uniforms and history.  Many of the King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse badges featured on this website came from Keith's original collection. Photographs of these badges were used by Arthur L. Kipling and Hugh L. King in their treatise 'Head-dress Badges of the British Army 1800-1918: v.1'.  My eternal thanks to Keith.

My heartfelt thanks go to my brother Stephen for his extensive and patient proof-reading, and encouragement. The badge photography was a considerable challenge. I would like to especially thank my father-in-law Michael for all his experimentation and technical tuition to assist.

I was encouraged to write this article by my close friend and mentor John Longstaff who has sought to teach me much about the badges of the British Empire. The learning continue and I sincerely thank John for his edits, guidance and friendship.

My good friend Pat Birley has been a tower of strength and guidance to me in helping curate my collection and sourcing items for me in the United Kingdom. If I was to learn half of what Pat knows about shoulder titles then I would be a very satisfied.

There is no doubt in my mind that this project would have been accomplished without the guidance and practical support of Ivan Machin. Having read Ivan’s tremendous book on the ‘Badges of the York and Lancaster Regiment’ I eagerly contacted him to seek his guidance on how to go about tackling the compilation of my notes and assemblage of photographs into something concrete that I could share with others.  Ivan has been generous with his time in supporting me on this journey and has openly shared with me his own experience of converting to a badges of York and Lancaster website so that fresh additions to a collection can be accommodated. I was very fortunate to be introduced to Michael Wood, who has published a splendid and authoritative guide to the 'Badges and Insignia of the Essex Yeomanry' and am very appreciative of his friendship, support and practical encouragement. Michael has also created a wonderful website to the badges of the County of Essex. I encourage readers to click on the links to these websites which provide terrific reference sources.

I am indebted to the love and support of Anna, my wife and four wonderful children Cameron, Elisabeth, Alexander and Charlotte for their infinite patience and tolerance for their Father’s fascination with badges and their history.

Lest We Forget.

Dr Dean Moss




Dedication


DedicationDedicationDedication
This project is dedicated to the memory of the proud military service of my late Father, Kenneth Moss (Corporal, Royal Lincolnshire Regiment) and his brothers Alan (Private, King’s Royal Rifle Corps and Parachute Regiment), Wallace (Aircraftsman, Royal Air Force) and Gordon (Craftsman, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Died as a Prisoner of War of the Japanese in 1945); my Grandfather Charles Herbert Moss (Sergeant, ‘C’ Company, 18th Lord Durham Pals Battalion, Durham Light Infantry, wounded at Ypres and on the Somme) and my maternal great Grandfather Harry Morley (Private, 2nd Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment, Died of Wounds 21st May 1915, Battle of Festubert) and his brother John (Private, ‘A’ Company, 1st Battalion Leicestershire Regiment, Died of Wounds 22nd November 1914, Battle of the River Aisne).

Lest We Forget the service and sacrifice of the men of the King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and the 2nd King Edward’s Horse.

King's Colonials Formation


The Second Boer War had proven a very difficult political and military campaign for Great Britain to positively conclude. By 1900 the combination of the vastness of the South African veld and the ravages of disease and hard soldiering for men and horses meant that more men were required to be released from home service units to fight overseas. Patriotic fervour was running high across the British Empire and many citizens from the British Colonies had enlisted to serve in Lord Roberts, Commander in Chief’s army in South Africa. As described by Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James DSO in his history of the unit (The History of King Edwards Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921), George Hamilton (Figure 1), a solicitor and a member of the Committee of the Colonial Club in London, suggested that there should be a home defence yeomanry unit, raised purely from overseas volunteers’ resident in England.

Figure 1: Lieutenant Colonel George Hamilton (wearing Officers Service Dress uniform with the cap bearing the later King Edward's Horse headdress badge) who first conceived of the formation of the King’s Colonials, circa 1910-12.  He joined the King’s Colonials upon its formation in 1901 and although having retired in 1912, he served extra-regimentally during the Great War (Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James. The History of King Edwards Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921).

Together with fellow Committee member, Lieutenant Colonel Nesbit Willoughby Wallace (Figure 2) they sought endorsement of the proposal from all the Colonial representatives in London of the senior members of the Empire: Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and India. Although supportive, the New Zealand Agent General had doubts that there were sufficient numbers of New Zealanders living in England to enlist.

Figure 2:  Lieutenant Colonel Nesbitt Willoughby-Wallace, first Commanding Officer of the 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry 1901-04 (Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James. The History of King Edwards Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921). 

Some seventy men came forward as being willing volunteers when a recruiting advertisement was run in the London papers in the summer of 1900. Having gained the approval of Lord Roberts, the 4th County of London Imperial Yeomanry (King’s Colonials) was formed on the 29th November 1901 at Charing Cross, London. The Regiment was 50th in precedence within the yeomanry. The Lord Lieutenant of the County of London, Lord Fife become Colonel in Chief and His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall and York, K.G. (later King George V) became the Regiment’s Honorary Colonel in December 1901 (see Figure 3). His Royal Highness was the first Officer gazetted to the Regiment and his enthusiastic support saw the unit fulfill numerous ceremonial duties as a highly-popular overseas Dominion unit raised in the County of London. The King’s Colonials have the distinction of being the only Colonial unit administered from Whitehall.

Figure 3:  His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales and Officers of the 4th County of London (King's Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry in Full Dress uniform at the Inspection and  Official Opening of  the Drill Hall in the King's Road, Chelsea on 6th May 1902 (Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James. The History of King Edwards Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921).

KC 1902-05


The first recruit sworn into the King's Colonials was Private Henry S. Cubitt who was curiously given 32 as his Regimental Number on 4th January 1902.  The first muster of the Regiment was held on 11th February 1902.

Lieutenant Colonel Willoughby Wallace became the first Commanding Officer and Captain Robert Roland Thompson (late of the Australian Horse) was appointed Adjutant; Captain Sir Robert Bailie (Australia) and Mr John Howard (Canada) were appointed as Captains; and George Hamilton (South Africa and Chile) and A. G. Berry (Australia) as Lieutenants (Figure 4). Volunteers came from the upper echelons of society from Colonial outposts and funding came from the Dominion Government’s that sponsored their own particular Squadrons. A cavalry or yeomanry Squadron is the equivalent of a company in an infantry Regiment and was comprised of about 120-150 Officers and Other Ranks. A cavalry or yeomanry Regiment would generally be made up of four Squadrons.

Figure 4: The Officers of the 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry from left to right, back row: Lieutenant Lionel James, Captain J. Howard, Lieutenant P. Hare and Surgeon-Lieutenant L. J. H Oldmeadow, MD.  Second row: Second Lieutenant H. C. Corlette, Colonel Sir E. W. D. Ward (K.C.H Under-Secretary of State for War), Lieutenant G. Hamilton, Captain Sir Robert Baillie, Bart., Lieutenant A. G. Berry, Second Lieutenant W. J. Ratcliffe, Lieutenant Hamar Greenwood, and Lieutenant G. Seymour Fort. Front row: Major J. M. Vereker, Lieutenant Colonel Willoughby Wallace, and Captain and Adjutant Robert Roland Thompson in Undress uniform circa 1902 (Navy and Army Illustrated. London: Elliot & Fry, Volume XIV: Number 274, 147-148, May 3rd 1902). 

The King’s Colonials established their Headquarters at 30 Charing Cross Road and drilled in a hall at 304 King’s Road in Chelsea (Figure 4). By April 1902, the Regimental strength was 190 and a Regimental band had been formed. A representative Squadron was present at King Edward’s Coronation Review on 12th June 1902 and Lieutenant George Hamilton, one NCO and eight Troopers attended the King Edward VII’s coronation on 9th August 1902.

Figure 5: The permanent staff of the King’s Colonials as of 19th April 1902 from left to right are Regimental Sergeant Major Fezan (former 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards), Squadron Quarter Master Sergeant Palmer (former 10th Hussars); Captain and Adjutant R. R. Thompson; and Squadron Sergeant Major Thompson (former 13th Hussars) (Navy and Army Illustrated. London: Elliot & Fry, Volume XIV: Number 274, 147-148, May 3rd 1902). 

In 1903 it was proposed that the Regiment initially form "Colonial" Squadrons to represent each of the overseas Dominions:

  • ‘A’ Squadron - British Asians (mostly Indian)
  • ‘B’ Squadron - British Americans (actually Canadians)
  • ‘C’ Squadron - Australasian (Australian & New Zealanders
  • ‘D’ Squadron - British African (South African & Rhodesian)
  • ‘E’ Squadron – attempts were made to form an entirely New Zealand Squadron but was unsuccessful. The New Zealanders became the 3rd Troop of ‘D’ Squadron (South African) and this left ‘C’ Squadron as wholly Australian in make-up and so ‘C’ Squadron was re-named the Australian Squadron.  
The same year, the Regiment commenced training at Latimer Park with a strength of 18 Officers and 202 Other Ranks.

It was again divided into four Squadrons with three Troops per Squadron:

  • ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) commanded by Captain L. James with 1st Troop (Asian) 2nd Lieutenant Stockwell, 2nd Troop (Asian) 2nd Lieutenant Radcliffe and 3rd Troop (Australian) Lieutenant Corlette. 
  • ‘B’ Squadron (Canadian) commanded by Major J. Howard with 1st Troop (Canadian) Lieutenant Hamar Greenwood, the 2nd Troop (Canadian) Captain G. Hamilton and the 3rd Troop (Australian).
  • ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) commanded by Major Sir Robert Baillie, Bart with 1st Troop (New South Wales) 2nd Lieutenant J. Armstrong, 2nd Troop (New South Wales) Lieutenant G. S. Fort and 3rd Troop (Victoria) Captain A. G. Berry.
  • ‘D’ Squadron (South African) commanded by Major J. M. Vereker with 1st Troop (African) -, 2nd Troop (African) Lieutenant P.  R. Hare and 3rd Troop (New Zealand) Captain R. S. Vaile. 
The King’s Colonials purchased a Pegasus car for conveying their Officer’s for inspection duties in 1902 and were a fully independent unit with their own battery of machine guns (see Annual Camps section), a corps of signalers and an ambulance corps.

Upon retirement of Lieutenant Colonel Willoughby Wallace on the 19 April 1904, command of the Regiment passed to Lieutenant Colonel Honourable Herbert Alexander Lawrence, late of the 17th Lancers (Figure 6). The Regimental Headquarters moved to Gloucester Terrace, London. The early years of the King's Colonials were not without difficulties as the Regiment was short of funds for many years. The assumption had been made that wealthy Colonials and Dominion Governments would financially support the newly formed Regiment but the reality was quite different.

Figure 6: Portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Honourable Sir Herbert Alexander Lawrence (Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery).

On the 7th April 1905, the Regimental title was shortened to the simpler "King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry”. The Regiment thanks to Royal patronage and colourful uniforms provided a Guard of Honour for numerous overseas dignitaries.

KC 1906-09


By 1906, recruitment had stalled and so the catchment for volunteers was expanded with subsequent addition of detachments in Cambridge and Oxford plus a Liverpool Troop from the Dominion residents of Liverpool. Today there is little physical evidence of the association of the King's Colonials with these localities or for that matter their headquarters in London except mementos like that shown in Figure 7. The Liverpool Troop were attached to ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) for training and housed in the Headquarters of the Liverpool Scottish.  

The entry from the 1911 edition of Gore's Liverpool Directory provides the address of the Liverpool Troop as King Edwards Horse, The Kings Overseas Dominions Regiment, Northern District Detachment, HQ 2 Church Street W, Liverpool under the command of Captain W. Bancroft Pearch.

Figure 7: A repoussed silver sugar shaker given as a wedding gift to Trooper Edward Thornton, 776 engraved by his comrades of the Liverpool Detachment of the King’s Colonials (Courtesy of The saleroom.com).

Political maneuvering within the War Office by 1907 led to several of the self-governing Dominions seeing advantage in recognising the value of the King’s Colonials as a volunteer force in which they could be boldly represented. This then led to several alliances being formed between Colonial units namely the 8th (Princess Louise’s) New Brunswick Hussars in 1907 and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th Australian Horse and Border Light Horse (Cape Colonial Forces) in 1908. The year of 1908, saw changes to the structure of the Army and the creation of the Territorial Force which led to the Regiment no longer being administered through the County of London Territorial Force Association but under its own association.

In 1909, due the Crown Colonies having gained Dominion status, the term ‘Colony Squadrons’ was abolished. From this time on the Squadrons were mixed in composition with new recruits allocated to the Squadron best suited to their training needs rather than on the traditional Dominion association or origin. At this time, the Regimental strength stood at 27 Officers and 444 Other Ranks. From April 1909 to January 1913, the Commanding Officer was Colonel H. Fortescue CBE, late of the 17th Lancers.

Figure 8: Church parade of an Officer, Serjeant (wearing the earlier Australasian Squadron headdress badge as an NCO arm badge) and Other Ranks 'C' Squadron (Australian) King's Colonials in Full Dress uniform circa 1907 (Photograph courtesy of David Knight). 

Figure 9: King's Colonials Coronation detachment in Full Dress uniform marching to Church Parade circa 1905-1910 (Gale and Polden series postcard). 

KC/KEH 1910-12


The photograph in Figure 10 depicts one of the last formal engagements of the King’s Colonials when a small detachment marched in the funeral procession of King Edward VII on 20th May 1910.

Figure 10: King’s Colonials in Full Dress uniform marching in the funeral procession of King Edward VII on 20th May 1910 near Paddington station, London (R. J. Smith collection).

In 1910, an exchange relationship was established between the 8th Australian Light Horse Regiment (Victorian Mounted Rifles) and ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) of the King’s Colonials. Again Colonial interest in the Regiment continued to grow and alliances were formed with the 13th, 14th and 15th Light Horse (Queensland Mounted Infantry) and the 10th, 11th and 19th Light Horse (Victorian Mounted Rifles) and the 1st, 5th and 8th Regiments, New Zealand Mounted Rifles.

Following the death of King Edward VII in 1910 it was decided that, due to the self-governing Dominions dislike of being referred to as Colonials, the Regiment should be renamed. On the 12th July 1910, the Regimental title changed to the 4th County of London Yeomanry, King Edward's Horse (the King's Overseas Dominions Regiment) (Figure 11).

Figure 11:  A King Edward’s Horse (The King’s Overseas Dominions Regiment) recruiting postcard. This example was posted to Major E. W. Hermon (later KIA with the Northumberland Fusiliers) in Cowfold, Sussex on 5 July 1913 with a note that states that a dozen of these cards can be obtained from the Regimental Headquarters for a shilling. 

Lord Strathcona made a donation of £10,000 to the Regimental funds for the King’s Colonials to finance the change of name and the adoption of new uniforms and badges for the King Edward’s Horse

King George V became Colonel in Chief of the 4th County of London Yeomanry, King Edward's Horse (the King's Overseas Dominions Regiment on 2nd September 1910.

The Regimental Headquarters was at Grove House, Holywood Road in Fulham and moved to the Duke of York’s Headquarters, King’s Road, Chelsea in 1911.

In 1912, ‘A’ Squadron was broken up and the Liverpool Troop under Major Pearch became ‘A’ Squadron in its entirety, while the original two Troops of ‘A’ Squadron were transferred to ‘D’ Squadron. It is reported that recruitment in Liverpool became so brisk that the change was inevitable.

Figure 12:  An unused parade attendance slip for the 1st Troop of 'B' Squadron of the King Edward's Horse. 

The Regiment, comprising 29 Officers and 401 Other Ranks was transferred from the Territorial Force to the Special Reserve on the 31st August 1912 as part of the London Mounted Brigade.

KEH 1913-14


Lieutenant Colonel Victor Sandeman (Figure 13), having seen service in the 17th Lancers joined the King’s Colonials on the 20th July 1904.  He became Commanding Officer of the 4th County of London Yeomanry, King Edward's Horse (the King's Overseas Dominions Regiment) from January 1913 to June 1914 and again after a period of ill health from the outbreak of the Great War in August 1914 to June 1916.

Figure 13: Lieutenant Colonel Victor Sandeman, Commanding Officer from January 1913 to June 1914 and August 1914 to June 1916. One of his King Edward's Horse collar badges is evident in the photograph. 

Figure 14: King George V inspecting a Guard of Honour furnished by the King Edward's Horse July 1913 (Courtesy of The Daily Mirror).  

The King Edward’s Horse was mobilised for war on the 4th August 1914. For many it was a card to loved ones and off to ‘the grand adventure’ (Figure 15).

Figure 15: A mounted Trooper (Ernest ---) of King Edward’s Horse writes home to his sister as he sets off to war. He is equipped with a .303 Short Medium Lee Enfield Mark 1 rifle (in its holster) and 1908 pattern cavalry sword (Image from an online auction site).


KEH 1914


The King Edward's Horse were embodied 4th August 1914 in Chelsea where it was training with the 4th Cavalry Brigade.  They were mobilised to Watford and moved to Bishop Storford in March 1915.

Figure 16: No. 3 Troop of ‘C’ Squadron at Gammons Farm, Watford in 1914 the captioning ‘en route for Berlin’ by the Troopers capturing the optimism and excitement of the early stages of the Great War (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. 19: 16, 1952).

Figures 17 and 18: Front and rear of a postcard depicting a group of King Edward's Horse at Garston, Watford on 14 December 1914. The sender of the card is Private John Callum Newlans Eastick and he wrote on the back of the card that he wasn't actually in the postcard as these were Troopers of 'C' Squadron who had among their ranks many former members of the original Cambridge and Oxford university troops of the King Edward's Horse. He also notes that all leave had been cancelled and he thinks it unlikely he will be home for Christmas.
  
‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) together with Regimental HQ landed at Havre on 22nd April 1915 and initially joined the 47th (London) Division and then joined IV Corps Cavalry Regiment on 1st June 1916

KEH 1915-16


Figure 19: Lieutenant Colonel Victor Sandeman (seated centre front row, as shown in Figure 13) with Captain R. D. Furse (third from left front row) and other Officers as named of King Edwards Horse at Bishop’s Storford in April 1915 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 20: 12, 1953).   

  • Numbered 1st King Edward’s Horse but served with the Divisional Cavalry as independent Squadrons until 1st June 1916.
In April 1915, the Regiment was split up:

  • ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) was attached to 12th Division at Aldershot from 23rd May 1915 and landed at Havre, France on 2nd June 1916 to join IV Corps Cavalry Regiment
  • ‘B’ Squadron (Canadian) landed at Havre on 22 April 1915 and joined 48th (South Midland) Division and then IV Corps Cavalry Regiment on 1st June 1916.
Figure 20: Self signed postcard of Private Arthur Mathias Roberts, 1038 in June 1915 showing his service Dress complete with British 1899 Pattern Cavalry Trooper’s Sword and his slung Lee Enfield SME Rifle. 

Figure 21: A Corporal and Lance Corporal with several Privates of the King Edward's Horse outside their tent circa 1914-16. All un-named.

KEH 1916-18


  • The three Squadrons and Regimental HQ was concentrated at Valhuon as IV Corps Cavalry Regiment on 1st June 1916 (see Figure 22). The Regiment moved to XVIII Corps on 17th July 1917 returning to IV Corps in November 1917.
Figure 22: A King Edward’s Horse Hotchkiss Gun Team at Valhuon June 1916. Originally captioned with following names (now with the full name and service number where they have been matched from the Nominal Roll): Alexander (three possibilities from Nominal Roll); Watts? (three possibilities from Nominal Roll), Rees/Reeves? (likely to be Private David J. Rees, 1129 KIA 19/08/1917 rather than Captain Alfred Henry Reeves); Smith (multiple Smith's on Nominal Roll); Johnston (two possible from Nominal Roll); Pristley (Private Charles Priestley, 1095); Mathieson (Private John D. Mathieson, 1557); O’Connor (one of two bothers from Nominal Roll); Molloy (Private Henry S. Molloy, 1554); Ferreira (Private Edwin L. Ferreira, 1296); Willis (Serjeant Ernest Willis, 786); MeVoy, Watts? (three possibilities from Nominal Roll); McCracken (Lance Corporal Edward McCracken, 1105), - and Sadler (Private F. Sadler, 915). The originally un-named figure seated second from left has since been identified by his grandson Robert Cruickshank as Private Alfred Isidore Capper) (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Bulletin. 20: 22, 1953).

  • The Regiment then moved to Italy on 15th December 1917 joining XI Corps.

  • On 16th March 1918 the Regiment moved back to France with XI Corps.

  • In May 1918, ‘A’ Squadron stayed with XI Corps, while ‘B’ Squadron went to I Corps and ‘C’ Squadron to XIII Corps (moving to XIII Corps in October 1918). (Figure 23).
Figure 23: 4th Troop of ‘C’ Squadron in France in December 1918. Captioned with - back row from left: 3rd Barton (Private William L. Barton, 1151), 4th Charters (likely to be Private Walter G. Charter, 1567), 6th Tetley (Private Henry Tetley, 1548) and 7th McCormack (either Private Albert McCormack, 1731 or Private Percy James McCormack, 1278). Centre row: Milroy (either Private Joseph Milroy, 1152 or Private Robert Milroy, 1164), Fisher (five possibilities from the Nominal Roll), Roberts (five possibilities from the Nominal Roll), Wooding (Private Wooding) and Glasspool (James A. Glasspool, 438 from rank in the Nominal Roll with three Glasspool's). Front row second from left: Barton? (named twice - Private William L. Barton, 1151). The Trooper far left in the back row wears a ribbon for a gallantry decoration as does the Trooper far left centre row and the Sergeant next to him. The Sergeant in the middle of the centre row wears two gallantry medal ribbons and a brass wound stripe on his lower left forearm of his tunic. Great War service medals and ribbons were generally not worn until late 1918 for the 1914/15 Star and later for the British War Medal and Victory Medal (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. 19: 13, 1952).  

Figure 24: Several Privates of the King Edward's Horse circa 1914-18.

KEH 1918


Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James DSO, (Figure 25) became Commanding Officer in June 1916 and served in that capacity until 1922.  He had joined the King’s Colonials as a Lieutenant in February 1902 and was promoted to Captain, a year to the day on 2nd February 1903 and then to Major on 11th June 1906.

Figure 25: Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James, CBE DSO, Commanding Officer June 1916 to 1922. Lieutenant Colonel James is wearing the Officer’s Service Dress uniform of the King Edward’s Horse (Darren O’Brien collection).

The Colonial spirit and camaraderie certainly lived on with the King Edward’s Horse and even though the individual Squadrons were no longer known by their Dominion association, the Troopers were often photographed with their comrades from the Dominion (see Figures 26 and 28).

Figure 26: Photograph of some of the Rhodesian members of the King Edward’s Horse circa 1914-19 (National Archives of Zimbabwe). 
KEH 1918KEH 1918

KEH Reserve Squadron


KEH Reserve SquadronKEH Reserve Squadron
A Reserve Squadron of the King Edward's Horse was formed at Chelsea in August 1914 to provide a cadre of Troopers to the other four Squadrons.  The Reserve Squadron moved to Bishop Storford in May 1915, crossed to Ireland in July 1915. They were attached to the 8th Reserve Cavalry Regiment at the Curragh (Figure 28).

Figure 28: Australians in the 4th Troop, Reserve Squadron at the Curragh circa 1915. Back row: John (Jack) Stanley Haddin (1224), Kevin Irving Sullivan (1216), Samuel Stretch (1218), Leslie Leake (1221) and Thomas Hawkins (1219). Centre row: W. R. Withers, Lieutenant Montgomery, Lieutenant Syme and Corporal Gilbert Boileau (1075). Front row: -, Edward J. Leake (1221), -, James Leslie Rood Fry (1235) (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 19: 19, 1952). 

The Reserve Squadron moved to Longford, Ireland in April 1916 (Figure 29) and then to Dublin in February 1917 where it was expanded to a Reserve Regiment.

Figure 29, bottom image: 1st and 2nd Troops of the Reserve Squadron of King Edward’s Horse taken at Longford, Ireland in 1916 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 20: 20, 1953). 

KEH Reserve Regiment


Figure 31: Group of Australians serving in the Reserve Squadron of King Edward’s Horse taken at Longford, Ireland in 1916. The Officers are captioned as MacBean? and Moffat. The Private on the far right in the front row is identified as John Gardiner (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 19, 13, 1952). 

In 1917 the Reserve Squadron was commanded by Major (Temporary Lieutenant Colonel Martin Foster Dick (Figure 32). Major Dick had been the Officer in Command of the Mounted Party of the King Edward’s Horse at the 1911 Coronation Parade. He went on to commanded the Regiment in France in 1917-18.
 
Figure 32: Major (Temporary Lieutenant Colonel Martin Foster Dick who commanded the Reserve Squadron of King Edward’s Horse in Ireland in 1917 (Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James. The History of King Edwards Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921).  

Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James returned to command the Reserve Regiment in 1917-18.

Figure 33: Marlborough Barracks Dublin 1918. Back row: 2/Lt. Swaine, 2/Lt. Brownell, 2/Lt. Freeman, 2/Lt. Bolus, Lt. Tutt, 2/Lt. Alexander, 2/Lt. Crompton, 2/Lt. Campbell and 2/Lt. Meikle.  Sitting: Lt. Patell, Capt. Bradburn (Adjt.), Lt.-Col. L. James (C.O.), Capt. Ramsey and Capt. Hope. Front row: 2/Lt. Orr-Ewing, 2/Lt. Churchouse, 2/Lt. Herapath, 2 Lt. Baker and 2/Lt. Cox. (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 14, 1947).  

Battle Honours, Disbandment & Lodge


The following Great War Battle Honours were awarded to the Regiment:

  • Loos
  • Ypres 1917
  • Pilckem
  • Cambrai 1917
  • Lys
  • Estaires
  • Hazebrouck
  • Pursuit to Mons
  • France and Flanders 1915-17
  • Italy 1917-18.
The Regiment fought with great distinction at La Bassee Canal on the 12th April 1918 where it held three bridges near Vieille Chapelle at a cost of 10 Officers and 150 Other Ranks as casualties out of a unit strength of 450.

The Regiment was disembodied in August 1919 and honourably disbanded on the 31st March 1924 (Figures 34 and 35).

Figure 34: Letter communicating the honourable disbandment of King Edward’s Horse to the Commonwealth of Australia from the British Government on 14th March 1924 (Reproduced with the permission of the Australian War Memorial).

Figure 35: New Zealand First Day Cover issued to commemorate the 55th anniversary of the disbandment of King Edward’s Horse on the 31st March 1924.  


The Masonic Lodge of the King's Colonials had been formed in 1909. As the number of surviving members of the disbanded Regiment dwindled, membership of the Regimental Lodge was opened to all interested persons, and passed all Regimental traditions to the Lodge. The Worshipful Master of the Lodge has an official entitlement to wear the regimental tie (now the only living person with that entitlement), and the Lodge became the custodians of all Regimental property, including the Regimental silver valued at many thousands of pounds. The Lodge continues to function, and to maintain Regimental traditions. The regimental property is stored by the Lodge in a secure vault at Haileybury College. The Lodge continues to tend Regimental graves, and to lay wreaths at the regimental memorials in London and France.

Manchester businessman Charles Campbell May was one of several Freemasons who died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Born in New Zealand, he had served six years with the King's Colonials/King Edward’s Horse (The King’s Overseas Dominions Regiment) before 1914 and then founded a volunteer unit at the outbreak of war. Charles was a member of King’s Colonials Lodge, No. 3386 and a Lodge membership badge is shown in Figure 36.
.
Figure 36: King's Colonials Masonic Lodge membership badge (Peter Nemaric collection).

2nd King Edward's Horse 1914-17


There was an additional King Edward’s Horse Regiment formed as cavalry in 1914 and it bears no relation to the original King Edward’s Horse Regiment of yeomanry.  The Regiment became known as the 2nd King Edward's Horse which resulted in references to the original King Edward's Horse during the Great War being sometimes referred to as the (1st) King Edward's Horse.  I have chosen not to adopt this nomenclature for the original King Edward's Horse.  

The 2nd King Edward's Horse was raised by John (later Sir John) Norton-Griffiths (see Nominal Roll for a short biography), a colonial adventurer and Captain/Adjutant of the bodyguard of Lord Robert’s as Commander-in-Chief in the Second Boer War, at his own expense (40,000 pounds).  A very good short history of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse was written by David Miller (Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 83: 1-10, 2005) and I have drawn heavily on that article for the summary which follows.

The 2nd King Edward’s Horse assembled in White City, London from the 10th August 1914 and initially trained at Langley Park between Slough and Uxbridge. The Earl of Lonsdale became their Colonel-in-Chief and they were commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Montagu Cradock CB CMG (see Nominal Roll). In December 1914 they replaced the Essex Yeomanry in the Eastern Mounted Brigade of the 1st Mounted Division whilst stationed in Essex. On the 1st February 1915 they transferred to the Canadian Cavalry Brigade at Maresfield. The Brigade was later called 1st Canadian Cavalry Brigade but since there were no others raised they were commonly just called the Canadian Cavalry Brigade.
 
Figure 37: Copy of a recruiting poster for the 2nd King Edward’s Horse circa 1915. 

The Canadian Cavalry Brigade was made up of the 2nd King Edward's Horse, the Royal Canadian Dragoons, Lord Strathcona's Horse and the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.  The Brigade deployed to France on 4th May 1915 and the 2nd King Edward’s Horse Regiment fought dismounted as Seely’s Detachment attached to the 1st Canadian Division until September 1915 before re-joining the Canadian Cavalry Brigade.

From January 1915 until January 1916 they were brigaded with the Fife & Forfar Yeomanry until they were replaced by the Fort Garry Horse. The 2nd King Edward’s Horse acquired a Talbot armoured car in 1915 but it was not used overseas on active service (Figure 38). On the 27th January 1916, the 2nd King Edward’s Horse re-gained their mounts and formed as a two Squadron Cavalry Regiment with General HQ troops. In 1915, the 2nd King Edward’s Horse Regimental HQ and ‘A’ Squadron remained with General HQ whilst ‘B’ Squadron went to the 56th Division as Divisional cavalry on the 23rd March 1916 until 30th May 1916.

Figure 38: Photograph of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse Talbot armoured car acquired in 1915 but not used overseas on active service (Original copyright of the Tank Museum, Bovington and reproduced by David Miller in the Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, 83:1-10, 2005).
 
In June 1916, the 2nd King Edward’s Horse were expanded with the addition of a Service Squadron of the 21st Lancers from England and became XIV Corps Cavalry Regiment. The unit became broken up in August 1917 with the 2nd King Edward’s Horse leaving France for Wareham, England on the 5th August 1917 to be absorbed into the Tank Corps. The Squadron from the 21st Lancers went to No. 5 Base Depot on the 29th August 1917 and was broken up.

A Reserve Squadron was formed which crossed to Ireland in July 1915. This Squadron was expanded to a Regiment being stationed at Kilkenny in 1917.

The biographical narrative of Private Osborne Lean in the 2nd King Edward's Horse Nominal Roll section of this website provides a tremendous insight into the background and service experiences of a soldier in the Regiment.

Figure 39: Postcard of NCOs and Other Ranks of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse on church parade at Hampton Court Palace.  Many of the Privates are wearing Service Dress caps without cap badges consistent with them being new recruits. The postcard is dated May 1915 and sent to a Master Leslie Read, Sussex. 

Sidcup 1902


Sidcup 1902 Sidcup 1902
The annual camp was an important training activity for all British army regiments especially the volunteers. A fortnight under canvas annually was supplemented for the King’s Colonials by intermediate trainings at Easter and Whitsuntide holidays which became annual features from 1904.

The first annual camp of the newly formed King’s Colonials was held at Sidcup in Kent from 14th to 29th June 1902. The Regiment in camp totaled fourteen Officers and 201 Other Ranks with a strong Squadron released under the command of the Adjutant for the Coronation Review. Figures 41-2 are photographs taken from that first annual camp.

Figure 41: Some of the attendees of the Sidcup camp, 1902. 

Privates Foster (four possibilities from KEH Nominal Roll but with 202 Other Ranks enrolled by 1903 it is unlikely to be any of these as the Regimental numbers are all higher - 603, 652, 731 and 1373), Henry S. Cubit, 32 (enlisted 4/01/1902) and Price (possibly Elias W. Price, 415 but again unlikely) with Herbert MacIntosh,57 (standing). Private Herbert MacIntosh was from New Zealand (note the New Zealand flag proudly displayed on their tent) and went on to be a Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant and his photograph appears as Figure 105 with his uniform depicted in Figures 103-104 and 106-111.

 Figure 42: Quarter Guard at Sidcup Camp being mounted by several Troopers of the Australasian Squadron.



Latimer 1903


Latimer 1903
In 1903, the annual camp was held at Latimer Camp in Chesham, Buckinghamshire in August of that year under the encouraging and watchful eye of the land holder, Lord Chesham. Unlike some irregularities with the previous camp the Latimer Park experience was very soldierly. The camp was attended by eighteen Officers and 202 Other Ranks illustrating its humble beginnings. The band didn't attend the opening of the camp due to a dispute over pay and under Band Master Ambrose Hulley all sixteen members were absentees. This became a police matter and all eventually joined the camp.

The annual camps were great training opportunities for marching, parading and horsemanship.

Figure 44: Captain Robert R. Thompson (an Australian who had served as a Sergeant in the 4th Dragoon Guards and Adjutant of the 1st (Volunteer) Australian Horse) and Squadron Sergeant Major Ernest S. Wells (who had served as Regimental Sergeant Major in the 4th Hussars and was promoted to Regimental Sergeant Major in the later King Edward’s Horse in 1911) passing and inspecting recruits at Latimer Camp in 1903.

On Sunday 9th August 1903 the Regiment attended an open-air church service at Latimer. Colonel Willoughby Wallace gave the readings and present at the service were the men of the 'D' (Chesham) Squadron, The Buckinghamshire Imperial Yeomanry (Royal Buckinghamshire Hussars). In the afternoon games were played and the Chesham prize band played music.








Training & Sports


Tent pegging with a lance, lemon cutting with the sword and wrestling on horseback were popular sports competitions at the annual camps. The link for wrestling on horseback will take you to a short YouTube clip which is the only footage I have seen of the King Edward's Horse. In the Museum section of this website I have noted that there was even an Officer's Mess Cup for wrestling on horseback.

Figure 55: Tent pegging at Latimer Camp in 1903.

Figure 56: Sergeant Herbert MacIntosh who became the Squadron Quarter Master Sergeant of ‘D’ Squadron ready for tent pegging at Latimer Camp in 1903.  

Figure 57: Lemon cutting, whereby a Trooper mounted on horseback attempted to cut a lemon which had been mounted on a post with his sword during sports at Latimer Camp in 1903. 

St Albans 1904


St Albans 1904St Albans 1904
Figure 58: Rifle training in St Albans camp in 1904. Trooper DuFoy is the individual named wearing the distinctive Lemon-Squeezer headdress of the New Zealand armed forces and later adopted by the Canadian forces.    

Figure 59: Corporal Percy Alfred Ely (left) with Troopers Pemberton and Liddle stand to their horses. Corporal Ely was born in 1884 and went on to serve as a Lieutenant in King Edward’s Horse. He was attached to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force as Assistant Paymaster to the New Zealand Forces and died of pneumonia on 17/11/1918. All three Troopers were from New Zealand and were members of the 3rd Troop (New Zealand) of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) of the King's Colonials in 1904.  

Ovingdean 1905 & Stowe Park 1906


The location of the 1905 annual camp was Ovingdean near Brighton in East Sussex. Attendance had grown again with 19 Officers and 331 Other Ranks in camp.

Figure 61: Photographs of the annual camp in Ovingdean near Brighton in 1905 (The Bystander: 35, August 16, 1905).

The location of the 1906 annual camp of the King’s Colonials was Stowe Park in Buckinghamshire. The Regiment was really coming of age now in its development and discipline and this camp was the most well attended to date with 22 Officers and 353 Other Ranks swelled by the addition of two Troops from the Liverpool detachment.

Figure 62: Photograph of the annual camp in Stowe Park in East Sussex in 1906. The Officer seated in the centre of the front row is Colonel Lawrence, Commanding Officer and the Officer on the far right is Captain Hamar Greenwood, 'B' Squadron. 

Much of the time spent at camp was of course devoted to the care of the horses. In many of the anecdotes I have from former members of the King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse and their forebears was the love they had for their horses.

Figure 63: Caring for the horses at camp.

Churn Camp 1907-08, Pond Farm 1909 and Shorncliffe 1910


The annual camps for the King’s Colonials were held at Churn Camp, near Blewbury, Oxfordshire in 1907 and 1908.  The 1907 camp was attended by 21 Officers and 375 Other Ranks this time swelled by the addition of the Cambridge and Oxford detachments.  Attendance was much lower in 1908 with 19 Officers and 294 Other Ranks.  A feature of these particular camps was the inclusion of a Machine Gun Troop within the Regiment.  A Dundonald carriage was used for transporting a Maxim gun and it's ammunition as shown in Figure 64.

Figure 64: Machine Gun Troop of the King’s Colonial Imperial Yeomanry at Churn Camp in 1907 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Comrades Association Annual Bulletin. No 20: 15, 1953).  

We know from the attendance of one of the more famous members of the King’s Colonials, J.R.R. Tolkien who as an undergraduate student of Oxford University attended their annual camp in 1909 at Pond Farm Camp, Tidworth Pennings on Salisbury Plain (John Garth: Tolkien and The Great War: The Threshold of Middle-earth. London: HarperCollins, 2003).  Here they were camped as a Brigade with the other four mounted regiments of the London Command and were in strength with 24 Officers and 415 Other Ranks.

The 1910 camp was also held on Salisbury Plain at Shorncliffe Camp with reduced numbers at 20 Officers and 327 Other Ranks. This was the first camp for the Regiment as King Edward's Horse.

Figure 65: Officers and Other Ranks from ‘A’ Squadron, King Edward’s Horse at Shorncliffe Camp in 1910 (R. J. Smith collection). The headdress badge being worn is the new pattern of the King Edward’s Horse see later section of the website.  

Figure 66: King Edward’s Horse at Shorncliffe Camp in 1910 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Comrades Association Annual Bulletin. No 14: 1947).  




Aldershot 1911


The efficiency of the Regiment was questioned in the official report on the 1910 camp which had some bearing on the push by the Commanding Officer for the 1911 camp of the King Edward’s Horse to be held at Aldershot and closer to army command. A total of five senior Officers including General Sir John French inspected the Regiment at this camp and this time the report to the Colonel-in-Chief was thankfully much more positive.

Figure 67: Sergeant H. I. Freeman,103 and Corporals Henry Lewis Balfour Soden, 82; Leonard Latreille, 268; Lionel R. Daines and Bernard J. Poole, 61 at Colchester camp 1911 (may have been an additional camp to the annual camp at Aldershot). 

Figure 68: Officers of King Edward's Horse with General French at Aldershot camp in 1911 (Courtesy David Knight). Left to right seated front: 1. Staff Officer, 2. Major Hamilton, 3. Captain Coote, Adjutant 17th Lancers, 4. Major Lionel James, 5. Major Sanderman, 6. General Sir John French, 7. Colonel Fortescue, 8-11. Staff Officers, 12. Major Howard. Left to right standing: 8th from left Major Harmon with raised hand. Middle row standing 4th from left Lieutenant G. G. Russell later Colonel. 

Figure 69: King Edward’s Horse Troopers from ‘C’ Squadron mucking out at annual camp at Aldershot in 1911. The postcard is amusingly labelled 'Afternoon Off’. The khaki service caps have white bands as opposed to cap covers which might have been worn to distinguish 'foe from friend' whilst on maneuvers.  




Aldershot 1911 & Dibgate 1912


Figure 70: Postcard of the King Edward's Horse training at Aldershot in 1911.

The July-August 1912 annual camp of King Edward’s Horse was held at Dibgate Plateau, Shorncliffe in Kent with severe gales a noted feature.

Figure 71: Unique photographs of ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’ Squadrons of King Edward’s Horse assembled in mounted and dismounted order at annual camp on Dibgate Plateau, Shorncliffe in Kent in July-August 1912 (R. J. Smith collection).

Figure 72: Postcard of a group of King Edward's Horse training at annual camp at Aldershot in 1911 including Private Wally Elliott, 43 C' Squadron.

Bulford 1913 & Canterbury 1914


The annual camp for 1913 was held in July-August in Bulford on the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire.  

Figure 73: King Edward’s Horse with the Regimental band on church parade in Bulford in July-August 1913.  

Figure 74: Troopers of ‘A’ Squadron of King Edward’s Horse at camp in Bulford in 1913 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 20: 12, 1952). 

The last camp of the King Edward's Horse was held in Canterbury in the summer of 1914.

Figure 75: Troopers of ‘ of King Edward’s Horse at camp in Canterbury in 1914 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. Number 20: 12, 1952). 

Kings Colonials (KC) Full Dress Uniform 1901-04


One of the most comprehensive descriptions of the uniforms of the King's Colonials appeared in an article by R. J. Smith (see acknowledgement of photographs and annotations) with illustrations by R. J. Marrion in the July 1984 edition of 'Military Modelling' magazine. The following sections sample that description.  

On formation in November 1901, the Officers and Other Ranks of the King’s Colonials adopted a distinctive Full Dress uniform of khaki serge tunic and overalls set off by a garish, tall, high-crowned, drab felt hat which was not dented at the top. The Tyrolean-shaped top hat was set off by a scarlet plume at the front and a broad brim which was turned up and fastened to the left side of the crown. Another unique feature of the top hat was that it bore three badges (see headdress badge section). The plume on the Officer’s hat was made up of scarlet hackle feathers which stood much taller than the simple Hussar-type short brush worn by Other Ranks. Around the base of the top hat was a two-inch scarlet band with a bow on the right-hand side and scarlet cap lines were secured by a spring clip to a ring at the rear of the brim. This style of headdress was worn until 1904.

The Officer’s and Other Rank’s Full Dress uniform was worn with tan wrist gloves and tan Wellington boots for Officers and tan ankle boots and leggings for Other Ranks, all fitted with plated box spurs. Although D. J. Knight and R. J. Smith in their description of the uniform of the King's Colonials note that all ranks wore brown Elcho boots (The Uniforms of the Imperial Yeomanry 1901-1908, The Military Historical Society, Arrow Press, London 2009). The waist belt for all was of brown brindle leather.  A pouch belt of 2 ½ inch brown brindle leather and a brown brindle leather pouch to the rear with a rounded flap was worn by Officers. The pouch belt was adorned with gilt front ornaments consisting of a lion’s head holder with three chains and a whistle. The pouch belt was worn over the Sam Browne belt for parades.

Officers carried swords in a leather scabbards suspended from the Sam Browne belt with a leather sword knot. The Officers are wearing the 1896 Pattern Cavalry Officer's Sword, as one would expect for the time periods. Although only part of Major John Howard's sword can be seen in Figures 304-305, that is an 1896 pattern from the blade shape and period. If newly commissioned Officers after 1912 (King Edward's Horse) did purchase the new pattern, they would have made quite a contrast with their troopers in terms of equipment. Officers did of course have much more latitude to vary from the uniform regulations, so there is no guarantee without photographic evidence.

The Officer’s and Other Rank’s tunic had a stand-and-fall (Prussian) collar with two ¾ inch scarlet cloth rings with pointed ends to the front. The pointed cuffs were piped in scarlet cloth and bore five vertical stripes of ¾ inch scarlet cloth. Each stripe was furnished with a small button at the top edge of the cuff. The tunic was fastened with five larger buttons and bore four breast pockets each fastened with a smaller button. The buttons were gilt for Officers and gilding metal for Other Ranks. The front edge of the tunic was not piped but there was scarlet lancer piping to the back seams. Shoulder chains were mounted on a scarlet cloth backing and were secured by four hooks. A scarlet aiguillette was worn looped across and behind the left shoulder with the pommel ends finishing below the right shoulder.

Other Ranks wore a Boer War pattern, 50-round Mills equipment webbing bandolier diagonally across the left shoulder in place of the Officer’s pouch belts.

Non-Commissioned Officer’s (NCO's) chevrons were of gold lace on a scarlet cloth backing. Khaki skill-at-arms badges were worn on the left cuff on scarlet cloth backings. The overalls had a double scarlet cloth stripe running down the outer seam for Officers and a single scarlet cloth stripe for Other Ranks.

The Regimental badges and buttons of the 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry are described in detail in additional sections.
.

KC Undress Uniform 1901-10


The Undress uniform of the Officers of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry was a Second Pattern, peaked blue cloth forage cap with a scarlet band bearing a gilt Regimental badge, scarlet piping around the crown seam and black patent leather peak and chin strap held in place with two gilt Regimental pattern buttons. Plain blue trousers with turn-ups and black ankle boots completed the Officer’s Undress uniform. Field Officers had a gold embroidered edge to the peak of the forage cap; a blue serge coat with optional shoulder chains with four patch pockets, five gilt buttons to the front, one on each breast pocket and two buttons on each cuff.

The Undress uniform of the Other Ranks of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry was as per the Full Dress uniform except that a khaki forage cap with scarlet band but no piping and a dark brown leather peak and chin strap with brass buttons and a brass Regimental pattern badge. The King’s Colonials were one of the first regiments to be equipped with the khaki forage caps which became widespread throughout the British Army from about 1906. The forage caps were often worn with a white oilskin cover to protect the top of the cap from finger marks and foul weather. This uniform was also worn as Walking Out Order with the addition of a khaki cape, tan leather gloves and a whip. 

KC Service Dress 1901-04


KC Service Dress 1901-04KC Service Dress 1901-04
The Service Dress uniform worn by the 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry from 1901-1904 was of a plain regular cavalry pattern khaki tunic with a stand-and-fall (Prussian) collar and overalls for Officers and Other Ranks. In Officers Service Dress only the Sam Browne belts were worn with the whistle attached to the shoulder brace. The distinctive scarlet cap lines worn by all ranks in Full Dress were dispensed with. From 1901 to 1904 a plain khaki peaked cap was worn with three scarlet welts. Other Ranks wore webbing bandoliers without cartridge covers.

Service Dress was first introduced into the British Army in 1902 and became largely universal from 1903. From 1904, a new khaki Service Dress was adopted with a second pattern, scarlet and khaki peaked cap.

Figure 91: A group from the 1st or 2nd Troop (British African) and 3rd Troop (New Zealand) of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry circa 1904. They are wearing the Service Dress uniform with the second pattern khaki forage cap. The Officer of the 3rd Troop in the centre of the front row is wearing  his Undress uniform with the Australasian Squadron headdress badge. To his immediate left is the Regimental Quarter Master Sergeant wearing a Second Pattern Regimental pattern headdress badge. The Squadron Sergeant Major of the 1st or 2nd Troop with the ‘D’ Squadron (British African) headdress badge is at the very left of the front row. Sergeant MacIntosh is seated second from the right-hand end in the front row. Several of the Other Ranks are equipped with Boer War pattern, 50-round Mills equipment webbing bandoliers.  

Figure 92: Comparison of the King's Colonials tunic and headdress for a Private, Full Dress 1902 (left panel) and Service Dress 1904 (right panel) (D. J. Knight and R. J. Smith. The Uniforms of the Imperial Yeomanry 1901-1908. The Military Historical Society, Arrow Press, London, 2009).

KC/KEH Mess Dress 1901-04


King's Colonials Mess Dress

Officer’s Mess Dress was of a dark blue jacket with a ribbed scarlet silk rolled collar. The lapel badges worn on Mess Dress differ from the small gilt Regimental collar badges shown in Figure 94 as they lack the motto scrolls. The Mess Dress lapel badges are shown in Figure 298. The cuffs were round unlike the pointed cuffs of Full Dress and in a further change from Full Dress had four rather than five stripes of ¾ inch scarlet cloth of equal length without buttons. Shoulder straps were in blue cloth with a single stripe again of ¾ inch scarlet cloth down the centre. Badges of rank were in gold. The jacket was worn with a white Marcella waistcoat and shirt with a black bow tie. The overalls were blue with double stripes in scarlet cloth complimented by black Wellington boots (not tan as with Full Dress) and dress spurs.

Figure 94: King’s Colonials Officer’s Mess Dress 1902-05 (Reproduced with permission of Griff Morgan-Jones).

Other Ranks Mess Dress consisted of a khaki jacket with scarlet silk roll collar upon which was worn a variation of the Regimental badge in gilt (see collar badge section). The cuffs were khaki and pointed with four stripes (unlike the five for Full Dress and Undress) of ¾ inch scarlet cloth without buttons and followed the shape of the cuff. The waistcoat was khaki with three small gilt buttons (see button section) was worn over a white shirt with a black bow tie. The Mess Dress uniform was completed with khaki overalls and black Wellington boots again not tan with Full Dress.

King Edward's Horse Mess Dress

Officer’s Mess Dress was of a dark blue jacket with a ribbed scarlet silk rolled collar. Additional sections provide more information as to the lapel badges worn on Mess Dress which were gilt Regimental collar badges. The cuffs were round unlike the pointed cuffs of Full Dress and in a further change from Full Dress had four rather than five stripes of ¾ inch scarlet cloth of equal length without buttons. Shoulder straps were in blue cloth with a single stripe again of ¾ inch scarlet cloth down the centre. Badges of rank were in gold. The jacket was worn with a white Marcella waistcoat and shirt with a black bow tie. The overalls were blue with double stripes in scarlet cloth complimented by black Wellington boots (not tan as with Full Dress) and dress spurs.

Figure 95: Officers and Other Ranks Mess Dress Uniforms of King Edward’s Horse 1910-24 (Reproduced with permission of Griff Morgan-Jones). 

Other Ranks Mess Dress consisted of a khaki jacket with scarlet silk roll collar upon which was worn a variation of the Regimental collar badge in gilded metal. The cuffs were khaki and pointed with four stripes (unlike the five for Full Dress and Undress) of ¾ inch scarlet cloth without buttons and followed the shape of the cuff. The waistcoat was khaki with three small gilt buttons was worn over a white shirt with a black bow tie. The Mess Dress uniform was completed with khaki overalls and black Wellington boots again not tan with Full Dress. The Other Ranks Mess Dress uniform is shown being worn by Corporal (later Staff Quarter Master Serjeant) Henry Cecil Shaw, 52, 'B' Squadron King Edward's Horse in 1912.

Figure 96: Corporal (later Staff Quarter Master Serjeant) Henry Cecil Shaw, 52, 'B' Squadron King Edward's Horse wearing Mess Dress circa 1912 (Courtesy David Knight). 

KC Full Dress 1905-10


KC Full Dress 1905-10
In 1905, the regimental title was simplified to the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry and a less flamboyant Second Pattern of headdress known as the ‘Sombrero hat’ was introduced for the Full Dress uniform. The Sombrero hat had a significantly reduced crown now in proportion and was a light shade of drab felt with a wide brim bound with drab silk. The brim was curled around the edge sweeping up on the left side.  A scarlet silk puggaree made up of three deep folds was worn around the base.  A plume socket on the left side brim held a plume of long black cock’s feathers which swept down to the wearer’s left shoulder Bersaglieri fashion. The plume of black cock’s feathers was longer for Officer’s relative to that of the Other Ranks. The cap lines disappeared and all bar one of the headdress badges was dispensed with as detailed in a later section. Officer's swords were now carried on parade in a steel scabbard from leather slings beneath the tunic.  

Figure 99: Photograph showing the Second Pattern headdress being worn as part of the Full Dress uniform of the 3rd (New Zealand) Troop of ‘D’ (South African) Squadron of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry mounted circa 1905-06 (David Stewart collection).



KC Full Dress Tunic


KC Full Dress Tunic
The tunic depicted here bears a label with the name MacIntosh on it with a D for 'D' Squadron and SMS for Squadron Quarter Master Sergeant signifying that it belonged to Squadron Quarter Master Sergeant (SQMS) Herbert MacIntosh of the 3rd (New Zealand) Troop of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry. The tunic, trousers and leathers were acquired in New Zealand together with several copies of The King Edwards Horse Senior and Junior Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletins. This style of tunic does not bear breast pockets and buttons.

The manufacturers label sewn into the King’s Colonials’ Service Dress overalls was that of Hobson and Sons of London. Hobson and Sons are still in business today in Golden Grove, London and were a preferred manufacturer of Officer’s and Other Rank’s British and Colonial regimental and ceremonial, uniforms and buttons. It is noted that the uniforms of the Australian Contingent attending the coronation of King Edward VII in 1902 were also manufactured by Hobson and Sons. There may have been other manufacturers of the uniforms of the King’s Colonials which is certainly true for the buttons on their tunics.

The King's Colonials uniform shown was originally accompanied by a New Zealand Squadron water bottle with felt cover and leather strap. The felt cover was marked on the front with 'KC 57' (which is assumed to be SQSM MacIntosh's Regimental Number) and the top of metal stopper marked 'NZ'.

Figure 105: Squadron Quarter Master Sergeant Herbert MacIntosh of the 3rd (New Zealand) Troop of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) of the 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry.  He is wearing his Full Dress tunic (shown in the photographs which follow) and Second Pattern, Sombrero hat (without the plume of cock’s feathers) bearing the New Zealand headdress badge, khaki overalls and tan wrist gloves and leather gaiters. This photograph was taken after his visit to England in 1939 (The King Edwards Horse Senior and Junior Comrades’ Association Annual Bulletin. 15: 22, 1948).   

KC Caricatures


The public interest in the King’s Colonials was considerable thanks to their prominence in many parades and ceremonial occasions coupled with the richness of their Full Dress and Undress uniforms. These two postcards illustrate how the uniforms and demeanour of the King’s Colonials was expressed in caricature.

Figure 112: Postcard of a caricature of a King’s Colonial circa 1906.

Figures 113-114: Front and reverse of a postcard depicting a tongue in cheek caricature of a King’s Colonial posted in 1910.  The sender writes ‘of course no one suggests you look like this’.  

KC Service Dress 1905-10


The Officers and Other Ranks of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry wore the standard British Army Service Dress khaki tunic with a stand-and-fall collar with or without shoulder chains from about 1904. Regulation Service Dress replaced both Full Dress and Undress uniforms for the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry from about 1907 when it became standard uniform for the cavalry and yeomanry. The Officers rank was displayed on the cuff from 1907/08.


KC Bandsman's Uniform 1901-10


The Regiment's Military Band was known as the Band of His Majesty's King's Colonials. Members of the band wore the First Pattern felt hat with the Full Dress uniform but it differed from that of the regular 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry felt hat in that its plume had a white base. The Bandmaster's felt hat is noted by Keith Hook as having a gilt lyre badge below the Regimental badge to the front and turned up side of the headdress with the other band members wearing a Second Pattern Regimental badge in their Full Dress hats and Undress caps as as can be seen in the accompanying photographs with matching collar badges. Sergeant Henry C. Bottle, a clarinetist in the military band of the King Edward’s Horse describes the uniform in The King Edward’s Horse Old Comrades Association Bulletin, Number 32: Cap - Brown with a red band; Jacket – Brown, small gilt buttons, heavy red braid epaulettes and red braid cords with two-pointed gilt metal tabs at end; Belt (Lancer waist belt in King Edwards Horse colours – King Edward VII racing colours); Overalls – Brown with double red stripes; Boots – Black wellingtons inside overalls. The Undress uniform khaki forage cap again differed from that worn by the regular 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry by having a scarlet top of the crown and was worn with a gilt King's Crown lyre badge to the front (similar in style to that worn as worn as a British Army bandsman's arm and cap badge (1902-1952). Interestingly in the photograph taken in 1904 of the band, the Bandmaster has the Second Pattern Regimental badge in his Undress cap (and on his cross belt) as per the other band members. The Bandmaster's tunic is worn with shoulder scales and not the red braid epaulettes and red braid cords with two-pointed gilt metal tabs at end worn by the other members of the band.

His Majesty's band of the King's Colonials/King Edward's Horse released a number of recordings as phonographs and early gramophone recordings including the Chocolate Soldier Waltz (Straus), Teddy Bears Picnic and the Bravada March recorded circa 1910-14.


King Edward's Horse (KEH) Bandsman's Uniform


The King Edward's Horse bandsman's tunic was of khaki cloth with scarlet mohair lace to the collar and cuffs as per the Full Dress tunic of the Officer's and Other Ranks (Figures 130-131). A distinctive feature of the bandsman's tunic was the broad scarlet shoulder cords with the left adorned with a scarlet aiguillette, terminating with metal tangs (these can be seen in the photograph of the band taken in 1913-14 depicted in Figure 132). A pair of King Edward's Horse Regimental collar badges and King Edward's Horse brass buttons are shown on the tunic. The trousers bore a double vertical scarlet stripe. The cap (Figure 131) bears the additional scarlet line to the crown that set it apart from the regular King Edward's Horse service cap as was the case with the King's Colonials Service Dress cap. The badge worn in the cap was the Saxon Crown first pattern KEH headdress badge.

The photograph of the KEH band depicted in Figure 132 shows them wearing the first pattern KEH headdress badge. It clearly shows the distinctive shoulder cords and scarlet aiguillettes of the bandsman's tunics. A number of the bandsman are wearing girdles which were introduced in 1913 which helps date this particular photograph. The bandmaster shown is Quarter Master Serjeant Major Frederic Willet Skepelhorn (see Nominal Roll).

Figure 130: The King Edward's Horse bandsman's tunic circa 1910-14 (Photograph courtesy Stephen Bosley, Bosley's auction catalogue, lot number 865, March 2008).

Figures 131: The King Edward's Horse bandsman's Service Dress cap circa 1913 (Photograph courtesy Victor Taboika).

The band of the King Edward’s Horse as again described by Sergeant Bottle comprised 26 members: Bandmaster, eight Clarinetists, four Cornets, French Horn, Eb Clarinet, Flute, Oboe, Euphonium, Saxophone, two tenor Trombones, one Bass Trombone, Bombardon, Bass Drum, Side Drum and Cymbals.

The band of King Edward’s Horse was led by Quarter Master Serjeant Major Frederic Willet Skepelho 

Figure 132: Band of the King Edward's Horse led by Quarter Master Serjeant Major Frederick Willet Skepelhorn, Bandmaster (second from left) in Undress Bandsman's uniform circa 1913 (R. J. Smith collection). 

KEH Officer's & Other Ranks Full Dress Uniform 1910-14


The Officers and Other Ranks Full Dress uniform (except for the headdress and collar badges and buttons remained unchanged in 1910 when the Regimental title changed to King Edward’s Horse. In 1913, a girdle of gold lancer pattern was introduced for Officer’s Full Dress with two crimson silk outer horizontal stripes and Other Rank’s Full Dress made of web striped ¼” inch yellow, ½ inch in red, 1 inch khaki, ½ inch red and ¼ inch in yellow.

The KEH Other Ranks were equipped with the British 1899 Pattern Cavalry Trooper’s Sword. This pattern sword was introduced on the 19th October 1899, eight days after the Second Boer War broke out. It was intended to be a refinement on the 1890 Pattern, with a slightly shorter blade, greater protection for the hand and a longer grip. Users generally considered it on the heavy side and much more effective in the thrust than the cut: this cemented the growing consensus that cavalry swords should be built entirely for thrusting. Photographs taken on active service show that KEH troopers carried the 1899 Pattern sword into WW1. This was not uncommon for reserve units – the newer 1908 Pattern was issued first and foremost to the regular cavalry and older patterns were retained as long as they were serviceable. The sword shown in the following page is marked with the post-1910 form of the unit’s name, KEH and this combined with its grey-green field paint scheme, makes it even more likely to be one of these WW1-used examples. The sword and scabbard bear different markings and are not an original pair, although their similar condition suggests they have been together a long time. It may well be the case that the regiment used the same swords it was initially supplied with in 1901 as the King's Colonials through to the end of WW1. Photograph and information courtesy of Richard Breislin www.blackthorn-antiques.com


 

KEH Undress Uniform 1910-14


KEH Undress Uniform 1910-14 KEH Undress Uniform 1910-14
The Officers and Other Ranks Undress uniform of King Edward's Horse was as per that of the King’s Colonials (1905-10) except with new Regimental badges and buttons were worn with the forage cap and tunic.  

Figure 142: The Undress uniform tunic of a Sergeant of the King Edward’s Horse with Lancer pattern girdle shown draped over the shoulder.  Noted on the tunic are a khaki proficiency trade badge of a harness maker above a King Edward’s Horse arm badge above gold rank chevrons, a pair of ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) collar badges and brass King Edward’s Horse tunic buttons. The medal ribbons denotes that the wearer had served in the Great War and were awarded the 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and the Victory Medal (Electronic auction site image).

Figure 143: The Undress uniform tunic of a Sergeant of the King Edward’s Horse with a khaki proficiency trade badge of a harness makers above a King Edward’s Horse arm badge above gold rank chevrons, a pair of ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) collar badges and gilding metal King Edward’s Horse tunic buttons circa 1910-14 (Peter Nemaric collection). The harness maker's badge was originally to distinguish the trade of a collar maker but was more broadly used over time for saddle maker,  saddle tree maker and harness maker and is referenced as 3A in Denis Edwards's and David Langley's: British Army Proficiency Badges. The Sherwood Press Nottingham, 1984.   

KEH Service Dress Uniform 1914-18


The Service Dress of the King Edward’s Horse remained unchanged from 1910 through to the disbandment of the Regiment in 1924. This uniform for both Officers and Other Ranks was of standard cavalry pattern of khaki forage cap, tunic and overalls. Shoulder chains were dispensed with for Service Dress.

Officers of the King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse wore the 1896 Pattern Cavalry Officer's Sword, as one would expect for the time periods. Although only part of Major John Howard's sword can be seen in Figures 304-305, this is also an 1896 Officer's pattern from the blade shape and period (Information courtesy of Richard Breislin www.blackthorn-antiques.com). The Officer's swords were privately purchased often with an engraved blade (as shown for an earlier King's Colonial sword of Major Howard in Figures 304-305) and they were also armed with a service revolver. The Webley Revolver (also known as the Webley Top-Break Revolver or Webley Self-Extracting Revolver) was the most common pistol carried by Officers. The Webley is a top-break revolver and breaking the revolver operates the extractor, which removes cartridges from the cylinder. The Webley Mark IV rose to prominence during the Boer War of 1899–1902 and would have been carried in 1914 and was replaced by the Mark VI in 1915. Firing large .455 Webley cartridges, Webley service revolvers are among the most powerful top-break revolvers ever produced. Other Ranks were equipped with .303 SMLE Mark 1 rifles and 1903 pattern, Mounted Infantry leather 50 round bandoliers. The leather bandolier was 50 inches long and 3.25 inches wide and held 50 .303 cartridges. It was made up of four sections each x ten cartridges, plus one section x six cartridges and one section x four cartridges. Towards mobilisation for war in 1914, Other Ranks were equipped with the 1908 pattern cavalry sword which was basically the same as the Officer's 1912 pattern cavalry sword with a plain blade and simpler grip and guard. The Officer's 1912 pattern and Other Ranks 1908 pattern cavalry swords were described as 'cut and thrust' weapons with a blade length of 34 3/4 inches which with an extended sword arm could counter a lance or rifle bayonet.

The Officer's of the King Edward's Horse wore a standard tunic with brass KEH buttons instead of bronzed OSD buttons with Sam Browne belt and cloth rank badges (single crown of a Major) on the shoulder lapels. The tunic shown in Figures 145-147 is of a Staff Officer with red gorget patches to the front lapels of the tunic.

Figures 145-147. Staff Officer's (Major) Service Dress tunic 1914-18 (courtesy of Victor Taboika).

2KEH Service Dress Uniform


As a unit raised only for service during the Great War they did not wear a Full Dress uniform. The Officers and Other Ranks of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse wore standard cavalry pattern khaki Service uniforms with and without shoulder chains and Undress khaki uniforms. Khaki forage caps were worn with a 2nd King Edward’s Horse Regimental headdress badge. Box spurs and puttees were worn by Other Ranks. As a war-raised unit, the Service Dress uniform of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse was all that was functionally required. The Service Dress uniform was not distinct from that of the Full Dress uniform. There are no records of Mess Dress for the 2nd King Edward’s Horse and as a unit raised for service in the Great War it is unlikely there was a Mess Dress uniform.

Badge Manufacture


The headdress badges of the King’s Colonials and later as King Edward’s Horse (the ‘Regiment’) have been extensively copied. The Regiment was a volunteer unit and the uniforms, headdress and collar badges were all privately purchased and are of a superior quality and finish. Copies of the Regimental headdress badges although generally of an inferior quality and finish can be difficult to distinguish from an original badge without experience. This is especially the case when looking at badges offered for sale on the internet where the images may not show the fine details particularly well. There is no real substitute for having the actual badge in your hand for close-up examination under a magnifying loop. To date the Regiment’s collar badges, shoulder titles and buttons do not appear to have been copied. All the examples of collar badges and shoulder titles examined to date have been of a high quality and lacking imperfections in their finish and loop attachment that commonly occur when badges are copied. Anecdotally, the collar badges and shoulder titles unlike headdress badges are much harder to find being offered for sale, consistent with them not having been copied.

Purchasing headdress badges of the Regiment without provenance and/or from other than a reputable dealer without close inspection is not recommended unless you are buying a copy to perhaps use as a representative badge or gap filler.

A significant problem with authenticating headdress badges to the Regiment is to determine what are correct reference sets of genuine badges to compare them with. It is possible that pattern cards exist (or existed) for the badges of the Regiment. Figure 163 shows a collection of the Regiment’s headdress and collar badges from the J. R. Gaunt & Son Ltd Pattern book circa 1904 on a red background. This set was sold a number of years ago by John Burridge Military Antiques, Australia. These headdress badges have a distinctive gilt finish and are Officer’s badges except for the later King Edward’s Horse headdress badge (bottom left hand corner) which was worn by Other Ranks. The collar badge in the top left hand is also an Officer’s gilt badge whereas the collar badge towards the centre is gilding metal and is assumed to be an Other Rank’s collar badge. This set was originally sold at auction in the United Kingdom in 2011 by auctioneers Dix Noonan Webb.

Figure 163: A collection of King’s Colonials and King Edward’s Horse headdress and collar badges from the J. R. Gaunt & Son Ltd. Pattern book on a red background (Photograph courtesy of John Burridge Military Antiques, Australia).

A collection of the Regiment’s headdress and collar badges and shoulder titles was donated by R. C. Whittock to the National Army Museum (Figure 164) and were described in an article by him (R. C. Whittock: The Military Historical Society, XVII: 61-65, 1967). These badges also have a distinct gilt finish or yellow brass finish.

Figure 164: A collection of King’s Colonials and King Edward’s Horse headdress, collar badges and shoulder titles donated by R. C. Whittock to the National Army Museum on a black background (Photograph courtesy of Griff Morgan-Jones).

Several of the King’s Colonials headdress and collar badges in the authors collection were part of a display set of badges manufactured but not marked by Firmin of London. To date the only other maker ascribed, genuine Regimental headdress or collar badges that have been noted are the first pattern King Edward’s Horse headdress badge (annotated as number 14) made by the Goldsmiths and Silversmiths and Co. London in the collection of W. Y. Carman (a respected author and authority on British badges and military uniforms), illustrated in Figure 165 and the King Edward's Horse Officers circlet pattern headdress and collar badges in bronze. A Jennens & Co London marked Officer's circlet headdress badge is shown in Figure 338 and Figure 339 shows one marked by Firmin London. Officer's Circlet collar badges are also maker marked by Jennens & Co London. Given that the Regiment was predominantly based in London in addition to Goldsmiths and Silversmiths, Jennens & Co and Firmin it is likely that other manufacturers of genuine King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse badges are likely to include J. R. Gaunt & Son and Bent & Parker.

Figure 165: The W. Y. Carman collection of King’s Colonials and King Edward’s Horse headdress and collar badges with the annotations of R. J. Smith (R. J. Smith collection).

Many of the King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse badges featured on this website came from Keith Hook's original collection. Photographs of these actual badges were used by Arthur L. Kipling and Hugh L. King for their treatise 'Head-dress Badges of the British Army 1800-1918: v.1'.  The badges featured were for the most part Officer's gilt examples.  I have only seen a handful of examples outside of this collection and these have been in auction lots shown on the following page. 

Identification


One of the most extensive collections of Australian military badges was amassed by Bob Gray from 1927 and donated to the Army Museum of South Australia in the 1980s. This collection contained several genuine King’s Colonials and later King Edward’s Horse headdress and collar badges, a shoulder title and buttons (Figure 166).  A number of collections of King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse headdress and collar badges have been sold at auction in the UK including a fine set by Dix Noonan Webb in 2011 shown in Figure 167.  

Figure 166: The Bob Gray collection of King’s Colonials and King Edward’s Horse headdress and collar badges, shoulder titles and buttons (Photograph courtesy of a Sydney collector). 

Figure 167: A collection of King’s Colonials and King Edward’s Horse headdress and collar badges (Courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb auctioneers, UK). 

The determination that a King’s Colonials headdress badge is genuine example requires a thorough examination of the badge. The characteristics that can be used to help determine if a King’s Colonials headdress badge is genuine or a copy are the metal finish of the badge; the sharpness of the badge details; the type and position of the fastening loops; the appearance of the solder used to braze the loops to the rear of the badge; and the size and weight of the badge. The key characteristic is the relative sharpness of the finely detailed features on the badge. The sizes and weights of badges are not stated in this analysis as to retain key information which may otherwise allow for more accurate copying of badges. It should not be understated that these characteristics are only a guide and are by no means definitive or exhaustive.

The headdress and collar badges of the King’s Colonials were manufactured by either die-striking sheet brass using male (rear side) and female (front side) dies or by die-casting with a single female die. Die-struck badges have detail present on both the front and rear surfaces of the badge whereas die-cast badges have detail only on the front of the badge with a semi-flat or flat back.

Copies of the headdress badges of the King’s Colonials have been made using the genuine manufacturing dies or copies of them. A female die for the Australasian Squadron headdress badge (see later section) was noted as having sold on an electronic auction site and this die was marked with the badge maker’s name of Lambourne & Co Birmingham and 'Trial'. Lambourne's are known to have made badges for the War Department from 1915 onwards and only a single Imperial Yeomanry shoulder title bearing their makers mark has been identified as a pre-war badge hence it is very unlikely that this die was original for a badge made from 1902 onwards.

Figure 168: Copy of an Australasian Squadron badge (left) produced from a copy of a female manufacturing die marked Lambourne & Co Birmingham (right) sold on an electronic auction site. 

This is a spurious mark as badge making dies were not maker marked. Over time the surface of the dies becomes worn through continued striking and so copy badge have less well-defined lines and blurred edges to the detailed features on the badges on both die-struck and die-cast copies. Some die-struck copies lack the voids present on genuine badges to the extent that some of the poorest copies have no voids at all.

As was the practice with many other Regiments, Officer’s badges and buttons of the King’s Colonials have a gilt (gold wash) finish whereas Other Ranks were manufactured in brass or gilding metal. Other Rank’s headdress and collar badges of the King’s Colonials were initially made using yellow-brass replaced over time with gilding metal. Yellow-brass is the term used to describe badges made with 67% copper and 33% zinc. Gilding metal was defined in the British Army Dress Regulations of 1904 as being eight parts copper to one part zinc (War Office: Dress Regulations for the Officers of the Army (Including the Militia). London: HMSO, 1904. Gilt badges are a rich golden colour whereas gilding metal badges are a duller brass colour.

The identification of headdress badges is based upon the use of Arthur L. Kipling and Hugh L. King’s ‘Headdress Badges of the British Army. Volume I; up to the end of the Great War’ (Frederick Muller Ltd., London, 1978) and follows the numbering system commonly attributed to them for example as KK xxxx. Collar badges are referenced against Colin Churchill and Ray Westlake’s ‘British Army Collar Badges’ (London: Arms & Armour Press Limited, 1986) and similarly follows their numbering system as Churchill and Westlake Ref No xxx. Shoulder titles are referenced against Ray Westlake’s ‘Collecting Metal Shoulder Titles’ (London: Leo Cooper, 1969) as Westlake Ref No xxx. Buttons are referenced against Howard Ripley’s ‘Buttons of the British Army, 1855-1970: An illustrated guide for collectors’ (London: Arms & Armour Press, 1979) and Howard Ripley's and Denis Darmanin’s ‘Yeomanry Buttons 1830-2000’ (The Military History Society Special Number 2005) as Ripley and Darmanin Ref No xxx.

As a unit, the King’s Colonials did not see service in the Second Boer War, however, most references on military badge dealer sites refer to their headdress badges as being Boer War slouch hat badges. The Colonial unit links to the Boer War provide a misleading connotation.

Authentication


AuthenticationAuthentication
One of the key considerations with determining whether a King’s Colonial headdress badge is genuine or not is in relation to what type of loops it has. The loops used to fasten the King’s Colonials badges to the uniform on genuine badges were made of copper wire and were brazed onto the back of the badge by hand. These loops have a shank with an end which has the same or only marginally greater, cross-sectional area as the shank itself.

Figure 169 shows a selection of different loops used in the manufacture of badges by J. R. Gaunt & Sons in London from a salesman’s catalogue circa 1904 (Rob Miller: British and Commonwealth Badge Forum). Several of these loops have small feet and several have no feet at all. Copies of King’s Colonials headdress badges that have been made from the genuine dies have been finished off by brazing on loops with a different shape than the genuine loops. The loops on copy badges (Figure 170) have a broader base with a larger contact area on the rear of the badge as compared with genuine loops (Figure 171). The loops on copies are often referred to as being footed.

The issue of knowing what is a genuine badge to use as a reference again comes into play. I have been fortunate to acquire a number of original King's Colonials Officers gilt and Other Ranks gilding metal badges which came from a collection started in the 1940s before their was large scale copying of badges from the original dies. The badges in this collection are actually the Regimental and Squadron headdress badges of the King's Colonials and the Regimental badges of the King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse which were loaned to Arthur L. Kipling and Hugh L. King for photographing when they were preparing their 'definitive' reference book ‘Headdress Badges of the British Army. Volume I; up to the end of the Great War’ (Frederick Muller Ltd., London, 1978). These badges serve as a reference set. Additionally, the King’s Colonials collar badges have not been copied to date and the loops on these badges were produced in the same period as would genuine headdress badges. Close examination of forty or so King’s Colonials collar badges reveals that none have broad-footed loops. The conclusion which can be drawn from this is that genuine King’s Colonial headdress badges should lack broad-footed loops.

The brazing solder on genuine badges was of the same basic composition of the badge with a golden braze on Officer's badges and a yellow-brass on Other Ranks badges which is often darkened with age more so than the golden braze of Officer's badges. This is because the solder was made from the trimmings, filing or sawdust produced during the manufacture of badges from sheet brass. The solder was sparingly applied to genuine badges but sufficient to hide any trace of the base of the loop and often extends into the gap between the two arms of the loop. On copy badges the solder rarely covers the footed loop especially those with more pronounced broad feet. The types of loops and solder used on genuine headdress badges is difficult to fully validate given the inherent difficulty in authenticating a genuine headdress badge as a reference. However, the type of loop and solder used on collar badges which have not been copied serve as a surrogate for the headdress badges. Hence, the photographs and images of King’s Colonials headdress and collar badges which follow generally include an angled view of the rear of the badge to more clearly show the loops and brazing solder.

Figure 169: Selection of different loops used in the manufacture of badges by J. R. Gaunt & Sons in London from a salesman’s catalogue circa 1904-08 (Courtesy of Rob Miller: British and Commonwealth Badge Forum).  

Figure 170: Close-up of a non-footed loop with golden braze between the arms of the loop and at its base on a genuine badge and a footed loop on a copy badge. 

 
Contemporary photographs serve as a guide as to what was worn and when provided of course the photographs themselves are or can be dated. However, the quality of the strike and details of the loop positions on badges cannot be determined from photographs of them being worn unless it is an exceptionally high resolution portrait photograph.
 

Headdress Badges on the First Pattern Hat


The 1901-05 King’s Colonials Full Dress felt hat shown in Figures 172-173 was unique in bearing three badges: a first pattern Regimental badge (KK 1370) on the front crown of the hat, below that a second pattern Regimental badge (KK 1371) for Officer's of the Regimental Headquarters (Staff Officers) or a unique Squadron badge (KK 1372-1376) for Squadron Officer's and Other Ranks plus a second pattern Regimental badge (KK 1371) worn on the side of the hat. This combination of badges would have been worn in gilt for Officers and in gilding metal for Other Ranks. An exception to this was that the Bandmaster wore a gilt lyre badge in place of both second pattern Regimental badges as noted by Keith Hook and David Knight (Journal of the Military Historical Society, 251:70-78, 2018).  

Figure 172: Close-up photographs of the first pattern Regimental headdress badge (KK 1370) above the second pattern Regimental headdress badge (KK 1376) with additional second pattern Regimental badge on the upturned side brim on the first pattern King’s Colonials Full Dress Officers felt hat circa 1903. 

This array of badges can be fully appreciated by examining Figure 173 which is a colour photograph of the bush hat (less plume) worn by King George V’s (Colonel-in-Chief of the Regiment) in 1911. This bush hat is adorned with three gilt badges; a first pattern Regimental badge and two second pattern Regimental badges. As noted above, this combination of badges would have been worn by Officers of the Regimental (Headquarters) staff hereafter referred to as Regimental Staff Officers.

The first pattern Regimental headdress badge was only worn in the period 1901-05 on the first pattern Full Dress felt hat and the newly introduced khaki Service Dress cap. The first pattern Regimental headdress badge was superseded in 1905 with the introduction of replacement forms of headdress, a second pattern Full Dress bush hat and the Service Dress cap. The badges on these forms of headdress were either the second pattern Regimental headdress badge for Regimental Staff Officers and Squadron headdress badges for the Officers and Other Ranks of the Squadrons.

Squadron headdress badges were worn by both Officers (gilt) and Other Ranks (gilding metal) of the Squadrons on both patterns of the Full Dress hat and Undress caps from 1902-1910.

Figure 173:  The bush hat worn by King George V adorned with three King’s Colonials headdress badges circa 1911 © National Army Museum, Accession Number, NAM. 1963-05-3-1.

Figure 174: The first pattern Regimental Officer's headdress badge (KK 1370) in gilt above the second pattern Regimental Officer's headdress badge (KK 1376) in gilt with additional second pattern Regimental Officer's headdress badge (KK 1376) in gilt on the right hand side as worn on the first pattern King’s Colonials Full Dress Officers felt hat circa 1902-04. 

First Pattern Regimental Headdress Badge - Genuine & Copy


The first pattern Regimental headdress badge is in the form of the complete arms of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales (St Edward's Crown) above his motto Ich Dien (I serve), above a title scroll reading "The King’s Colonials" (KK 1370) in gilt for Officers and gilding metal for Other Ranks. This badge was only worn on the front crown of the first pattern Regimental felt hat from 1901-1904. An interesting observation about this badge is that it is adorned with St Edward's Crown and motto which is appropriate as the Prince of Wales was the Honorary Colonel of the King's Colonials, however, several badge reference sources incorrectly describe it as being the Queen Victoria Crown and hence the wrong period for a post-1901 badge.  

A genuine example of the first pattern Regimental headdress Officer's badge (KK 1370) is shown in Figure 175. It is a die-struck Officer’s headdress badge in gilt with east-west positioned copper loops.  The loops lack broad feet and have gold braze running down their stem and into their base. The badge retains its original rich gilt finish which is a glowing golden hue. It is beautifully made with a very crisp strike with sharp details to all the features with no blurring of the margins of the garter strap letters for example. This was the actual badge used by Arthur L. Kipling and Hugh L. King’s as KK 1370 in their book ‘Headdress Badges of the British Army. Volume I; up to the end of the Great War’ (Frederick Muller Ltd., London, 1978).

The first pattern Regimental Officer's headdress badge would be expected to be the least abundant of all of the King's Colonials headdress badges given the short date range it was worn together with the limited numbers of Regimental Staff Officers who would have worn it.

Figure 175: A genuine first pattern Regimental King’s Colonials Officer’s headdress badge in gilt (KK 1370) worn 1901-1904.  

A genuine example of the first pattern Regimental headdress Other Ranks badge (KK 1370) in gilding metal is shown in Figure 176. It is a die-struck Other Ranks headdress badge in gilding metal with copper loops positioned east-west again without broad feet and similarly with gold braze running down the stem and into the base of the loops. This badge is a very crisp strike with sharp details to all the features with no blurring of the garter strap letters.

Figure 176: A genuine first pattern Regimental King’s Colonials Other Ranks headdress badge in gilding metal (KK 1370) worn 1901-1904.  

Copies of the first pattern Regimental King’s Colonials Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1370) can be found in either white or gilding metal. An example of a copy badge in gilding metal is shown in Figure 177. There are no genuine examples known in either silver of white metal. The majority of copies have footed loops and the Unicorn's tail is often non-voided. They are a poorer strike than genuine badges and lack the crisp detail of the chain and lettering on the title scroll and garter strap. There are clear differences in size and weight between genuine examples and copies of the first pattern Regimental King’s Colonial headdress badge.

Figure 177: A copy of the first pattern Regimental King’s Colonials Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1370) in darkened gilding metal with footed loops and non-voided Unicorn's tail (KK 1370). 






Second Pattern Regimental Headdress Officer's Badge


Second Pattern Regimental Headdress Officer's BadgeSecond Pattern Regimental Headdress Officer's Badge
The second pattern Regimental headdress badge bears the 'KC' cypher surmounted by Prince of Wales’s plumes and coronet all resting on a tri-part scroll inscribed “Regi Adsumus Coloni” (Colonials venturing for the King) (KK 1371). This badge was worn beneath the first pattern Regimental badge on both the front and on the turned-up, left brim of the first pattern Full Dress felt hat by Officer’s of the Regimental Headquarters staff from 1901 to 1905. It was also worn on the front of the Undress uniform first pattern forage cap from 1901 to 1905 by Officers of the Regimental Headquarters staff as shown in Figure 184.  

Figure 184: Close-up image from the group photograph in Figure 91 of the second pattern, Regimental headdress badge (KK 1371) being worn on the Undress peaked cap with matching collar badges by the Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant of the King’s Colonials circa 1905 (Courtesy of David Knight).

From 1905, the second pattern Regimental headdress badge was worn on the turned-up side of the second pattern Full Dress bush hat and on the front of the Undress second pattern peaked service cap by Officers of the Regimental Headquarters Staff. In 1909-10, when the Squadron badges were abandoned as the Dominion associations and designations were lost (as noted in the section on the Regimental history), they were said to have been replaced by the second pattern Regimental headdress badge (KK 1371) on the Full Dress bush hat and Undress peaked service cap. The photographic evidence, however, supports that the Squadron badges were worn up until the Regiment became the King Edward's Horse in 1910 and then King Edward's Horse headdress badges were worn from that time onward.

Kipling and King state that the second pattern Regimental badge (KK 1371) were made in gilt, bronze, and gilding-metal and in two sizes. The reference to two sizes is of interest. Kipling and King noted that the second pattern Regimental badge worn on the upturned side of the Full Dress headdress was smaller than the one worn on the front of the headdress and that this smaller version of the badge was worn on the front of the Undress forage and peaked caps. To date, no genuine examples of different sizes of this headdress badge have been identified. The Officer's pouch belt badge is the same size as the headdress badge as shown in Figures 185-6, however, a small version of this badge was worn on the Officer's pouch as shown in Figures 286-287 which is the same size as an Officer's collar badge. It could have been this smaller sized pouch badge which Kipling and King were referring to.

Second pattern Regimental headdress badges are found in either gilt or bronze metal finishes for Officers and in gilding metal for Other Ranks. Figure 185 shows a genuine second pattern Regimental headdress badge in Officer's gilt. The badge is die struck and of exceptional quality with three loops that lack feet. Additional examples of Officer's badges in both gilt and bronze finishes are shown on the following page.

Second Pattern Regimental Officer's Headdress Badge


Examples of the second pattern Regimental badge of the King's Colonials in gilt and bronze finishes are shown here. Badges with the bronze finish were intended for wear as Officer's Service Dress. One of the Regimental Officer's in the the group photograph in Figure 122 (circa 1907) is wearing a darkened second pattern Regimental headdress badge in his Undress cap.

Figure 187 shows two genuine second pattern Regimental Officer's headdress badges (KK 1371) in die-cast gilt with loops. The left-hand badge has a flat back and the right-hand badge a flat back with a recess behind the plumes and pinched loops. The badge with pinched loops was part of a display set made by Firmin & Sons, London.

Figure 188 shows a genuine second pattern Regimental Officer's headdress badge (KK 1371) in gilt and fitted with four blades for attaching to the Full Dress hat or Undress or Service Dress Cap. 

A pair of genuine second pattern Regimental Officer’s headdress badges (KK 1371) in die-cast bronze and fitted with three or four blades are shown in Figure 189. 


Second Pattern Regimental Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Genuine and Copy


Second Pattern Regimental Other Ranks' Headdress Badge -  Genuine and CopySecond Pattern Regimental Other Ranks' Headdress Badge -  Genuine and Copy
A genuine second pattern Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1371) in gilding metal is shown in Figure 190. This badge is die struck and has three loops that lack feet. The strike is very crisp and the lettering is very distinct at the edges.  

Figure 191 is a copy of the second pattern Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1371) in die struck, gilding metal with two loops.

This copy has only two lower loops which are positioned east-west and lacks the third loop normally positioned behind the Prince of Wales' feathers. The badge is a poor strike relative to a genuine badge lacking the detail especially with the lettering of the motto. Another characteristic of poorer copies of this badge are the quality of the void at the base of the Prince of Wales feathers with voided/cut away area between the feather quills being irregular in shape and instead of being between the quills on the genuine example it cuts into the quills on poor copies. Copies of the second pattern Regimental headdress badge (KK 1371) in gilding metal are also known with a slider fitted to the rear behind the Prince of Wales' feathers. Based on my experience, sliders were not fitted to any genuine King's Colonials headdress badges.

The quality of the strike, differences in weight and size, the number, positioning and broad footed loops (or sliders) are collectively characteristics of copies of second pattern Regimental headdress badges.


Second Pattern Regimental Officer's Emroidered Headdress Badge


Second Pattern Regimental Officer's Emroidered Headdress BadgeSecond Pattern Regimental Officer's Emroidered Headdress Badge
Shown in Figure 193 is a second pattern Staff Officer’s Regimental King’s Colonials Regimental badge embroidered in gold on a scarlet ground with garter-blue scrolls. This badge was worn from 1904-1910 on the Sombrero hat as shown in Figure 194. The wearing of bullion badges for yeomanry regiments of the Edwardian period is well documented.  

Figure 193: A genuine embroidered second pattern Regimental King’s Colonial headdress badge as worn by Staff Officers (in the style of KK 1371).
 

Figure 194: Photograph of the embroidered second pattern Regimental King’s Colonial headdress badge as worn by a Staff Officer (in the style of KK 1371) on the second pattern Sombrero hat (Noted and also pictured in Keith Hook and David Knight: The Badges, Titles and Buttons of King Edward’s Horse. Journal of the Military Historical Society. 251:70-78, 2018). 

Regimental Collar Badges - First Pattern - Other Ranks


From 1901 until 1905 the Other Ranks of the King’s Colonials wore a pair of unique Regimental collar badges with a ‘KC’ monogram inter-twined in gilding metal. These collar badges were worn as a non-opposing pair as shown in Figure 196 in a close-up image of Private Angel. These collar badges are referenced by Churchill and Westlake as 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry first pattern in gilding metal (Churchill and Westlake  Ref No 114) and are shown in Figure 263. A stylised version of this collar badge is also depicted in an Edwardian-period Gaunt catalogue.

Figure 196: Close-up image of the first pattern Regimental Other Ranks collar badges of the King’s Colonials (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 114) being worn by Private Angel circa 1904 (Courtesy David Knight).

The first pattern Regimental collar badges were manufactured as die-struck badges with a flat back in gilding metal and are fitted with north-south copper loops as shown in Figure 197.

Figure 197: First pattern Regimental Other Ranks collar badge of the King’s Colonials (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 114) worn 1901-05.

As a distinction of Other Ranks attached to the Regimental Headquarters (1901-05), the first pattern die-struck collar badges were worn with square-shaped, scarlet backing cloths. These cloth backed collar badges can be seen in the photograph of Private Angel (Figure 196). These also featured in part of the Colin Churchill collection, sold by C & T Auctioneers in November 2015 (Figure 197).

Figure 197: A pair of first pattern Regimental Other Ranks collar badges in gilding metal with scarlet backing cloths worn by when attached to the King’s Colonials Regimental Headquarters (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 114) among a selection of King's Colonials and later King Edward's Horse collar badges from an auction lot of part of the Colin Churchill collection (Images reproduced with kind permission C&T Auctioneers, United Kingdom).


Regimental Collar Badges - Second Pattern


On formation in 1901 until 1910 the Officers of the King’s Colonials wore pairs of second pattern Regimental collar badges (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 115). These collar badges are a smaller version of the second pattern, Regimental headdress badge (KK 1371) worn with the Officer’s Full Dress, Undress and Service Dress uniforms as shown in Figure 199. These collar badges bear the Prince of Wales feathers atop inter-twined the letters KC above the motto.

Figure 199: Close up photograph of an Australasian Squadron Officer of the King' Colonials showing the second Regimental Pattern collar badges circa 1904.

Officer’s wore these collar badges in gilt and a pair are shown with an Officer's second Regimental pattern headdress badge in Figure 200. These collar badges are semi-die cast with a flat back with an indent at the bottom of the Regimental motto scroll. This pair of collar badges have gilt loops but flat backed Officer's collar badges are noted with copper loops again positioned north-south. Also shown in Figure 200 is a single bronzed flat backed die cast second Pattern Regimental collar badge. These were made to be worn as Officer's Service Dress and match an OSD headdress badge as shown in Figure 189. There was another example of this bronzed collar badge in the Colin Churchill collection sold in 2015.

Figure 200: A pair of second pattern Regimental Officer’s headdress and collar badges (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 115) semi-die cast in gilt with an additional collar badge in bronze.

There are also examples of the second pattern Regimental collar badges in die struck gilding metal as shown in Figure 201. It is my opinion that these gilding metal collar badges were worn by the Regimental Serjeant Major and senior NCOs of the Regimental Headquarters staff.

Figure 201: A pair of second pattern Regimental Officer’s headdress and collar badges (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 115) in die cast gilding metal.






Squadron Headdress and Collar Badges


Squadron Headdress and Collar BadgesSquadron Headdress and Collar Badges
On the hat-band of the first pattern, tall-felt hat introduced in 1901 and worn until 1905, all Squadron members wore a distinctive Squadron headdress badge. These were worn in gilt for Officers and gilding metal for Other Ranks. Figure 196 shows the headdress badges of the Squadrons in Officer's gilt as: ‘A’ (British Asian) elephant; ‘B’ Squadron (British American) beaver; ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) kangaroo on a backing of ferns when it was a combined Australian and New Zealand Squadron; ‘D’ Squadron (British African) ostrich; later 'C' Squadron (Australian) kangaroo (Other Ranks gilding metal) and the short lived 'E' Squadron (New Zealand) fern badge which once disbanded in 1903 continued to be worn by the 3rd New Zealand Troop of ‘D’ Squadron. The Squadron badges were worn on the front of the second pattern Regimental Full Dress Sombrero hat from 1905-1910. They were also worn on the Undress and Service Dress first and second pattern caps from 1901-1910.

Figure 196: Photograph of the Squadron badges of the King's Colonials. These are Officer's badges in gilt with the exception of the Australian Squadron kangaroo which is an Other Ranks badge in gilding metal. 

The King’s Colonials group photograph (Figure 197) shows five different Squadron headdress badges being worn, many with matching pairs of collar badges.

Figure 197: A group of Officers and Other Ranks from all of the different Squadrons of the King’s Colonials Imperial Yeomanry showing the second pattern Forage Cap in khaki with a white cap cover circa 1906-07. The Officer, second from left in the middle row is denoted as a Field Officer as he bears gold braid to the peak of his forage cap. Captain Sir Hamar Greenwood (later Viscount Greenwood), ‘B’ Squadron (British American) is third from the left in the rear row holding a cane (Peter Nemaric collection).

From 1905, the first pattern Regimental collar badges worn by Other Ranks were replaced by Squadron collar badges of a similar pattern to the Squadron headdress badge. Officers continued to wear the second pattern Regimental collar badges.

The Squadron collar badges were worn as facing pairs with the heads of the Australian kangaroo, Asian elephant, Canadian beaver and African ostrich all facing inwards. The tips of the New Zealand Squadron fern leaf on their collar badges face outwards. The loops on genuine collar badges also lack broad feet. The one notable exception to the wearing of matching collar badges was the Australasian Squadron. Photographs of Troopers of ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) do not show them to be wearing a collar badge modelled on the Australasian Squadron headdress badge (KK 1376). There has been no photographic evidence identified of Australasian collar badges being worn nor have any ever appeared on the market or in private or publicly available collections. Contemporary photographs show that the Australasian headdress badges were either worn without collar badges or with the first pattern Regimental inter-twined KC collar badges or with the later Australian Squadron collar badges.

In 1909, the term "Colony Squadrons" was abolished and consequently the wearing of Squadron headdress and collar badges was to be discontinued. All ranks were now to wear the smaller King’s Colonials second pattern Regimental headdress badge (KK 1371) on the bush-hat and the newly introduced khaki service dress cap with matching second pattern Regimental collar badges. I have seen no photographic evidence of these badges being adopted by all ranks.  Squadron collar badges continued to be worn beyond the change of title of the Regiment from King’s Colonials to King Edward’s Horse in 1910. There are several photographs of members of the King Edward’s Horse wearing the former Squadron collar badges. Additionally, the King Edward’s Horse tunic shown in Figure 142 has a pair of the ‘C’ Squadron collar badges (KK 1376) with a King Edward’s Horse headdress badge as a NCO arm badge and KEH buttons.

The King’s Colonials Squadron headdress and collar badges are arguably among some of the most iconic and emblematic badges worn within the British Dominions. The choice of native animals as icons of the senior members of the Dominions was fitting as the members of the King’s Colonials were recruited from Dominion residents in Great Britain amidst the patriotic fervour evoked by the Second Boer War.




British Asian Squadron Headdress Badges


British Asian Squadron Headdress BadgesBritish Asian Squadron Headdress Badges
The headdress and collar badges of 'A' (British Asian) Squadron are as described for the headdress badge by Kipling & King (KK) with the badge reference number:

‘Depicted a large (Asian, short-eared) Elephant with a palm-tree background and a scroll at the base inscribed British Asian, the two words divided by a star and crescent. In brass’ (KK 1373).

The ‘A’ Squadron headdress badge is shown being worn with matching collar badges in Figure 208.

Figure 208: Portrait photograph of the ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1373) and matching collar badges being worn by Squadron Sergeant Major C. H. Cooke circa 1905-1909.

A genuine ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) Officer's headdress badge in die cast gilt is shown in Figure 209. This headdress badge is of exceptional quality and has loops which lack feet.


British Asian Squadron Headdress & Collar Badges


A significant distinction between the genuine headdress badge in Figure 211 and the copy in Figure 212 is the positioning of the loops. On this copy they are incorrectly positioned relative to genuine examples of this Squadron headdress badge. Another readily identifiable feature on copies of the ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) headdress badge is that the tip of the elephant’s trunk is not voided where it curls back up towards the head. On the genuine badge in Figure 211 the trunk is voided. The quality of the strike particularly the voided sections like the trunk, positioning of the loops and differences in the weight and sizes can all be used to differentiate between genuine and copies of the ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) headdress badge.

There are three distinct irregularly-shaped voids between the bottom of elephant’s stomach and the tops of the trees. These three voids are often not present on poorer quality copies which have been incompletely struck from the old dies. The lines on the elephant’s body and detailed folds where the ear meets the head are sharp and clearly defined on the genuine badge but are blurred and less-well defined on the copy in Figures 212-213 and on additional copies. There are also a pair of curved skin folds on the left-hand side of the belly of the elephant on the genuine badge which are absent on the copies. Poorer quality copies also do not have a distinct void between the elephant’s tail and its hindquarters. The stars at the ends of the scroll are also very distinct on genuine badges and are less angular on poorer quality copies.

A pair of genuine 'A' Squadron (British Asian) collar badges are also shown in Figure 211. They are die struck in gilding metal with copper loops positioned east-west and were worn as a facing pair. There is a continuous void between the elephant’s stomach and the tree tops. The curl of the elephant’s trunk is voided but the tail and hindquarters are not.

Figure 211: A genuine ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1373) with matching collar badges all in gilding metal.

Figure 212: A copy of an ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1373) in gilding metal. 

An additional copy shown in Figure 213 is marked to the rear as being silver, which it is not, and has blades as to suggest it is an Officer’s headdress badge. Silver or white metal headdress badges were not worn by the King's Colonials.

Figure 213: A copy of an ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) headdress badge (KK 1373) in white metal and marked silver to the reverse and fitted with attaching blades.

An ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) headdress badge in white metal with east-west loops and a non-voided tail has also been noted. It was sold as a commemorative badge and is also a copy.




British American Squadron Headdress Badge


‘A beaver with a maple-leaf background and a scroll at the base British American. Officers and senior NCOs in gilt, Other Ranks’ in brass’ (KK 1374).

The ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Other Ranks’ headdress badge is shown being worn with matching collar badge(s) in Figure 214 and by several senior NCOs in Figure 215.

Figure 214: A group of a King’s Colonials Staff Officer with ‘B’ (British American) Squadron senior NCOs circa wearing Undress uniforms with second pattern forage caps circa 1907. A number of them are also wearing the headdress badge as a NCO's arm badge above their rank chevrons. Regimental Sergeant Major Daniel Fegan, (Regimental number 13 KC and 274 KEH) is stood at the rear left, wearing his Khedive Star and Egypt medals. A number of the NCOs are wearing cloth marksman's badges on their lower left sleeve, the NCO rear centre has a farrier's trade badge above his NCO arm badge. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant J. E. K. Bynoe, 1 is seated at the left in the middle  row (Courtesy David Knight).

Figure 215: A group of King’s Colonials Regimental Staff Officers and ‘B’ (British American) Squadron Officers and senior NCOs circa wearing Undress uniforms with second pattern forage caps circa 1906. The Officer second from the left in the second row is a Field Officer as he bears gold braid to the peak of his forage cap. Regimental Sergeant Major Daniel Fegan, (Regimental number 13 KC and 274 KEH) is stood at the rear, second from the right wearing his Khedive Star and Egypt medals. Sergeant Sydney Harris is seated at the front right. He and the Sergeant to his left are both wearing cloth marksman's badges on their lower left sleeve. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant J. E. K. Bynoe, 1 is seated at the right in the second row (Courtesy David Knight).

Figure 216 shows a pair of genuine ‘B’ Squadron Officer’s headdress badges, the left hand side example is die cast and the other is die struck, both are gilt with non-footed loops positioned east-west at the same attachment points on both badges.  The edges of the maple leaves on both badges are sharp and finish at distinct points and the vein details are very crisp.

British American Squadron Headdress & Collar Badges


Figure 217 shows a genuine ‘B’ Squadron Officer’s headdress badge which is semi die-cast gilt with three blades remaining from the original two sets of attaching blades. One set of blades is located at the base of the maple leaf and the other at the ends of the title scroll. The edges of the maple leaves on this badge are sharp and finish at distinct points and the vein details are very crisp.

Figure 217: A genuine example of a ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Officer’s headdress badge (KK 1374) in gilt with three of the four original blades to the rear. 

Figure 218 shows a genuine ‘B’ Squadron Other Rank's headdress badge with a pair of collar badges. The Other Rank's headdress badge is die-struck gilding metal with non-footed loops that are positioned east-west. The collar badges are die-struck in gilding metal with copper loops positioned north-south.

Figure 218: A genuine example of a ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Other Rank's headdress badge (KK 1374) in gilding metal with a pair of collar badges in gilt and gilding metal.

Figure 219 shows a copy ‘B’ Squadron Other Rank's headdress badge in darkened gilding metal with footed loops.

Figure 219: A copy of a ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Other Rank's headdress badge (KK 1374) in darkened gilding metal.

Australasian Squadron Officer's Headdress Badge - Genuine


‘A kangaroo on a rising-sun with a fern-leaf in the foreground and a scroll at the base inscribed Australasian.  In brass’ (KK 1376).

The ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge is shown being worn in Figure 226 which is a close-up image from a King’s Colonials group photograph (Figure 116). The Australasian headdress badge was not worn with matching collar badges and as can be seen in Figure 226 it was generally worn without collar badges. The exception to this is shown in Figure 228 where the Australasian headdress badge is being worn with the later Australian 'kangaroo' collar badges.

Figure 226: Close-up image of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) headdress badge (KK 1376) being worn circa 1905 from the group photograph in Figure 116.

The Australasian Squadron headdress badge was worn from 1901 and appears in several photographs of the King’s Colonials at that date. There are notes in several publications as to this King’s Colonials badge being the first depiction of the Rising Sun motif on a badge associated with the Australian Military Forces. This is, however, not correct, as it has been established by Lieutenant Colonel Vernon that Lieutenant H.J. Cox Taylor was the first Staff Officer of the Australian Rifles in 1897 and he designed their badge and it used the Rising Sun as a backdrop to the crown to symbolise that ‘The Sun Rising Over the Crown of The Empire on Which It Never Sets’ (Sabretache: Journal of the Australian Military Historical Society, 7:21-23, October, 1959). Lieutenant Cox Taylor subsequently submitted the rising sun and crown as a design of the badge for the newly formed Australian Commonwealth Horse in January 1902 following Australia’s Federation in 1901. The design was accepted and once re-drawn it became the badge of the Australian Imperial Forces and the Rising Sun remains the device used by the Australian Army today.

A genuine ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Officer's headdress badge is shown in Figure 227. This badge has very clear fine details to the front and rear of the badge from a quality strike in rich gilt and non-footed loops with brazing solder of the same tone as the rear of the badge.

Figure 227: A genuine ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Officer's headdress badge (KK 1376) in die cast gilt with east-west, non-footed loops. 

As noted above, the King's Colonial photographed in Figure 228 is wearing the Australasian headdress badge with a pair of kangaroo collar badges. These kangaroo collar badges can be attributed to ‘C’ Squadron after it had become an entirely Australian Squadron in 1904 after the New Zealanders has left to temporarily form a separate ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand). The Australian kangaroo collar badges were then worn with the introduction of the ‘C’ (Australian) Squadron headdress badge in 1905 and are detailed in a later section.

Figure 228: Close-up image of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Officer’s headdress badge (KK 1376) being worn with a pair of Australian Squadron collar badges circa 1905 from the group photograph in Figure 209  (Iain Davidson collection). 




Australasian Squadron Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Copy


Examples of a genuine and a copy of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge are shown in Figures 229-230. Compared with the genuine badge in Figure 229, the copy badge has a darkened metal finish unlike the gilding meal finish of the genuine example. The copy also lacks the fine lines on the sun’s rays and leaves, and the background of the Australasian scroll is seeded on the front but the seeding does not carry through in the striking to the rear of the badge, and has footed loops.

The ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) headdress badge is one of the most difficult to authenticate among the King’s Colonials badges. In the late 1970's copies of this badge first really became apparent to collectors in Australia mainly as a result of the increased numbers of examples appearing on dealer's mail order lists and at militaria shows. An article by K.R. White from 1980 notes that copies of this badge were of a copper gold irregular colour relative to the light gold finish of die-struck genuine badges (Sabretache: Journal of the Australian Military Historical Society, 21 (3):14-15, July-September, 1980). Although die-struck the copy in the article lacked the fine detail of the genuine and was of a different size.  

As with all King's Colonials headdress badges the quality of the strike is very good guide to whether the badge is genuine or not as is the position of the loops and their lack of feet. As noted on the first of three copies the lack of seeding is a characteristic of the badge not being genuine. Collectively these are important characteristics that can be used to help differentiate between a copy and a genuine ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) headdress badge. In my own opinion, the most readily identifiable and reliable feature on a genuine example are the fingers on the front paws of the kangaroo which can clearly be seen in Figure 241 (left image) as individual fingers versus the copy in Figure 242 (right image) with clubbed and indistinguishable fingers.

Figure 241, left image: Close-up image of the fine detail of the fingers of the front paw of the kangaroo of the genuine 'C' Squadron (Australasian) headdress badge.

Figure 242, right image: Close-up image of the lack of fine detail of the clubbed front paw of the kangaroo of the copy 'C' Squadron (Australasian) headdress badge.



Figure 229: A genuine ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1376) in gilding metal with east-west, non-footed-loops.

Figure 230: A copy of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1376) in darkened gilding metal with east-west, footed-loops.

Australian Squadron Headdress and Collar Badges


The Australian Squadron headdress and collar badges depict a kangaroo on a scroll inscribed Australia.  In brass (KK 1375).

In 1903, upon formation of the ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand), ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) was left with an entirely Australian make-up. It was re-named the ‘C’ Squadron (Australian).

The ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) headdress badge is shown being worn in Figure 256.

Figure 256: Close-up image of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) headdress badge (KK 1375) taken from the group photograph of mounted King’s Colonials (Figure 121) (Iain Davidson collection). 

Figure 257: Close-up image of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) collar badge on a post-1910 King Edward's Horse tunic collar (Peter Nemaric collection). 

Australian Squadron Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Genuine


I have been unable to identify an Officer's gilt example of this badge. Figure 257 is a genuine Other Ranks’ headdress badge in gilding metal. The headdress badge is die struck and has copper loops which lack feet and are positioned north-south. The quality of the strike is very good with fine detail evident on the front and rear of the badge.

Figure 257: A genuine ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1375) in gilding metal with north-south loops. 

An additional example of the Australian Squadron Other Ranks headdress badge is shown in Figure 258. This headdress badge is shown with a pair of Australian Squadron Officer's gilt collar badges. The collar badges are die-struck in gilt with service wear to their front surfaces and have north-south gilt loops without feet. These collar badges were worn as a facing pair.

Figure 258: A genuine ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1375) in gilding metal with Officer's gilt collar badges. 

Unlike bronzed OSD versions of the 'A' Squadron (British Asian), 'B' Squadron (British American) and 'E' Squadron (New Zealand) collar badges, a bronzed OSD version of the 'C' Squadron (Australian) collar badges has not been noted.

Australian Squadron Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Copy


Australian Squadron Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - CopyAustralian Squadron Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Copy
The copy in Figures 259 has a coppery appearance and is a poor quality die-struck badge with north-south loops which are footed. The loops are often positioned east-west on copy badges.
 
Figure 259: A copy of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1375) in gilding metal with north-south loops. 

A comparison of the close-up of the head and jaw bones on the genuine badge shown in Figure 257 and the copy in Figure 259 shows them to be much broader on a genuine badge than on an example of a copy.  

Figure 260: Close-up of a genuine example (upper) and a copy (lower) of the ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1375).

British African Headdress & Collar Badges


The British African headdress and collar badges bear an ostrich with a background of mountains and a scroll at the base inscribed British African.  In gilt, bronze and brass finish (KK 1372). This badge has a similar background design to the Australasian Squadron headdress badge.

The headdress badge and matching collar badges worn by ‘D’ Squadron (British African) are shown in the close-up image (Figure 244) taken from the group photograph of King’s Colonials (Figure 121).

Figure 244: Close-up image of the ‘D’ Squadron (British African) headdress badge (KK 1372) worn by several Other Ranks with the Private on the right hand end wearing matching collar badges.

The headdress badge shown in Figure 245 is a genuine Officer’s headdress badge which is a die struck in rich gilt with loops also in gilt positioned east-west which lack feet.

Figure 245: A genuine ‘D’ Squadron (British African) Officer’s headdress badge (KK 1372) in gilt.

The headdress badge shown in Figure 246 is a genuine Officer’s headdress badge from the Firmin display set. It is a die struck badge in rich gilt with loops also in gilt positioned east-west which lack feet.

Figure 246: A genuine ‘D’ Squadron (British African) Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1372) with matching pair of collar badges all in gilding metal. 

The pair of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) ostrich collar badges shown in Figures 246 are die-struck in gilding metal and were worn as a facing pair. They have copper loops which lack feet and are positioned east-west.

As with the bronzed OSD versions of the 'A' (British Asian), 'B' (British American) and 'E' (New Zealand) Squadron collar badges, in my collection I have a pair of bronzed OSD  'D' Squadron (British African) collar badges.

British African Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Copy


British African Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - CopyBritish African Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Copy
The ‘D’ Squadron Other Ranks' headdress badge shown in Figure 247 is a copy.  The strike of the badge is poor with the badge surface being relatively flat and missing the pronounced raised ground the ostrich is standing on found on genuine examples. One of the loops has prominent feet.  

Figures 247: A copy of a ‘D’ Squadron (British African) Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1372) in gilding metal with footed, east-west loops.

Copies of the 'D' Squadron headdress badge typically are a poor strike with a lack of the fine lines around the eye and neck. The majority of copies have footed loops. There are notable differences in size and weight between original badges and copies.

As described for the second pattern Regimental headdress badge examples are known in bronze for wear with Officer's Service Dress (OSD). Figure 248 shows a bronze genuine ‘D’ Squadron (British African) Officer's headdress badge (KK 1372) with matching pair of collar badges all in bronze again for wear with Officer's Service Dress. I have not been able to find photographic evidence of bronze Squadron headdress or collar badges being worn by the King's Colonials.

Figure 248: A genuine ‘D’ Squadron (British African) Officer's headdress badge (KK 1372) with matching pair of collar badges all in bronze.

New Zealand Headdress & Collar Badges


The ‘E’ Squadron – (an entirely New Zealand Squadron) headdress and collar badges depict a fern-leaf inscribed with the letters NZ.  In brass (KK 1377).

The silver fern headdress badge first appears in photographs of the Kings’ Colonials at their annual camp in St. Albans in the summer of 1904. In 1903 an attempt to create an entirely New Zealand ‘E’ Squadron proved unsuccessful due to insufficient numbers of New Zealanders being recruited. By the summer of 1904, the New Zealanders constituted the 3rd Troop of ‘D’ Squadron (British African).

The ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) headdress badge is shown being worn in Figure 250.

Figure 250: The ‘E’ (New Zealand) Squadron headdress badge (KK 1377) and matching collar badges being worn by a group of New Zealand Squadron Officers and Other Ranks circa 1907. Serjeant Herbert MacIntosh is seated third from the right with the marksman badge to his left sleeve. (Photograph courtesy of Dave Stewart).

Figure 251 shows the New Zealand collar badges on a King's Colonials tunic collar as worn by Serjeant Herbert MacIntosh circa 1907.

Figure 251: The New Zealand collar badges on a King's Colonials tunic collar as worn by Serjeant Herbert MacIntosh circa 1907.

Figure 252 shows a genuine ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) Officer's headdress badge in gilt. The headdress badge is die struck and has prominent full stops after the letters N and Z and the veins on the silver fern leaf are sharp and crisp. The east-west positioned loops are an old replacement with pairs of wire loops.

Figure 252: A genuine ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) Officer's gilt headdress badge (KK 1377) with an old replacement of the loops with pairs of wire loops. 
 

New Zealand Other Ranks' Headdress Badge - Copy & Officer's Collar Badge


Figure 253 shows a genuine ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) (or later 3rd (New Zealand) Troop, ‘D’ Squadron (British African)) Other Ranks headdress badge and matching pair of collar badges all in gilding metal. The headdress badge is die struck and has prominent full stops after the letters 'N' and 'Z', and the veins on the silver fern leaf are sharp and crisp. The copper loops are positioned east-west and are lacking feet.

Figure 253: A genuine ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1377) with a matching pair of collar badges. 

The 'E' Squadron (New Zealand) collar badges were worn as a facing pair with the tips facing outwards. The pair of collar badges shown in Figure 253 are die-struck in gilding metal and have copper loops positioned east-west.

A copy of the ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) headdress badge is shown in Figure 254. This copy is a very good strike but has loops with broad feet.

Figure 254: A copy of an ‘E’ Squadron Other Ranks’ headdress badge (KK 1377) in gilding metal with east-west loops.  

In addition to gilding metal Other Ranks collar badges for the New Zealand Squadron these can be found in both gilt and bronze for Officers. A gilt ‘E’ Squadron collar badge is shown in Figure 255. This is an Officer’s collar badge with its rich gilt finish. The collar badge is die-cast badge with a flat back.

Figure 255: An example of a genuine ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) Officer's collar badge (in the style of KK 1377) in fire-gilt (David Stewart collection).

The ‘E’ Squadron headdress and collar badges are sometimes confused with several different patterns of fern leaf badges worn by New Zealand Volunteer Officers who formed part of the Second Boer War contingent and by New Zealand Permanent Staff. These fern leaf badges have differently shaped leaf stems, dimensions, loop positions and some but not all patterns lack the full stops after the letters 'N' and 'Z '.

Serjeant Sydney Harris (shown in Figure 200) who joined ‘B’ Squadron (British American or Canadian) in 1905 states that because there was no special Squadron for New Zealanders (from 1904) they could wear a fern badge to indicate their Nationality. New Zealand fern headdress and collar badges were worn by members of the 3rd Troop of ‘D’ Squadron (British African).


Squadron OSD Collar Badges


In the Colin Churchill collection there were two pairs of die-struck ‘A’ (British Asian) Squadron and 'B' (British American) Squadron collar badges in bronze with east-west copper loops (Figures 205-206) together with a single ‘E’ (New Zealand) Squadron cast bronze collar badge. An example of another New Zealand Squadron bronze collar from my own collection is shown in Figure 207. On a previous page, there is a photograph of my pair of bronze collar badges for the British African Squadron with a matching headdress badge in bronze. Bronze collar badges have not been identified for the Australian Squadron. The bronze British African Squadron headdress badge is the only bronze Squadron badge I have seen to date but it is possible that examples exist for the other Squadrons. As already noted, these bronze badges were for wear with Officer's Service Dress (OSD).

The Colin Churchill collection also contained a single King’s Colonials second pattern Regimental collar badge in bronze with a flat back and I have shown my own example earlier. There is photographic evidence of the bronze second pattern Regimental headdress badge being worn but not bronze Squadron badges.

Figure 205: Front and rear images of a ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) Officer’s collar badge in bronze (Images reproduced with kind permission C&T Auctioneers, United Kingdom).

Figure 206: Front and rear images of a ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Officer’s collar badge in bronze (Images reproduced with kind permission C&T Auctioneers, United Kingdom).

Figure 207: Front and rear images of an 'E' Squadron (New Zealand) Officer's collar badge in bronze with a flat back.



NCO Arm Badges - 'A', 'B' & 'C' Squadrons


To the best of my knowledge, the wearing of arm badges by some Squadron Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) of the King’s Colonials in the same pattern as the Squadron headdress badges has not been previously documented. A photograph of Squadron Sergeant Major C. H. Crooke of 'A' Squadron (British Asian) shows the side profile of his 'elephant' arm badge being worn above his rank chevrons on his right arm (Figure 277). He is wearing his Sergeant Major's crown above his arm badge.  

Figure 277: Squadron Sergeant Major C. H. Cooke of ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) wearing an 'A' Squadron (British Asian) headdress pattern badge above his rank chevrons circa 1905-09.  SSM Cooke is wearing the Egypt medal (1882-1889) with a single clasp (13 possible) and the Khedive's Star (1882-1891).

A close-up image of the Squadron Quarter Master Sergeant and the Squadron Sergeant Major from the group photograph of ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Officers and Senior NCOs circa 1905-06 (Figure 215) show arm badges being worn above the rank chevrons of their right sleeves (Figure 278). The Squadron Sergeant Major wears his Sergeant Major's crown above his arm badge. The front of these arm badges appears identical to the Squadron headdress badges.

Figure 278: Close up image of ‘B’ Squadron (British American) Sergeant wearing 'B' Squadron (British American) headdress pattern badge above his rank chevrons as a Senior NCO arm badges taken from the group photograph in Figure 209 circa 1905-06 (Peter Nemaric collection).

Arm badges were also worn by some NCOs in 'C' Squadron (Australasian) as can be seen in the photograph of Sergeant MacIntosh in Figure 56. A close-up image (Figure 279) of this Squadron from a photograph at annual camp (Figure 90) shows that they were worn by the rank of Corporal and above. Figure 282 in the next section shows the later Australian Squadron headdress badge being worn as an NCOs arm badge.

Figure 279: Close up image of a ‘C’ Squadron (Australasian) Corporal at annual camp in 1903 (from Figure 50) wearing a 'C' Squadron (Australasian) Headdress pattern badge as an NCO’s arm badge above his rank chevrons.


NCO Arm Badges - 'D', 'E' &'C' Squadrons


The wearing of arm badges by NCOs of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) may be evident in Figure 274.

Figure 280: Photograph of a group of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) Troopers at annual camp in 1904 with two Sergeants wearing what appears to be 'D' Squadron (British African) headdress pattern badges above their rank chevrons as NCO's arm badges. The shape of the badge looks slightly different on the angle of the photograph and it may be that these are trade badges and not NCO's' arm badges.  

Figure 281 shows an NCO's arm badge of ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) on the tunic of Sergeant MacIntosh. The arm badge is die-struck gilding metal with non-footed loops. It is of the same size as that of the headdress badge.

Figure 281: An NCO's arm badge of ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) on the tunic of Sergeant MacIntosh.

Photographic evidence of the ‘E’ Squadron (New Zealand) arm badge actually being worn by an NCO has not been identified.

A close up from the postcard from the annual camp of the KEH at Aldershot in 1911 (Figure 70) shows that the Serjeant is wearing his KEH Regimental pattern cap badge (likely to be the first pattern 'Saxon' crown variety KK 1506) as they changed to this pattern of headdress badge with the name change from King's Colonials to KEH in 1910. What is fascinating is that he is wearing an Australian 'C' Squadron headdress badge as his NCOs arm badge (KK 1375) and what looks to be matching Australian 'C' Squadron collar badges.

It is the first photograph I have found of this Squadron headdress badge (1905-1910) being worn as an NCOs arm badge. This is not when he was a pre-1910 King's Colonial and wearing a Squadron headdress badge but after he should have changed over to a KEH headdress and KEH NCOs arm badge. The wearing of Squadron collars with KEH headdress badges is well represented in photographs on this website but not NCOs arm badges.

To me this illustrates the pride they showed in their Squadrons and iconic badges of the Dominions they represent.

Figure 282: An NCO's arm badge being worn by a Serjeant of ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) King Edward's Horse from  a close up of Figure 70.

Unlike other yeomanry or cavalry senior NCO arm badges it is interesting that the King’s Colonials wore an arm badge of the same size and pattern as the headdress badge. It is also likely that these arm badges have the same fixing loops as the headdress badge. The tradition of cavalry and yeomanry senior NCOs wearing arm badges above or on their rank chevrons started in the late 19th century and is carried on today (Linaker, David and Dine, Gordon: Cavalry Warrant Officers And Non-Commissioned Officers Arm Badges. Military Historical Society, London 1997).

Officer's Pouch Belt Badges


A close-up image (Figure 283) of Captain Hamar Greenwood of ‘B’ Squadron (British American) shows him wearing a pouch belt with a second pattern Regimental pouch belt badge (in the style of KK 1371) between the lion’s head holder with three chains and a whistle.

Figure 283: Close-up image of the pouch belt badge being worn by Captain Hamar Greenwood (later Viscount Greenwood) of ‘B’ Squadron (British American) circa 1907. His ‘B’ Squadron (British American) headdress (KK 1374) and matching collar badges can clearly be seen.

The Officer’s and senior NCOs pouch belt, pouch and fittings are detailed in Figure 284. The second pattern Regimental pouch belt badge was finished in gilt and was attached using three screw posts. The pouch belt badge was the same size as the headdress badge and the pouch itself bore a smaller size second pattern Regimental badge in gilt attached using two screw posts as shown in Figure 285. This badge is the same size as an Officer's second pattern Regimental collar badge and is of the same manufacture with a flat back. Pouch belt and pouch badges are usually attached using screw posts as is the later King Edward's Horse pouch badge shown in Figure 344.

Figure 284: Close-up image of the Officer's Full Dress brown brindle pouch belt and smaller pouch badge worn 1901-1910 (R. J. Smith collection).

Figure 285: Officer's Full Dress pouch belt badge and smaller pouch badge as worn 1901-1910.

Gilding Metal Shoulder Titles


Shoulder titles were worn by the King’s Colonials on both Full Dress, Undress and Service Dress directly on the tunic or on shoulder chains as shown in Figure 283.  

Figure 289: Close-up image of the KC shoulder title worn by an NCO of ‘B’ Squadron (British American) from the King’s Colonial group photograph (Figure 215) circa 1905-06 (Peter Nemaric collection).

The first type of shoulder titles worn were the letters ‘KC’ in gilding metal (Figures 290-291). These have loops positioned east-west which lack feet. This pattern of shoulder title is referenced, but not illustrated or numbered in Westlake under King Edward’s Horse. This pattern of shoulder titles were worn from 1901-10.
 
Figures 290-291: Pair of King’s Colonials shoulder titles in gilding metal with loops. 


White Metal Shoulder titles


A white metal version of the letters ‘KC’ has also been noted (Figure 292). This shoulder title is the same size and style of the gilding metal version and is unlikely to be a copy. The white metal version has attaching loops positioned east-west. It is plausible that the white metal shoulder titles were worn by the King’s Colonials for ceremonial occasions such as the Coronation of King Edward VII in August 1902. It is difficult to distinguish between white metal and gilding metal shoulder titles in period photographs.

Figure 292: A King’s Colonials shoulder title in white metal shown with gilding metal title for comparison.

There is also a larger version of the King’s Colonials shoulder title badge again in white metal (Figures 293-294). This shoulder title has separate letters attached to two bars with north-south loops but closely resembles the pattern of the regular King’s Colonials shoulder titles. This larger pattern shoulder title could also have been produced and worn for ceremonial occasions and again is unlikely to be a copy.

Figures 293-294: Front and rear images of a pair of large King’s Colonials shoulder titles in white metal. One retains its ‘original’ backing cloth (Patrick Birley collection).

KC Tunic and Cap Buttons


KC Tunic and Cap Buttons
The King’s Colonials Full Dress and Service Dress tunic breast and cuff buttons were in gilt for Officers and brass for Other Ranks. They are referenced as Ripley Ref No 419 for the cuff button and as Ripley and Darmanin Ref No 140 for the tunic button under KEH. They are of the same design as the second pattern Regimental badge with the Prince of Wales’s plumes over ‘KC’ letters and Regimental motto “REGI ADSUMUS COLONI”. A selection of different size King’s Colonials buttons are shown in Figure 295.

Officer's gilt buttons are noted by Keith Hook as being rimmed and in three sizes and different makers: 26mm QVC wreath and Firmin; 20mm QVC wreath and Firmin, and Hobson; and 16mm QVC wreath and Firmin. He has also noted Other Ranks buttons as an brass un-rimmed 26mm Hobson, 20mm Hobson, 18mm brass rimmed with a blank back and a 15mm blank back.

Ripley and Darmanin note that there are also white metal King’s Colonials tunic buttons. These would be consistent with the white metal King’s Colonials shoulder titles noted in Figure 286 thought to have been manufactured and worn for ceremonial occasion/s. To date I have not seen a white metal King's Colonial button. A further note from the authors describes a domed button with silver Regimental device on gilt which may have been for an Officer’s cap or Mess Dress. This actual button is shown at the bottom of Figure 295 and it is a three-piece button with the white metal Prince of Wales’s plumes over ‘KC’ letters and Regimental motto “REGI ADSUMUS COLONI” pinned to the front of the sealed back button. The button measures 16mm.

Figure 295: King’s Colonials Officer's and Other Rank's brass tunic breast and cuff buttons (Ripley and Darmanin Ref No 140) with a King's Colonials Officer's cap or Mess Jacket bi-metal button by Firmin & Son.

Mess Dress Lapel Badges & Buttons


Mess Dress Lapel Badges & Buttons Mess Dress Lapel Badges & Buttons
The King’s Colonials Officer’s Mess kit was a dark blue jacket with rolled, ribbed collar of scarlet silk which bore small gilt badges. These Mess Dress badges were intertwined ‘KC’ letters of the same design used for the first pattern Regimental Collar badges, surmounted by the Prince of Wales’s plumes but lacking the Regimental motto. David Knight and Keith Hook (Journal of the Military Historical Society. 251:70-78, 2018) describe two different sized Mess Dress lapel badges and the badges that they describe are shown in Figure 298. These badges measure 27mm in length and the other 21mm. The larger examples have an indent behind the centre of the plume whereas the smaller one is flat backed. The loops are positioned north-south on these badges. The larger Mess Dress badges are believed to have been worn by Officer's and the smaller badges by senior NCOs. Figure 96 show the smaller pattern Mess Dress lapel badges being worn by a King's Colonial senior NCO.

Unlike the Full Dress and Service Dress tunics, the Mess Dress cuffs were rounded with four rather than five, equal length stripes of ¾ inch scarlet cloth without buttons.

Figure 298: Two different size King’s Colonials Mess Dress lapel badges.

An Officer’s Mess Waiters tunic breast and cuff buttons have also been identified for the King’s Colonials and these are shown in Figure 299. Unlike tunic buttons, Mess Waiters buttons were not officially sanctioned and were chosen by the Officers of the Regiment. The King’s Colonials Mess Waiters buttons bear the inter-twined letters ‘KC’ in script within the Garter strap surmounted by St Edward’s crown. The tunic breast and cuff buttons are gilt, convex in shape and measure 27 and 17mm in diameter, respectively. They are open backed with a back mark of Firmin London for the larger tunic breast button and the smaller cuff button is unmarked.

 Figure 299: King’s Colonials Mess Dress tunic breast and cuff buttons in gilt (Ian Baker collection).

Figure 300: A pair of the larger sized King’s Colonials Mess Dress lapel badges.

Sweetheart Badges - Regimental


King’s Colonials sweetheart badges are commonly brooched versions of their collar badges. The first example of these is shown in Figures 301 which is a brooched (north-south) version of a die-struck, second pattern Regimental collar badge (as per Figures 271-272). There are also similar versions of the flat backed, die cast, Officer's second pattern Regimental collar badge worn with an east-west brooch fitting as a sweetheart badge. Another example, the rear of which is shown in Figure 303 is a brooched 'A' Squadron (British Asian) collar badge.

Figure 301: Rear image of a brooched version of a die-struck, second pattern Regimental collar badge worn as a Regimental sweetheart badge. 

Another type of sweetheart badge is in the form of a cravat pin (Figure 302) similarly fashioned from a flat-backed, die-cast, Officer’s second pattern Regimental collar badge (Figures 269-270). This is the second of these cravat pins that I have seen and this may not be surprising as cravat pins were popular items of an Edwardian gentleman’s attire. These are not converted collars as there are no stumps from loops having been once attached but were made as sweetheart badges from the casting moulds of the collar badges.

Figure 302: Composite image of the front and rear of a King’s Colonial cravat pin fashioned from a flat-backed, die-cast, Officer’s second pattern Regimental collar badge. 


Figure 303: Rear image of a brooched version of a die-struck ‘A’ Squadron (British Asian) collar badge worn as a Regimental sweetheart badge. 

Regimental Devices on Swords


The sword of Major John Howard who commanded ‘B’ Squadron (Canadian) of the King’s Colonials and later King Edward’s Horse (1902-1913) is shown in Figures 304-305.  

The Officers shown in Figures 76 -78, 97 and 98 are wearing the 1896 Pattern Cavalry Officer's Sword, as one would expect for the time periods. Although only part of Major John Howard's sword can be seen in Figures 304-305, it is also an 1896 pattern from the shape of the blade (Information courtesy of Richard Breislin www.blackthorn-antiques.com).

Major Howard's sword bears the Regimental device in the style of the second pattern Regimental headdress badge (KK 1371). It was made by John Chalk and Dawson of London and bears Major Howard’s initials JH.

Figures 304-305: Upper section of the sword blade of Major John Howard of ‘B’ Squadron (Canadian) of the King’s Colonials and later King Edward’s Horse (1902-13) and the Regimental motif from the sword (Peter Nemaric collection).

Figure 306: King’s Colonials regimental motif on an Officer or NCOs cane (Photograph courtesy Paul Liddell, UK).  

KEH BADGES - OVERVIEW


There are three different patterns of the King Edward’s Horse headdress badge. The first and second patterns differ in the style of the crown on a large shield badge and the third pattern is a small circlet design referred to hereafter as the circlet pattern. These three patterns of headdress badges were all worn with pairs of matching collar badges as shown on this page (Figures 307-09) with the badges described and depicted on the following pages.

The first and second pattern King Edward's Horse headdress badges were in gilt for Officer's Full Dress, in bronze for Officer's Service Dress and gilding metal for Other Ranks. These are large badges which depict a shield of the Royal Standard to the centre of a wreath of oak and laurel that bears the names of the Commonwealth countries involved, surmounted by the Royal Crest. Beneath the Crown there is a scroll bearing the title and to the lower edge the motto and tablet "KODR" for the King’s Overseas Dominion Regiment (KK 1506).

The first pattern headdress badge shown being worn in Figure 307 is surmounted with a distinctive ‘spikey’ Saxon Crown not found on any other headdress badge worn by the British army. This badge was referred to as the Goldsmiths & Silversmiths pattern by collectors from the 1940s as the trial badge for this pattern was made by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths of London as noted in the collection of W. Y. Carman (labelled as badge 14 in Figure 171). This badge was worn with a matching pair of Saxon crown collar badges of the same design as the headdress badge.

Figure 307: The first pattern King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1506) in gilding metal worn by Private Jim Kerr, 379 circa 1914 (Peter Nemaric collection).

The crown on the second pattern headdress badge (Figure 308) is a regular Imperial crown synonymous with the period 1902-1952 and is generally referred to as the King's or Imperial crown. This headdress badge was most often worn with first pattern collar badges but I have a single collar badge in the second pattern with an Imperial crown.

Figure 308: Portrait photograph of Private John (Jack) Ryther Steer Bowker, 8 showing the second pattern King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks headdress badge (KK 1507) © Imperial War Museum (HU 118517).

The third pattern King Edward's Horse headdress (Figure 309) and collar badges were only worn by Officer's and was for wear on Service Dress. These headdress and collar badges were small circlet badges bearing the KEH cypher surrounded by the Regimental motto and were only produced in bronze for officer's Service Dress.

Figure 309: Major Humphrey Swann of King Edward’s Horse wearing an Officer’s circlet headdress badge (KK 1509) with a pair of second pattern collar badges in non-voided bronze ©Imperial War Museum (HU 118798). 

The first pattern headdress badges were worn from the re-naming of the Regiment to King Edward's Horse in 1910 until at least 1916. The second pattern headdress badge was worn from 1916 by Other Ranks and the circlet pattern by Officer's from 1916.


First Pattern Officer's SERVICE DRESS Headdress & Non-Voided Collar Badges


The Officers of the King Edward's Horse adopted the first pattern headdress badge (KK 1506) in bronze for Service Dress. An example of this badge is shown in Figure 310 on a Bandsman's Service Dress cap.

Figure 310: A first pattern King Edward's Horse Officer's headdress badge (KK 1506) on a Bandsman's Service Dress Cap circa 1913. This particular badge is secured to the cap with loops and is believed to be original to the cap (Victor Taboika collection).

The Officer's version of the first pattern headdress badge can be found fitted with blades or loops (Figure 312) and was worn with a pair of bronzed collar badges (Figure 311) which are either voided or non-voided (Figures 312 and 314) with east-west or north-south copper loops.

Figure 311: Portrait photograph of Lieutenant Colonel C. Harding KCMG, King Edward's Horse showing the non-voided first or second pattern collar badge ©Imperial War Museum (HU 120500).

Figure 312: A first pattern King Edward's Horse Officer's headdress badge (KK 1506) die cast in bronze with north-south loops and a pair of non-voided first pattern collar badges, one that is die struck cast in bronze and the other die cast in gilding metal with the front surface bronzed, both with north-south loops circa 1910-16.



First Pattern Officer's Service Dress Headdress Badge & Voided Collar Badges


First Pattern Officer's Service Dress Headdress Badge & Voided Collar BadgesFirst Pattern Officer's Service Dress Headdress Badge & Voided Collar Badges
Figure 313: Portrait photograph of Lieutenant A. J. Mackintosh showing the voided King Edward’s Horse collar badges (Churchill and Westlake Ref No 116) ©Imperial War Museum (HU 117631).


Figure 314: A first pattern King Edward's Horse Officer's headdress badge (KK 1506) die cast in bronze with folded east-west blades and a pair of voided collar badges, one that is die cast in bronze and the other die struck in gilding metal and with the front surface bronzed both with north-south loops circa 1910-16.




First Pattern Officer's and Other Ranks Headdress & Collar Badges



Officers of the King Edward's Horse in Full Dress wore the first pattern headdress badge with matching collar badges which were either voided or non-voided again all in yellow brass. The first pattern collar badges with Saxon Crown as of the style of the voided headdress badge (KK 1506) are referenced as Churchill and Westlake Ref No 116 in yellow brass. In photographs of King Edward’s Horse dating from 1910 like Figure 316 senior NCOs in Full Dress wore first pattern King Edward's Horse headdress badges (and as senior NCOs arm badges) with original King's Colonials Squadron collar badges reflecting their pride in their Dominion heritage and service with the former King's Colonials. The King Edward's Horse collar badges are only being worn by the Quarter Master Serjeant Major on the far left and these look to be yellow brass.

Figure 316:  'B' Squadron (British American) senior NCOs in walking out order (Full Dress) circa 1911 (Courtesy David Knight).

Two different examples of the Other Ranks first pattern headdress badge and matching collar badge/s are shown in Figures 317 and 318. The headdress badges are die-struck with north-south or east-west loops. To date, I have not come across a version of the first pattern headdress badge (KK 1506) with a slider fitting.

Figure 317: A genuine first pattern King Edward’s Horse Officer’s headdress badge (KK 1506) in yellow brass with east-west loops and matching pair of non-voided first pattern collar badges in gilding metal circa 1910-16. 

Figure 318: A genuine first pattern King Edward’s Horse Officer’s headdress badge (KK 1506) in yellow brass with north-south loops and a single example of a voided first pattern collar badge in gilding metal circa 1910-16.  






Second Pattern Officer's Headdress & Collar Badges


Second Pattern Officer's Headdress & Collar Badges Second Pattern Officer's Headdress & Collar Badges
A later version of the King Edward’s Horse headdress badge known as the second pattern badge (KK 1507) has a rounded King’s Crown in place of the Saxon crown of the first pattern badge (KK 1506). The War Office sealed the second pattern King Edward’s Horse headdress badge as Pattern Number 8676/1916 in gilding metal on the 22/2/1916 and it was worn until the KEH was disbanded in 1924.

An Officer's version of this headdress badge is shown in Figure 319 with a single matching second pattern collar badge both in die cast bronze. The headdress badge has east-west blades (folded) and the collar badge has east-west loops. Bronzed versions of the die-struck gilding metal version of the headdress badge fitted with a slider are also known where a bronze finish has been applied to the front of the badge only. This is likely to be a field conversion for an Other Rank commissioned in the field.
 
Figure 319: A genuine second pattern King Edward’s Horse Officer’s headdress badge (KK 1507) with a King’s Crown and east-west blades with service wear to edges of the blades and a single matching second pattern collar badge both in bronze circa 1916-24. 


The headdress badges shown in Figures 320 are second pattern Other Ranks badges which are die-struck, gilding metal and are fitted with sliders. There are two variants of this second pattern headdress badges which differ in the spelling of the Latin word Adsumus (translated to English as 'Here we are') as Ausumus as shown in Figure 320. Badges with either spelling are genuine and points to there being at least two sets of manufacturing dies in existence for the second pattern KEH headdress badge.

Original second pattern KEH headdress badges have sliders that have been crimped from the original manufacture process which together with the voiding on the badge and the quality of the strike constitute features characteristic of a genuine badge.

Figure 320: Two genuine second pattern King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks headdress badges in gilding metal with rounded King’s Crowns (KK 1507), one with the correct Adsumus spelling and the other with variant Ausumus spelling circa 1916-24.


Second Pattern Headdress Badges - Copies


Second Pattern Headdress Badges - CopiesSecond Pattern Headdress Badges - Copies
The King Edward’s Horse second pattern headdress badge has been extensively copied.  Copies were first noted by Laurence Archer in the 1970's and are referenced by Kipling and King. Thankfully the copies are relatively easy to distinguish from an original badge. The most commonly encountered copy is a die-struck badge in white metal with a slider or loops as shown in Figure 322.

Figure 322: A copy of a King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks’ headdress badge in die-struck white metal with a rounded King’s Crown (KK 1508), variant Ausumus spelling and east-west lugs.  

The Australian War Memorial has a copy of the King Edward’s Horse headdress badge (KK 1507) i n its online collection which is in die-struck, white metal with a slider marked JR. GAUNT.LONDON in a large font. An example of a Gaunt marked copy of the KEH badge is shown in Figure 323. Frederick Wilkinson in his book 'Cavalry and Yeomanry Badges of the British Army 1914' (Arms and Armour Press, London, 1973) shows both a gilding metal (Ref No 2350 and white metal version (Ref No 236). The white metal version is a copy.

Figure 323: A copy of a King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks’ headdress badge in die-struck white metal with a rounded King’s Crown (KK 1508), variant Ausumus spelling and Gaunt marked slider.  

Other copies of this badge can be found in die-struck, gilding metal and either lacking the voids around the central shield and within the Crown. On some gilding metal copies the voids in and around the crown look as if they have been drilled as they are circular holes rather than the irregular shaped voids on original badges.


Officer's Circlet Headdress and Collar Badges


Officers of the King Edward’s Horse also wore as a third pattern badge a bronzed circlet headdress badge (KK 1509) with a KEH monogram to the centre surrounded by the Regimental motto in a circlet surmounted by the King’s Crown. This badge can be seen in the portrait photograph of Major Twopenny MC and bar in Figure 337.

Figure 337: Major Richard Ernest Noel Twopenny MC and bar circa 1916 wearing Officer's circlet bronze headdress (KK 1509) and matching collar badges (Peter Nemaric collection).

The KEH Officer's circlet collar badges can also be found in a polished finish where they appear more base brass than bronzed and these are thought to be later War examples when Other Ranks tunics were worn by some Officer's.
 
Figure 338: King Edward’s Horse Officer’s circlet headdress badge (KK 1509) with blades together with a matching pair of collar badges with loops, all in bronze and maker marked J&Co for Jennens & Co, London, worn 1916-1924. 


Figure 339: Three different examples of the King Edward’s Horse Officer’s circlet headdress badge (KK 1509) all with blades in bronze - an unmarked badge, maker's marked Gaunt London on a tablet and maker's marked Jennens & Co, London, worn 1916-1924. 

Wearing Collar Badges


There is evidence from the diaries of King Edward’s Horse members that at least some of the Regiment continued to wear their old King’s Colonials Squadron headdress and collar badges through into the Great War.  Lieutenant Allan Wettenhall Lade writes in a letter to his mother on the 13th December 1914, ‘I have just bought one of my own a very smart affair riding breeches and now have collar badges of Australian birth…the Kangaroo.  Every man in our troop has the distinctive badge of his Colony – India an Elephant, Africa an Ostrich, Canada a beaver and so on.’ Corporal Brian (Frederick) Wade, King Edward’s Horse writes: ‘For some time I have been trying to obtain a cap-badge to complete the set, and tonight I am posting to you a set of three; cap, collar and shoulder badges (Brian Wade. Peace, War & Afterwards (1914-1919). Halifax: Sentinel Projects, 1996). The largest is worn on the front of the cap, the smallest on the collar-lapel, and the numerals on the shoulder- badge mean “King Edward’s Horse = “Kings Overseas Dominions Regiment”. The collar badges are, I think, the most interesting, the ostrich with a background of ‘koppies’ and mountains backed by the sun which is so typically South Africa.’  

The photograph in Figure 340 of Trooper Godfrey John Buckland, King Edward’s Horse shows the ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) kangaroo collar badges being worn with a King Edward’s Horse headdress badge. The ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) collar badges are also shown on the King Edward’s Horse tunic in Figure 143. The original King’s Colonials Squadron collar badges were still favoured by some members of King Edward’s Horse up until at least 1915.

Figure 340: Photograph of Private Godfrey John Buckland (Regimental number 583) of King Edward’s Horse in Service Dress uniform circa 1914 with 1903-pattern, Mounted Infantry leather 50 round .303 bandolier and King Edward’s Horse Regimental headdress badge and ‘C’ Squadron (Australian) collar badges (Peter Nemaric collection).

Officer's wore the third pattern circlet headdress badge with either the circlet pattern collar badges or with earlier first or second pattern collar badges as in the photograph of Lieutenant Colonel James shown in Figure 341.

Figure 341: Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James DSO wearing a King Edward’s Horse (KK 1509) Officer's circlet headdress badge with first or second pattern collar badges (Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James The History of King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921).

Collar badges were generally not worn by Other Ranks of the King Edward’s Horse from 1915 onwards (Figure 342).

Figure 342: Sergeant G. H. Tiplady (seated centre of the second row) and his Troop of ‘A’ Squadron of King Edward’s Horse at Canterbury in August 1914 without collar badges (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Comrades Association Annual Bulletin. Number 20: 13, 1953). 

Officer's Pouch Belt, Pouch & Horse Furniture Badges


Officer's of KEH wore a leather pouch belt and pouch across the left shoulder adorned with distinctive KEH badges on the belt and pouch as shown in Figure 343.

Figure 343: A King Edward’s Horse Officer’s leather pouch belt and pouch with chains and badges in fire gilt made by Hobson's and Sons circa 1910-1924 (Originally acquired by Del Badiuk who kindly allowed me to add it to my own collection). 

The badges were finished in fire gilt and have the letters KEH intertwined into a distinctive cypher not seen on any other KEH badge. They were attached to the belt and pouch with three retaining screws as shown in Figure 344.

Figure 344: A King Edward’s Horse Officer’s pouch belt/pouch badge in fire gilt with three screw posts circa 1910-1924. 

The Officer’s pouch belt can be seen in the photograph of the KEH mounted party on Royal Parade Day in 1911 see Figure 345.

Figure 345: The mounted party of King Edward’s Horse riding through St. Leonards Terrace, Chelsea prior to taking their part in the procession on Royal Parade Day 23rd June 1911. The Officer on the far left is wearing a pouch belt and pouch belt badge (R. J. Smith and R. G. Harris. The Yeomanry Force at the 1911 Coronation (The Uniforms of the British Yeomanry Force 1794-1914. Picton Publishing, Chippenham, 1988).  

The mounts of the King Edward’s Horse wore ear boss badges that were white metal, circular discs mounted with a gilding metal Officer’s badge (images available). These are of the same design as the Officer’s pouch badge. The badge was attached to the metal disc with three wire prongs which protruded through three small holes in the backing disc.
 

NCOs' Arm Badges & Shoulder Titles


The senior NCOs of the King Edward's Horse continued the practice of the senior NCOs of the King's Colonials in wearing the Regimental badge also as an arm badge above their rank chevrons. Figure 346 is an image of the King Edward’s Horse tunic (originally shown in Figures 142-143) of Sergeant with an arm badge about the rank chevrons and below the trade badge (harness maker on this tunic) of the right sleeve. The arm badge is in the same style as the ‘spikey’ Saxon Crown headdress badge (KK 1506) (Figures 310-312) and it would follow that arm badges may also be found of the pattern of the later King’s Crown headdress badge (KK 1507). The senior NCO arm badges would have had been modified from a slider to loops so that the badge was retained on the upper arm of the tunic.

Figure 346: Close-up photograph of the upper right arm of the Undress uniform tunic of a Sergeant of the King Edward’s Horse (from Figures 136-137) circa 1914. A khaki trade proficiency badge for a harness maker is worn uppermost on the right sleeve above the gilding metal King Edward’s Horse Regimental badge (KK 1506) and above the gold on khaki backing cloth rank chevrons (Peter Nemaric collection).

Figures 347: A group photograph (with wrinkles from a covering that was coated onto the original photograph) of King Edward's Horse serjeants in 1911 (Courtesy of David Knight). The KEH headdress badge is being worn above the chevrons. 

Officers and Other Ranks of the King Edward’s Horse wore a distinctive two-tier shoulder title in gilding metal bearing KEH over KODR for King Edward’s Horse - King’s Own Dominion Regiment (Westlake Ref No 204). The shoulder titles were worn on the Full and Undress tunics on the shoulder chains (Figure 347) or directly on the Service Dress tunic (Figure 348).

Figure 348: A shoulder title of the King Edward’s Horse in gilding metal on shoulder chains of the Undress tunic (Figures 142-143) circa 1914 (Peter Nemaric collection). 



Shoulder Titles


Shoulder Titles Shoulder Titles
The Sealed Pattern card for the King Edward's Horse shoulder title is held by the Imperial War Museum.  

Figure 349 shows the front and rear of a pair of the King Edward's Horse shoulder titles in gilding metal with copper loops.

Figure 349: A pair of shoulder titles of the King Edward’s Horse in gilding metal with copper loops circa 1910-1924.

Maker marked shoulder titles for King Edward’s Horse have not been encountered nor examples with coffin-shaped lugs. The shoulder titles were worn with a brass backing plate under the tunic on the Service Dress uniform when shoulder scales were not being worn (Figure 350).

Figure 350: A pair of shoulder titles of the King Edward’s Horse in gilding metal with copper loops and brass backing plates circa 1910-1924.

A cloth slip-on shoulder strap title with a straight K.E.H. over a semi-circular K.O.D.R. embroidered in white on khaki background was approved by the Army Clothing Department on 13/9/1916 as Pattern No. 9114/1916 with the Sealed Pattern card held by the Imperial War Museum. There is no photographic proof to show that this cloth shoulder title was ever issued or worn. The existence of a Sealed Pattern card for a cloth shoulder title for the Essex Yeomanry is also noted as never having been issued and worn (Michael Wood, personal communication).





Buttons


ButtonsButtons
The tunic large-sized breast (25mm), medium-sized cuff (19mm) and small cap (17mm) buttons of King Edward’s Horse all depict a King’s Crown surmounting the letters KEH as shown in Figure 352.

Figure 352: A selection of King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks Full Dress brass tunic breast and cuff buttons (Ripley Ref No 420) and Officer's gilt cap button. Makers marks are Hobson & Son, London; Firmin & Sons, London, JR Gaunt & Sons, London. 

The cuff button is referenced as Ripley Ref No 420 as King Edward’s Horse (The King’s Overseas Dominion Regiment) 1910-24 with a similar depiction in Ripley and Darmanin Ref No 141 who note gilt for Officers and brass for Other Ranks.

The buttons shown in Figure 352 have sealed backs with either fixed or floating shanks. The button back marks for King Edward's Horse identified to date are Hobson & Son, London; JR Gaunt & Sons, London; Firmin & Sons, London and Jennens & Co, London. Some King Edward's Horse buttons are unmarked.

A simple version of a sweetheart badge is shown in Figure 353 which is a King Edward’s Horse brass button made by Hobson and Son of London which has had the shank removed and a brooch fitting attached.

Figure 353: A King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks Full Dress tunic button in brass converted with a brooch fitting to a sweetheart badge. 


Sweetheart Badges & Ephemera


Several different examples of King Edward’s Horse sweetheart badges have been noted. The most commonly encountered are enameled versions of a scaled down headdress badge with brooch fittings as per the example in Figure 355. This particular example was sold with the British War medal of Serjeant John Clare Newland Eastick.

Figure 355: A King Edward’s Horse enamel sweetheart badge with brooch fitting attributed to Serjeant John Clare Newland Eastwick. 

Another sweetheart badge with this version a sterling silver miniature King Edward’s Horse headdress badge mounted on a sword as shown in Figure 356.

Figure 356: A sterling silver King Edward’s Horse enamel sweetheart badge fitted to a sword with brooch fitting made by Atkin Bros in Sheffield. 

There were also sweetheart badges for the King Edward's Horse which were worn as tie pins.

The headdress badge of the King Edward’s Horse was also featured in a stylised form on a silk cigarette card from 1913, image available.

Figure 357: A splendid King Edward’s Horse enamel sweetheart badge with white enamel background bordered by plain brass curicules attributed to Private Edward Feron Devine, 1128 (Image courtesy of Russell F. Giles, descendant).


Headdress & Collar Badges


Headdress & Collar Badges Headdress & Collar Badges
The 2nd King Edward's Horse headdress badge (KK 1134) was slightly larger than the first and second pattern (1st) King Edward’s Horse headdress badges (KK 1506 and 1507). The badge as described in Kipling & King is:  "A wreath of laurel on the left and oak on the right, surmounted by an Imperial crown. Across the top of the wreath a scroll inscribed King Edward's Horse, with a small label between the centre of the scroll and the crown inscribed 2nd. Scrolls on the wreath inscribed: (left) Canada,  N. Zealand and (right) Australia, S. Africa. In the centre  a shield bearing the Royal Arms, and below this three scrolls inscribed: (top) India, (centre) Crown Colonies and (bottom) 1914. Below the wreath a scroll inscribed Empire and Liberty.  In gilding metal also in bronze".

The 2nd King Edward’s Horse headdress badge (KK 1134) was sealed as Pattern Number 8598/1915 and approved on the 17/12/1915 in gilding metal for Other Ranks. Officers wore this headdress badge in bronze as Officer's Service Dress with matching collar badges as shown being worn in Figure 358.  

Figure 358: Portrait photograph showing the Officer’s headdress badge and non-voided collar badges in bronze of Lieutenant Colonel Montagu Cradock CB CMG, 2nd King Edward’s Horse circa 1917. ©Imperial War Museum (HU 120500).

Figure 359 shows a Second Lieutenant wearing an Officer's Service Dress headdress badge and a Warrant Officer wearing the headdress badge in gilding metal as are the NCOs and Other Ranks. The Warrant Officer is wearing gilding metal collar badges.

Figure 359: A postcard produced in France of a group of 2nd King Edward Horse circa 1915-17. The Second Lieutenant (seated third from the left) is wearing an OSD headdress badge and the Warrant Officer (seated second from left with crowns on both lower sleeves) senior NCOs and Other Ranks are all wearing gilding metal headdress badges. The Warrant Officer is wearing gilding metal 2KEH collar badges. The Trooper immediately behind and to the right of the Second Lieutenant closely resembles Trooper Poulain in Figure 161.   

Other Ranks of the 2KEH did not wear collar badges.

The collar badge depicted in Figures 369 is gilding metal and is die struck consistent with it being an Other Ranks collar badge.


Headdress & Collar Badges - Officers & Other Ranks


The headdress badge was in bronze for Officers and in gilding metal for Other Ranks. An example of Officers' headdress badge and matching pair of non-voided collar badges is shown in Figure 359. These bronzed badges were worn with the Officers Service Dress uniform.

Figure 359: A 2nd King Edward's Horse Officer’s headdress badge and pair of non-voided collar badges all in bronze. The headdress badge is die-cast with east-west blades and the collar badges are also die cast with east-west copper loops circa 1915-1917. One of the collar badges looks to have been polished and is lighter bronze tone than the other principally because it is a gilded metal badge which has only had its front surface bronzed rather than the badge being cast in bronze as is the other collar badge and the headdress badge. It is apparent that the practice in the field later in the war to polish OSD collar badges back to the base gilded metal finish. 

Figure 360 shows an additional Officer's headdress badge with a single voided collar badge all in bronze. This example of the headdress badge is again die cast but has loops rather than blades. The die cast collar badge has east-west loops and there are examples fitted with coffin shaped lugs as shown in Figure 361.

Figure 360: A 2nd King Edward's Horse Officer’s headdress badge and a voided collar badges all in bronze.

Figure 361: A pair of Officer’s voided collar badge of 2nd King Edward’s Horse in die cast bronze with hexagonal loops circa 1915-1917 (With permission The Irish Grenadier).

Officer's & Other Ranks Headdress Badges - Originals & Copies


Figure 362 shows a further genuine example of the Officer's headdress badge with this one fitted with a slider. Note the different tones of the bronze finish relative to the Officer's badges with blades and loops. There were at least two different sets of manufacturing dies for the 2nd KEH headdress badges with differences in the crown. In Figure 362, the first and third badges have a curved base of the crown whereas the central badge has a flat base to the crown.

Figure 362: Three original Officer’s headdress badges of 2nd King Edward’s Horse showing an Officer's bronzed headdress badge with a crimped slider and two Other Ranks in gilding metal with crimped sliders, one with a flat base to the crown and one which is curved, circa 1915-1917.  

Copies of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse headdress badge can be found in silver, white metal or gilding metal with a J.R GAUNT LONDON makers mark on the slider which lacks a crimp mark. Copies of the headdress badge in white metal can be found with both sliders and loops and have been well documented in John Gaylor's Military Badge Collecting book (Sixth Edition. London: LeoCooper, 1996). The most commonly encountered copies of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse headdress badge are readily identified by the fact that they are non-voided and are fitted with loops as per the example shown in Figure 363.  

Figure 363: A non-voided copy of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse headdress badge with loops.  

A smaller non-voided gilding metal Other Ranks version is noted by Reginald H. Cox (Military Badges of the British Empire 1914-18. London: Ernest Benn Limited, 1982). An example of this is shown in Figure 364 with the non-voided badge being die struck in gilding metal with a slider. This badge is a copy. The 2nd King Edward’s Horse did not wear side caps or other forms of headdress other than the peaked cap and so pagri badges and the like were not worn. The regular size voided badge is the only genuine headdress badge that was worn
 
Figure 364: A non-voided, small copy of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse headdress badge with a modern, non-crimped slider of an incorrect shape.  

Other Rank's Shoulder Titles


The 2nd King Edward’s Horse Officers and Other Ranks wore a distinctive gilding metal shoulder title of 2 over KEH (Westlake Ref No 205) which is shown being worn on the Service Dress tunic in Figure 370 and on a shoulder chain in Figure 372. A pair of 2KEH shoulder titles are shown in Figure 371.  

Figure 370: An unknown Private of 2nd King Edward’s Horse wearing a voided headdress badge and 2KEH shoulder titles (Westlake Ref No 205) on his shoulder chains circa 1915-17.  

Figure 371: A pair of 2nd KEH shoulder titles (Westlake Ref No 205) in gilding metal with rounded loops circa 1915-17.  


Figure 372: A 2nd KEH shoulder title (Westlake Ref No 205) shown as worn on a shoulder chain.  

Officer's & Additional Other Ranks Shoulder Titles


The 2nd King Edward’s Horse Officers and Other Ranks shoulder titles were also made with hexagonal loops as shown in Figure 373.  

Figure 373: The rear of a 2nd KEH shoulder title (Westlake Ref No 205) with hexagonal loops circa 1915-17. 

A size variant has also been identified being smaller than the standard 2KEH shoulder title. This title was theatre-adapted from a King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominion Regiment) KEH/KODR which has had the KODR part removed and a crudely cut 2 brazed on above the KEH piece. The wearer is known to have transferred between King Edward's Horse and 2nd King Edward's Horse hence the shoulder title modification.

Figure 374: A theatre-adapted 2KEH shoulder title (left) compared with a standard 2KEH shoulder title.  

A slip-on shoulder strap title with 2 over KEH embroidered in white on a trapezoid shaped olive-green cloth patch (Imperial War Museum Catalogue Number INS 31138) was approved by the Army Clothing Department on 22/6/1917 as Pattern No. 9552/1917 with the Sealed Pattern card held by the Imperial War Museum. This Pattern was over-stamped obsolete on the 7/10/1919 and there is no photographic evidence supporting it ever having been issued and worn. The existence of a Sealed Pattern card for a cloth shoulder title for the Essex Yeomanry is also noted as never having been issued and worn (Michael Wood, personal communication).

There is also a variant King Edward’s Horse Officer’s shoulder title which is straight pattern 2nd KEH in a gilt finish (Figure 375).

Figure 375: A variant 2nd KEH shoulder title that is a single line of 2nd KEH rather than 2 over KEH in gilding metal with rounded loops circa 1915-17 (Patrick Birley collection).

Buttons


ButtonsButtons
The 2nd King Edward's Horse buttons were in gilt for Officers and brass for Other Ranks (Figure 376) with a simple design of 2 over KEH (Ripley and Darmanin Ref No 142). Ripley and Darmanin only note a brass button and do not differentiate between Officers and Other Ranks. The buttons are in two sizes, 25mm for the breast of the tunic and 17mm for the cuff.

2nd King Edward's Horse buttons have been noted with back marks for Armfield & Co, Birmingham and Firmin, London. There are also examples with a back mark pattern which is often referred to as the 'Hammer' or 'Hammer-key' see Figure 377. There is no definite answer as to which manufacturer used this pattern and why they didn't use their own name. One thought was that they were cheaper/lower quality than the buttons usually produced and the manufacturers didn't want their name associated with the cheap/low quality buttons. It was thought that it could be a Firmin produced button as they seemed to use the same button dies (information courtesy of Ian Baker).

Figure 376: A pair of 2nd King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks brass tunic buttons (Ripley and Darmanin Ref No 142). 

Figure 377: The rear of a 2nd King Edward’s Horse Other Ranks brass tunic button with hammer key pattern. 

Sweetheart Badges


Sweetheart Badges Sweetheart Badges
Several different examples of the 2nd King Edward’s Horse sweetheart badges have been noted with some shown in Figures 379 and 380.

Figure 379: A 2nd King Edward’s Horse enamel sweetheart badge with brooch fitting.

Figure 380: Two 2nd King Edward’s Horse sweetheart badges in blackened and gilding metal. 

Old Comrades Reunions


The King Edward’s Horse Old Comrades Association held their first annual reunion in 1919 and these continued until the last in 1972.  Branch gatherings were also held in Argentina, South Africa and Australia.

A King Edward’s Horse Old Comrades (Senior and Junior) Annual Bulletin was first produced in 1933. The Annual Bulletin contained a member’s contact list and ran until Bulletin 39 in 1972.

The first Reunion dinner of the King Edward’s Horse was held on the 1st August 1919 at the Holborn Restaurant in London and the menu card (shown on the following page) is signed by several of the attendees including Colonel Lionel James CB DSO and Major Sir Ralph D. Furse KCMG DSO and Bar.


Museum Collections, Regimental Silver & Plaques


Selections of King’s Colonials and King Edwards Horse uniforms, badges and mementos were originally on display at the National Army Museum which opened in Sandhurst in 1960. Among the items on display were a King Edward’s Horse Sergeant’s tunic and a King Edward’s Horse Recruiting Poster. Noted as being in storage was an Officer’s Mess Dress uniform, sundry items of uniform and a case of Regimental badges mainly of the King’s Colonials period that had been presented in memory of F. G. Corbett.

In 1960, the Imperial War Museum in London had on display a King's Colonials headdress badge, shoulder titles and two buttons in its Badge Room.

Today there is no permanent display of King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward’s Horse uniforms or badges at either the National Army Museum or the Imperial War Museum. The collections of both museums list and detail a number of King’s Colonials, King Edward’s Horse and 2nd King Edward’s Horse items but the images are not available on-line. The majority of these items are photographs, uniforms, badges and some correspondence and these are tabulated below:

ItemObject TypeAccession Number 
Slouch hat, three badges and plume, King's Colonial Yeomanry, worn by King George V, 1911 (c).Uniforms1963-05-3
Cap badge and collar badge, Imperial Legion, 4th County of London (King's Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry, 1905 (c).Badges1985-06-68
Five uniform and equipment items, King's Colonial Yeomanry, worn by HM King George V, 1901-1911.Uniforms1963-05-24



Slouch hat, King's Colonials, nd.Uniforms1964-01-5
Badge and uniform items, King's Colonials, 1902 (c).Badges1958-07-80
Badge and uniform items, King's Colonials, 1902 (c).Uniforms1958-07-80
12 picture postcards (5 with messages written on them) and 6 small photographs depicting King Edward's Horse on summer manoeuvres at Salisbury (1913) and Canterbury (1914); the postcards were sent by V. V. Pedlar (1892-1979).Photographs1997-01-54
Box spurs, 1914; belonging to the uniform of Squadron Quartermaster Sergeant (SQMS) Patrick E. McEvoy, 170, King Edwards Horse.Horse Furniture1991-08-226
Ammunition pouch, 1914; belonging to the uniform of SQMS P. E. McEvoy, 170, King Edwards Horse.Equipment, general1991-08-227
Copy photograph of a Trooper of King Edward's Horse, taken from an original photograph in the FJS Military Series, 1906 (c); copy photograph of a Church Parade of 202 Infantry Brigade (?) and featuring men of The Buffs, Canterbury, taken from an original photograph by a Tonbridge photographer, 1914-1915.Photographs1992-05-51
Collection of 79 photographs relating to King Edward's Horse, 1902 (c)-1968; subjects include portraits, groups, reunion, parades, a funeral, a Coronation, camp and kit inspection.Photographs1989-09-60
28 postcard photographs collected by SQMS P. E. McEvoy, 170, King Edward's Horse, 1911-1916.Photographs1990-10-48
Cap badge, other ranks' and shoulder title, other ranks', worn by Robert Bruce Campbell, 2nd King Edward's Horse, 1915 (c); Campbell was commissioned to 2/Lt Labour Corps, 1918.Badges1991-03-125
Medal group awarded to Private Albert Thomas Pennifold, 11th Lancashire Fusiliers, also previously attached to 1st Bn Royal Warwickshire Regiment, 6th Bn Dragoon Guards, 3rd Bn Dragoon Guards and King Edward's Horse.Medals2002-10-1
Medal group awarded to Private Ronald Lashley Bynoe, King Edward's Horse, 1914 (c)-1918 (c): 1914-15 Star; British War Medal 1914-20; Allied Victory Medal 1914-1919; associated with World War One (1914-1918).Medals2003-10-2
Small metal plate with screw fastening at the back, nd; inscribed, 'Presented By/ Lady Brake, MBE.,/ To The Memory Of Her Husband/ Sir Francis Brake, M.I.E.E, M.I.Prod. E., F.R.S.A.,/ Who Served With Distinction In/ King Edward's Horse/ In The 1914-18 War'; it is unknown where this plate came from and to what it was attached; associated with World War One (1914-1918).Equipment, general2003-12-43
Papers relating to King Edward's Horse: Regimental Orders, 15 Jul 1914; manuscript report of an address by Lt Gen R C B Hacking, XI Army Corps, concerning the importance of the regiment's action, 9 Apr 1918; two copies of a printed report to the regimental committee on the action of 9 Apr 1918; manuscript letters from Lt Col Lionel James to Denbigh, requesting and acknowledging receipt of further details of the action; letters drafted 6 and 13 Dec 1918; autographed menu, C Coy No 6 Officers' Cadet Bn, Worcester College Oxford, Dominion Day Dinner 1916; King Edward's Horse Association Bulletins - No 15 1948, No 32 1965, No 35 1968; ticket and application form for 50th Anniversary Luncheon and subscription form 1968; sketch and description of King Edward's Horse flag at Haileybury Imperial Service College; three page history of the unit from the MHS Bulletin; words and music of 'Land of Hope and Glory'.Archives1989-09-59
Papers, 1898-1918; associated with Robert Bruce Campbell, Assam Valley Light Horse, 2nd King Edward's Hope and Indian Labour Corps.Archives1991-03-151
Postcard photograph of Trooper C. F. Burr, King Edward's Horse, 1917 (c).Photographs1984-06-66
Flag of 1st King Edward's Horse The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment. Pencil with crayon, 1918; associated with World War One (1914-1918).Drawings and Watercolours1989-09-62
Photograph and autograph album of 1st King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1914-1915; associated with World War One, Home Front and Western Front (1914-1918).Archives2004-09-230
Photograph and autograph album of 1st King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1914-1915; associated with World War One, Home Front and Western Front (1914-1918).Photographs2004-09-230
Photograph album of 29 photographs relating to King Edward's Horse (Kings Overseas Dominions Regiment camp, 1905 (c). (Album dimensions: 17.75 x 24 x 2 cm).Photographs1989-09-58
Hotchkiss gun ammunition clip, nd; used at the Battle of Lys, 1918, during the Spring offensive when King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), held up large forces of Germans between 9th and 12th April 1918; associated with the Battle of Lys, World War One, Western Front (1914-1918) 1918.Ammunition1958-07-81
Twelve photographs associated with regimental silver of King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1904 (c)-1917; deposited at Haileybury College.Photographs1981-01-82
Shoulder title, King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), nd; standard pattern, sealed pattern, 1916.Badges1992-07-156
Three photographs associated with Leinster Regiment, King Edward's Horse and King's Own Royal Regiment, 1880 (c)-1918 (c).Photographs1982-09-52
Lapel badge, British Legion, associated with SQMS P. E. McEvoy, 170, formally of King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1950 (c).Badges1992-03-67
Five buttons, associated with SQMS P. E. McEvoy, formally of King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1913 (c)-1918.Badges1992-03-68
Three shoulder titles, 2nd King Edward's Horse, 1916; sealed pattern, 1916.Badges1992-02-181
Two shoulder titles, King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1916; sealed pattern, 1916.Badges1992-02-180
Cap badge, all ranks', King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1916; sealed pattern, 1916.Badges1992-02-179
Five lapel badges associated with SQMS P. E. McEvoy, King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1914 (c).Badges1991-08-231
Five buttons worn by SQMS P. E. McEvoy, King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1914 (c).Badges1991-08-230
Collar badge, other ranks', King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1911-1924 (c).Badges1985-06-69
Cap badge, other ranks', King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1910 (c).Badges1985-08-42
Photograph of King Edward's Horse Association Lunch, Jun 1962.Photographs1963-09-108
Uniform and equipment items, King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiments), worn by SQMS P. E. McEvoy, 1913 (c)-1918 (c).Uniforms1991-08-224



Eleven uniform and equipment items, King Edward's Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), worn by Major Sir Ralph Furse, 1913 (c).Uniforms1958-07-79






Nine uniform and equipment items, King Edward's Horse (The King's Oversea Dominions Regiment), 1905-1919.Equipment, uniform1959-07-97
Cap badge, King Edward's Horse, 1916.Badges1955-03-254
Shoulder titles, King Edward's Horse, 1916.Badges1955-03-309
Shoulder titles, King Edward's Horse, 1916.Badges1955-03-310
Pair of shoulder chains, officers', 2nd King Edward's Horse, worn by 2/Lt R. B. Thompson, 1900 (c).
(Author's note - these are either King Edward's Horse or the date is 1914-17).
Uniforms1991-04-35
Mess jacket, Majors', King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), worn by Lt Col L James, 1910 (c).Uniforms1960-04-93
All ranks' shoulder title, 2nd King Edward's Horse, 1914-1917.Badges1985-10-112
Forage cap, three jackets, buttons and pair of collar badges, King Edward's Horse, worn by Crosbie Alfred Norman Garstin, nd.Uniforms1961-08-79
Officer's sword associated with King Edward's Horse, belonged to Col Lionel James, nd; with leather scabbard, sword knot and steel scabbard.Edged Weapons1960-05-47
Cavalry sword, other ranks, associated with King Edward's Horse (King's Overseas Dominions Regiment), 1912 (c)-1918 (c); hilt stamped '12.1912 D1G', with label, 'Presented by Lady Brake, MBE, to the Memory of her Husband, Sir Francis Brake ... K.E.H., in the 1914-18 War'; associated with World War One (1914-1918).Edged Weapons1960-11-156
Cap badge, other ranks', 2nd King Edward's Horse, 1914.Badges1959-04-253
Twenty badge items, King Edward's Horse, nd; contained in a frame.Badges1959-07-98
King Edward's Horse / The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment Special Reserve. Colonel in Chief His Majesty the King. Coloured chromolithograph after Hassall, 1908 (c).Prints1959-07-99

The majority of the badges tabulated above are noted within this website. The R. C. Whittock collection of King's Colonials badges are held by the National Army Museum (see Figure 173 under Badge Manufacture). I would be delighted to hear from anyone if they get an opportunity to visit and obtain clear photographs of any of these items which they could do by arranging to see these objects in advance.

The Australian War Museum lists a single King Edward’s Horse headdress badge in its collection but it is not available to view on-line. The badge is actually a copy with a Gaunt makers mark on the slider.

Figure 385: A photograph of a three foot long brass and timber plaque of the King Edward's Horse that was thought to have hung in the barracks of the Liverpool Troop in Aigburth, Liverpool. It was purchased by Chris Owen, a member of the Great War Forum about 20 years ago from a pawn brokers shop in North Wales where it had sat on the wall for 30 years.

Regimental Silver

The Regimental silver of the King’s Colonials and later King Edward’s Horse was donated for custodial safe-keeping and display on special occasions to the Haileybury and Imperial Service College in the UK.

The items held are:

• King’s Colonials Bowl
• Challenge Cup for Posts and Heads
• Cup presented to the Asian Squadron by Colonel H. Fortescue
• Hotchkiss Rifle Competition Cup
• Reconnaissance Challenge Cup
• Musketry Field Firing Challenge Cup
• Table Candelabrum
• Cape Town Challenge Cup
• Officer’s Mess Cup – Wrestling on Horseback.

The school has in its safe-keeping the Dewar Shield and the Australia Shield again competed for by the Squadrons of the King's Colonial/King Edwards Horse. There is also a large painted wood representation of the King Edward’s Horse headdress is on display in the School and is shown in Figure 460.

Figure 386: A large painted wood representation of the King Edward’s Horse headdress badge at the Haileybury and Imperial Service College (Darren O’Brien collection). 

2nd King Edward's Horse Memorial Plaque

There is a 1990 photograph taken by Colin Mctyre of a memorial plaque (Figure 387) to the 2nd King Edward's Horse that was on the wall at the New Zealand High Commission in Haymarket, London. In subsequent renovations to the building the plaque was lost.

Figure 387: A 2nd KEH Memorial Plaque

Vieille Chapelle KEH Memorial


There is a monument to the King Edward's Horse at Vieille Chapelle which is a small village located to the north-east of Bethune in northern France. The King Edward's Horse defended the village on the 9-11th April 1918. In 1921, the Mayor of Vieille Chapelle suggested that a memorial stone (Figure 388-389) be placed in a prominent position in the village recording the valiant action of King Edward’s Horse and those that fell there. The monument was subsequently moved to the village cemetery (Vieille-Chapelle New Military Cemetery, Lacouture) where it stands today.
 
Figures 388-389: Memorial stone honouring those men of the King Edward’s Horse who were killed or wounded at Vieille Chapelle on the 9th-11th April 1918 (Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James. The History of King Edwards Horse (The King's Overseas Dominions Regiment). London: Sifton, Praed & Co, 1921). 

The King Edward's Horse memorial as it looks today in the communal cemetery at Vieille Chapelle. The name of Lieutenant George Henry Havelock-Sutton MC was added to the rear of the memorial after it had been officially opened in 1921. He died of his wounds received in the action.

Figure 390: The King Edward's Horse memorial photographed in 2018 (Pierre Vanvervelden collection). 

Aus, NZ, BWI & South America - KC/KEH/2KEH


Australian who served in the King's Colonials (KC) and/or King Edward's Horse (KEH) or 2nd King Edward's Horse (2KEH)

Unless indicated with 2KEH the individual served in KC/KEH.

Image of an unknown Australian serving in the Australian Squadron, King's Colonials (dates to 1903-10 from Squadron headdress badge) photograph courtesy of the Upway Museum, Victoria (with thanks to Phil Garland). 

ABBOTT, Bertie. 1517. Private. Born in New South Wales, Australia in 1895. Discharged to the Reserve 18/06/1919. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Lived in Bauple, Queensland post-War.

ALLEN, Albert E. 1373. Private. Transferred to the Reserve 27/06/1919. Noted in Old Comrades Bulletin No 1. as living in Adelaide, Australia.

ARCHIBALD, William Rae. 1064. Private. 4th Section, 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron. Discharged 18/06/1919. Born in 1887 in Brunswick, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia the son of Barbara Rae and John Archibald. He married Nellie Elizabeth (Nell) Barrington in 1938 in Victoria. He took up a Soldier's Settlement of 370 acres of land at Pomonal, Victoria which was sold on in 1940. He died in 1958. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

BENNETT, Walter. Private. No records identified.

BERCOVITZ, Solomon. 1104. Private. Entered France 15/09/1915. Taken Prisoner of War at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Interred in Dulmen Camp, Westphalia, Germany. Repatriated 29/11/1918. Discharged 22/06/1919.

BLACK, J. G. Private. No records identified.

BOILEAU, Gilbert Elliot. 1075. Corporal. Entered France 14/09/1915. Severely injured his leg 13/11/1918 and discharged 25/06/1919 due to the injury. Prior service in the Boer War with the Border Horse as Corporal 1473 and awarded Queen's South Africa (QSA) medal with Transvaal clasp. Born in 26/12/1875 in Mt Moriac, near Geelong, Victoria the son of Edmund William Pollen Boileau and Bridget Mary Walsh. Brother John Peter Boileau born 29/03/1876 in Mitiamo, Victoria also served with the Border Horse as a Trooper 1474 (John Pollen Boileau on QSA medal roll with Pollen being a middle name of his father) and awarded Queen's South Africa medal with Transvaal clasp. The brothers obviously enlisted together given their service numbers are consecutive. Gilbert died in 1952 in Cheltenham, Victoria and his brother John died in 1951.

BOWKER, John (Jack) Ryther Steer. 8. Private. Entered France 27/07/1915. Discharged 14/12/1918. Born 29/07/1888 in Darling Point, New South Wales, Australia to Florence Mary Marks and Dr Robert Steer Bowker (surgeon). He was educated at Barker College, Sydney 1902-06 and then studied medicine like his father at Middlesex Hospital, England in 1909. He married (unofficially) Elsie Emily Boyten in 1915 in England whom he met when he was boarding with her grandmother's family when he was in England studying to become a doctor. They had a daughter Beryl S. Bowker Boyten born in 1919. After living in Middlesex he then moved to Sydney without his family. He died on the 29/06/1944 in Darlinghurst, Sydney, Australia. Biography courtesy of Robin Hyland. Full length portrait photograph of a postcard sent to Elsie in 1915 courtesy of Robin Hyland under Nominal Roll entry and another photograph of him on enlistment in 1914 is shown in Figure 307.

BROOKER, Harry Hill. 1162. Private. Entered France Jun 1916. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Fusiliers 26/06/1917. Later Lieutenant. From Wilkawatt, South Australia.

BROOKMAN, Charles J. 498. Squadron Quartermaster Sergeant. Staff Quarter Master Serjeant. Served pre-war KEH. Entered France 22/04/1915. Was with 'B' Squadron up until 1916 and then 'A' Squadron and then back to 'B' Squadron in 1918. Discharged 7/03/1919. Mentioned in Despatches as Serjeant. Born in Australia and lived in England post-war.

BUCKLAND, Godfrey John. 583. Private. Born in Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia on the 30/01/1893 and enlisted on 26/08/1914 in England. He was killed in action by a German rifle grenade on 7/08/1915 after seeing action at Ploegsteert Wood in July 1915. Buried in the RIFLE HOUSE CEMETERY, BELGIUM. Portrait photograph shown in Nominal Roll (courtesy of Peter Nemaric). Remembered on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial.  

BUCKNELL, William Wentworth. 537.  Private. Enlisted when at Cambridge University. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery Jan 1915. Promoted to Lieutenant. KIA 10/08/1917 'A' Battery 103rd Brigade from shellfire. Mentioned in Despatches. Born in Lewisham, Sydney, Australia in 1891. The son of Mr and Mrs William Wentworth Bucknell, Quambone Station, Coonamble, New South Wales. Portrait photograph of him pre-war under Nominal Roll entry. 

BULL, George. 1603. Private. Discharged 9/05/1919. Served in same Troop as Lieutenant Francis 529. Australian. Married in 1936. Friend of Private Reginald (Bill) Wilson 456 and corresponded in 1957 whilst living on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

BUTLER, Geoffrey Travers. Private. Entered France 8/05/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 48th Field Artillery Battery, Royal Field Artillery. Later Captain. Served in Volunteer Defence Corps WW2 as a Captain in 2nd Tasmanian Battalion. Born in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia on 15/03/1890 the son of Charles William Butler and Beatrice (nee Travers). He married firstly Constance Lee and secondly Beatrice Gore Jones (nee Jones). He had one daughter Janet to his first marriage. When he returned to Tasmania he became a farmer at several places including Bagdad and Rowella. Claimed his 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal from an address in Sandy, Bay, Hobart, Tasmania. He died 6/03/1962. Extensive series of his letters in the Tasmanian Library Archives.

CAMERON, Donald Keith. Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant KEH 4/09/1914. Attached to Machine Gun Service 7-29/05/1915. Temporary Captain 26/07/1915. Entered France 15/01/1917. Transport Officer and Quarter Master 17/03/1917 - 17/11/1917.  Attached to the Honourable Artillery Company 9/04/1918. Transferred to the Cameron Highlanders (Special Reserve) 23/04/1918 then 1st Battalion 17/06/1918 as Acting Captain. Staff Captain 4/01/1919 - 12/01/1920 as General Staff Officer at Army Headquarters in Germany. Captain 11/05/1920. Mentioned in Despatches 28/05/1918 for service in Italy. Born 1/05/1888 in Chudleigh, Tasmania the son of Donald Norman Cameron and Anne Lillias Scott and returned in 1931. In 1934 he was elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly as a Nationalist member for Wilmot, holding his seat until his defeat in 1937. He died In Nunawading, Victoria on 6/06/1967.  Photograph on kingedwardshorse.net and as a Lieutenant in 1915 see Figure 19.

CHENERY, Harold. 1608. Private 2KEH. Died of a self-inflicted wound 3/11/1917 aged 24 at Moore Park Camp, Kilworth, County Cork, Ireland whilst attached to the 7th Officer Cadet Battalion. Correspondence from his Australian family to the Army regarding his place of burial indicate that his death by discharge of his rifle to his head was regarded as an accident. Harold was the son of Charles and Alice Chenery of the The Cedars, 24 Hillside Crescent, Launceston, Tasmania. He was born at Shoreham, Sussex and is buried in the KINGSTON-UPON THAMES CEMETERY, Surrey, UK with his body being repatriated for burial in Surrey by his relatives. Remembered on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial.  

CHURCHOUSE, Reginald Rufus. 995. Private. 'A' Squadron. Entered France 1/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 22/02/1918. Born in Aston, Warwickshire, England in Oct 1892, emigrated to Australia 1911 and worked in Queensland and returned post-war to Sydney. He married Laura Ballard in 1920 in Queensland and was married again this time to Josephine Isaacson in 1941 in Sydney and died there on 8/01/1957. Shown in a group photograph taken at Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 see Figure 33.

CLAREY, John Charles Lee. 1788. Prior service in the British East Africa campaign potentially as a Private in the Northumberland Fusiliers 40115. Private 2KEH and transferred as a Private to the 11th Battalion, Tank Corps 302868. Died of Wounds 1/04/1918 aged 24. Born in Bairnsdale, East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia the son of John King Clarey and Emma Beatrice Clarey of Fernbrook, Western Australia. Buried in Roclincourt Military Cemetery, Roclincourt, Arras, Nord Pas de Calais, France. Photograph of gravestone available online.

COOKE, Ewin Edgar. 1580 Private. On 12 April 1918 Ewing sustained a gunshot wound to his leg and elbow in the Defence of Vieille Chapelle. He was admitted to 24th General Hospital, Etaples, France. Discharged from KEH 13/02/1919. Born on 22/01/1892 in Bexhill, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia the son of Samuel Robert Cooke and Isabella King. Married Dorothy Francis Hunter 31/03/1925 and they had one daughter Lorna Jean Cooke. Ran a champion dairy cattle stud at Bexhill, Lismore, New South Wales and died there on 4/01/1972.

CORLETTE, Hubert Christian. The Honourable. Second Lieutenant 1902. Commanded 3rd Troop (Australian) 'A' Squadron (British Asian) King's Colonials as Lieutenant 1/02/1903. Major in command of the Reserve Squadron KEH 11/06/1914. Placed on half pay 5/06/1915 and transferred as Temporary Major Royal Field Artillery, East Anglia Brigade 14/11/1915. He served as a Staff Officer in the RFA until the end of the war. He was born on 26/06/1869 in Concord, New South Wales, Australia the son of Reverend James Christian Corlette and Frances Edith (nee Manning) Corlette and educated at Sydney Grammar School, Sydney University, London University and the Slade School. He married Florence Gwynnedd Davies Berrington on 7/10/1903 in Llanfair Kilgeddin, Monmouthshire and worked as an architect and was awarded an Order of the British Empire. They had three children during their marriage. He died on 23/04/1956 in Hendon, Middlesex, at the age of 86. Brother was Brigadier General James Montagu Christian Corlette AIF awarded CMG DSO. Photograph of Major H. C. Corlette see Figure 4 and portrait photograph as a Major in 1917 wearing his KEH headdress badge shown under Nominal Roll entry courtesy of the Norfolk Museums Collection.

CRESWICK, Harry Forbes. Captain. 'A & B' Squadrons. Born in Brighton, Victoria, Australia on 24/01/1886. Arrived in England Aug 1906 and was a Second Lieutenant in the KEH in 1907 then Lieutenant in 1910. Commissioned Lieutenant 11/06/1914 (London Gazette 7/09/1914) later Captain. Married Alice Reid in 1910. Major attached to Australian Light Horse in 1935. Killed in a motor vehicle accident 17/08/1935 in Melbourne, Australia where he lived in Toorak. Captain in 1915 see Figure 19.

CROWLEY, John Nicholas. 1425. Corporal. Born 6/05/1894 in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Enlisted KEH 17/01/1916 and arrived in France 12/09/1916. Posted to the Reserve 21/02/1919. WW2 Corporal DROEC 15/01/1941-30/07/1941. Died April 1950 in Darlinghurst, Sydney. Five family members served in WW1 of whom three (father, his brother and one of the three sons were KIA/DOW). See Nominal Roll entry for a portrait photograph from a montage entitled 'Fighting for the Flag, circa 1916' courtesy of the Australia War Memorial.

CUNINGHAME, Charles Lennox. Second Lieutenant 9th Cavalry Reserve, KEH, Lieutenant 3rd Hussars, Captain Reserve Regiment of Cavalry. Applied for medals from an address in East Africa. Awarded 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal. Born in 1877 in Australia and died 8/04/1931 in Bayonne, France.

DAVIDSON, Douglas. 640. Private. 'B' Squadron. KIA 09/04/18 at Defence of Vieille Chapelle aged 34. Killed with Lieutenant Pinckney when trying to break through the German troops who had enveloped the bridge head at Vieille Chapelle. One of three sons of George D. and Emma Davidson, of "Geraldra", Cootamundra, New South Wales, Australia. Name commemorated on the LOOS MEMORIAL, FRANCE. Portrait photograph shown in Nominal Roll entry. Remembered on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial.  

DAWSON, Oswald Charles. 1106. Corporal. Enlisted after arriving in England 22/05/1915. Entered France 2/10/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Engineers attached Royal Flying Corps 3/11/1916. Awarded Distinguished Flying Cross 8/02/1919 when acting as Observer supporting the Desert Mounted Corps 19-26/09/1918 attached to 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. Brother of Private Robert Dyer Dawson 1526 who also served in the KEH. Born Bombala, New South Wales, Australia on 1/01/1887 the son of Robert Weston Dawson and Eleanor Mary Bowler. Married Kathleen Elsie Fedden in Fiji on 17/03/1920. He died on 1/05/1974.

DAWSON, Overend William James. 1668. Private. KIA 27/10/17. Buried in BARD COTTAGE CEMETERY, BELGIUM. Born 11/11/1881 in Glenelg, Adelaide, South Australia the son of Robert Potter and Louisa Potter and grew up in Lancashire, England. Not related to the Dawson brothers, above and below. Photograph of gravestone shown under Nominal Roll entry.

DAWSON, Robert Dyer. 1526. Corporal. Discharged 22/06/1919. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Brother of Corporal Oswald Charles Dawson 1106 who also served with KEH. Born in Bombala, New South Wales, Australia on 5/07/1884 and died in 5/03/1955 in Nyngan, New South Wales, Australia.

DEARLOVE, John George. 1017. Corporal. Enlisted 23/03/1915 and entered France 2/10/1915. Wounded at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918 and awarded Silver War Badge 458230. Discharged 6/01/1919. Possibly born in Kooringa, South Australia on 23/11/1896 and died in Broken Hill in 1938.

DEVINE, Edward Feron. 1128. Discharged 14/04/1919. Born in South Shields in 1893 and went to South Shields Marine School. Then at 15 was serving on the merchant vessel Pythomene. He followed his elder brother, also a mariner, to Australia in about 1905 and both settled in Sydney, followed by his wife and her mother in 1911. His brother Charles Lawford Devine volunteered for the Royal Naval Reserve and as a Lieutenant Commander on the monitor HMS M-28 was killed on 20/01/1918 aged 30 by a direct hit from the battlecruiser Goeben when it and the light cruiser Breslau sought to escape from the Dardanelles. Charles and Edward were the sons of Charles Feron Divine and Ellen R. L. Divine of 'Primera', Ryde Road, Hunters Hill, New South Wales; Australia. Charles was the husband of Joan Divine, of Buckfastleigh, Devon, England and is commemorated on a Memorial at the Lancashire Landing Cemetery. Edward died on 26/10/1937 when 5 days earlier he fell into the hold of the postal ship Olympia in Sydney Harbour. His wife never got over it. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Photograph of Edward in maritime uniform circa 1908 and biographical information courtesy of Giles F. Russell, descendant.

DIGHT, Alfred. 474. Acting Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant 2KEH. Entered France 4/05/1915. Commissioned Lieutenant Wiltshire Yeomanry 6/09/1916. Born 31/10/1877 from New South Wales, Australia, married Mary H. Rose on 22/01/1913 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA and died in 1941 in Paddington, London, England. Entitled to 1914/15 Star Medal Trio and applied for his medals from an address in Rawlings Street, Chelsea, London.

DRYSDALE, Cluny Leslie. 1206. Private. 'B' Squadron. Injured in railway accident 13/03/1918. Discharged 15/03/1919. Born Armadale, Victoria, Australia 1895 the son of George Russell Drysdale and Mary Drysdale Russell and died in Herbert, Queensland 4/07/1931.

DUNSTAN, John Llewellyn. Private. Served pre-WW1 KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Artillery and served in WW2 as a Private 31 with the Australian Garrison Battalion 1941-1944.

DUUS, William Hanson. 892. Lance Corporal. Enlisted in London. Born in Chewton, Victoria, Australia and KIA 23/05/1915 aged 31 at the Battle of Festubert. Name commemorated on Le Touret Memorial, France. 

EASTICK, Arthur George. 49. Serjeant. Serjeant. 'B' Squadron. Enlisted 8/03/1911 from Melbourne, Australia aged 22 having been a British citizen. Entered France 22/04/1915. Discharged 7/03/1916. Chemist by trade. Entitled to 1914/15 Star Medal trio. Brother of Private Arthur George Eastick, 379 and Serjeant John Clare Newland Eastick.

EASTICK, Arthur George. 379. Private. Enlisted 8/03/1911 aged 19. Chemist by trade with his Father's John Joseph Eastick & Sons business. Born in St Kilda, Melbourne, Australia and service with the Armadale School Cadet Corps. British citizen and resided in Clapham Common, London at enlistment. Died 24/04/1922 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. Brother of Private Arthur Gerald Eastick, 49 and Serjeant John Clare Newland Eastick.

EASTICK, John Clare Newland. 51. Serjeant. Went to France with 1st Troop, 'B' Squadron as a Serjeant 22/4/15 and was commissioned on 14/09/ 1915 as a Lieutenant KEH after Officer training and instructed on Anti-Gas and Poisonous Gas being a chemist by trade. Lieutenant in a caption of a photograph of him taken at Longford in 1915. His promotion to Captain 14/5/19 published in the London Gazette. He was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England on 4/03/1889 and emigrated with his family to Australia in 1890 returning to England in 1906. He died in London in 1971. Medal address 137 Upper Clapton Road, London on MIC. Brother of Private Arthur Gerald Eastick, 49 and Private Arthur George Eastick, 379. Entitled to 1914/15 Star Medal Trio. Serjeant on British War Medal which was sold with his sweetheart badge on an electronic auction site in 2019. He sent the postcard shown in Figures 17 and 18.

ELLIOTT, G. M. Private. Australian died 4/03/1957 noted in Old Comrades Bulletin.

EVANS, Rupert. Private. Not on Medal Rolls but Rupert could have been a nickname for Private Gerard Evans 1183.

FEARNLEY, William George. 1503. Private. Died of Wounds 26/08/1917 aged 25. Son of Mr. and Mrs. R. Fearnley of 31 St. James St., Leeds. Born in Norwich, Norfolk, England in 1892. Returned from Australia in 1915 to enlist. Buried in Duhallow Advanced Dressing Station Cemetery, Ypres, Flanders, Belgium. Brother of Private Ernest Walter Fearnley, 1504 KIA 31/07/1917. Remembered on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial.  

FIELDING, Morris Glanville. 201. Corporal. 2nd Troop, 'C' Squadron KEH 1915. Joined the Oxford University Troop of KEH 2/01/1912. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 5/05/1916, Captain from Jan 1917 in the 2nd Battalion Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. Wounded three times and awarded the Military Cross 13/11/1916 for gallantry at Beaumont Hamel. Born in Parramatta, Sydney, Australia on 30/06/1892 and after being ordained he worked as Curate then Rector in Sydney before his death there on 27/11/1972. Taken from an excellent article on Captain Fielding MC by Peter Nemaric published in the 'Sabretache' XXXVII: 34-36, 1996 with several photographs of him.

FITZ-HERBERT, John Aloysius. 326. Private KEH. Born in Launceston, Tasmania on 19/05/1892. Enlisted in KEH in 1913 whilst at Trinity College, Cambridge and originally attended Sydney University. Arrived in France 22/04/1915 with 'C' Squadron. Commissioned Second Lieutenant Royal Garrison Artillery 20/10/1915 and absorbed into Anti-Aircraft Section, Royal Artillery 7/06/1916. Lieutenant 1/07/1917. Seconded to Royal Flying Corps 31/08/1917. Observor with 15 Squadron RAF 1/04/1018 and wounded 2/05/1918 in aeroplane crash near Amiens. Returned to England 3/06/1918 and transferred to Royal Garrison Artillery 3/06/1918. Awarded Military Cross 1917 and Mentioned in Despatches. Became a Professor at Adelaide University from 1928 and died in South Australia 15/04/1970. Commemorated on Sydney University Roll.

FRANCIS, Ernest (Jim) William. 529. Private. Entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 14/09/1915. Lieutenant KEH. Same Troop as Private George Bull. Born 6/02/1891 in South Yarra, Victoria, Australia. Ran a riding school at Cranbourne, Victoria. Two sons one of whom was killed in WW2. Served in the Citizen Military Forces in WW2. Died 21/09/1960 in Moorooduc, Victoria.

FRASER, John Neville (known as Neville). Private. Enlisted KEH 24/08/1914. Entered France 24/08/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery attached to 'D' Battery, 105th Brigade, 23rd Division. Promoted to Lieutenant in Jan 1916. Wounded 25/08/1917. Promoted to Captain in 1918. Returned to Victoria, Australia on 24/12/1918. Born the son of the Honourable Simon Fraser, Senator for Victoria on 6/08/1890 in Toorak, Melbourne, Victoria. He was educated at Melbourne Grammar School, before going up to Trinity College, Melbourne. From there he studied in England at Magdalen College, Oxford and became a first class cricketer. He served in the Royal Australian Air Force in WW2 and he died in the Sydney suburb of Lindfield in January 1962. His son Malcolm would serve as the Prime Minister of Australia from 1975 to 1983.

FULLER, Charles S. Lieutenant. Corporal. 2KEH. Entered France 4/05/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 3rd Battalion Manchester Regiment 24/10/1916. Second Lieutenant 1st Squadron Royal Flying Corps. Awarded Military Cross.  KIA 11/11/1917 while on an offensive patrol  when the wings of Nieuport Scout aircraft B6798 folded and collapsed during a dive on Dickebusch Lake, the aircraft crashed and he was drowned. Born 21/12/1887 in Hobart, Tasmania the son of Sidney Holgate Fuller and Emma Davis. Buried in Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension (Nord), Lille, Nord Pas de Calais, France. Commemorated on the Australian War Memorial Commemorative Roll.


GARDINER, Jack D. G. (Puss). 1323. Private. Australian transferred to reserve 17/06/19. Likely to have been born in 1885 (David Jack Gardiner) and married on 16/11/1929 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia to Jessie Hedwig Eustazia de Kierski. Died in Sydney 1/06/1951. Photograph see Figure 31.

GREEN, Roland. Private. Australian. No records identified beyond note in Old Comrades Association bulletin.

GREGORY, Warwick E. C. Private. Living in Sydney in 1950. No records identified beyond note in Old Comrades Association bulletin.

HADDIN, John Stanley (Jack). 1224. Sergeant. Born in Albion Park, New South Wales, Australia on 10/07/1894 the son of James Fleming Haddin and Sophie Mary King. Discharged 4/11/1919. Married Stella Hilditch Mayne on 28/02/1921 at Tamworth, New South Wales. Died in St. Leonards, Sydney, New South Wales in 1967. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Shown in photograph of Australians in the 4th Troop of the Reserve Squadron at the Curragh in 1915 (Figure 28).

HAGGER, Robert Lawrence. Private. King's Colonials for a year and 68 days prior to 1910. Enlisted in Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) 27/02/1917 as Private 18111 in the Army Medical Corps and was discharged 21/10/1919. Next of kin on AIF enlistment papers given as his wife Leonora G. Matilda Young who lived in Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia having emigrated in 1910. Born in March 1885 in Royston, Cambridgeshire, England and died in Sydney in 1978.

HAM, Frank Livingstone. Second Lieutenant.  Commissioned 22/07/1915. Born in St Kilda, Melbourne, Vctoria, Australia on 25/05/1878 the son of The Honourable Cornelius Job Ham and Hattie White Latham. Attended Geelong Grammar School and death reported in 'The Corian' School magazine May 1916. Died suddenly in service 13/02/16 of acute laryngitis reported dead in his quarters by Lieutenant Alan W. Lade. Full military funeral. Buried in CURRAGH MILITARY CEMETERY, IRELAND. Commemorated on the Australian War Memorial Commemorative Roll.

HARRIS, Hubert Lacell. 133. Private KEH. Acting Company Serjeant Major Royal Engineers. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Northumberland Fusiliers 29/05/1917. Royal Field Artillery. Lieutenant . He was born at Leichardt, Sydney in 1866 and educated at James-street School and Perth Technical. He was married to Marjorie Arrow, daughter of Lena and the late James Arrow, on the 27/03/1915. He was mobilised with the KEH in England in August, 1914, and proceeded to France as a Private on the 21/04/1915. In December, 1916, he returned to England and went through a Cadet School, and was later posted to No. 17 Officer Cadet Battalion, and three months later was gazetted to the Northumberland Fusiliers as a Second Lieutenant. From the 4/10/1917 until the 6/12/1917 he passed through the Army Signal School at Dunstable, obtaining Officer Instructor' s Certificate. He was then drafted to France, and posted to the 8th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers, but on the 6/07/1918, returned to England to go through six months signal course at Hayne Park, Signal Depot, Bedford. Later he was transferred to the Royal Engineers Signal Section. He was gazetted Lieutenant on the 30/11/1918, and demobilised on the 15/02/1919. He left Newcastle-on-Tyne for Australia in May, 1919. Settled in Claremont, Western Australia and died in 1967. His brother Lieutenant Ernest William Harris born in 1889 in New South Wales was KIA on 5/5/1917 at Bullecourt, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France with the 3rd Australian Machine Gun Corps.

HARVEY, William Charles Phillips. Lieutenant. Served in pre-war KEH. Promoted from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant in 11/06/1913. Seconded to the Colonial Office 24/08/1914. Born in Newtown, New South Wales, Australia in 1881 and died in 1961 in Victoria.

HAWKINS, Thomas. 1219. Private. Enlisted 11/08/1915 and wounded at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918 and discharged 11/09/1918. Awarded Silver War Badge 16881. Born 31/03/1895 in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. Served in WW2 with the Australian Salvage Section 1941-44. Died in Brisbane on 19/06/1953. Identified in a photograph take at The Curragh in 1915 shown in Figure 28.

HELLMAN, Arthur L. 1936. Private. Served in the Australian Imperial Force as a Driver 62 in the 1st Divisional Signal Company from 17/08/1914 until discharged on medical grounds on 20/04/1916. Supported troop landings at Gallipoli and return of wounded to Mudros, did not go ashore but was shelled. Applied for Gallipoli medallion. Served with South African Expeditionary Force from 17/10/1916 until Oct/1917. Discharged in England he then joined KEH and served in France until discharged 9/05/1919. He then served with the Malay States Volunteer Regiment from 1920-32 being commissioned as a Captain in 1928. Further served in WW2 1940-43 as a Warrant Officer Class 2 NX14481 seeing action at Tobruk with 2/17th Battalion, Signal Section where he was wounded. He was born on 4/07/1892 in Paddington, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia and married in 1945 in Katoomba, New South Wales. He died on 11/08/1976 in Sydney.

HESP, George. Private. Born 8/02/1865 in West Heslerton, Yorkshire, England and died 29/09/1953 in Gordonvale, Queensland, Australia.

HOPE, Roland Wallace (Rowlie). 1048. Lieutenant. Enlisted 21/04/1915 and entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 10/07/1915. On 5/10/1915 went back to Hare Park Camp, The Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland for further training until late in 1916. Severely wounded neck and shoulder with gunshot wounds 9/04/1918 at Defence of Vieille Chapelle and admitted 14th General Hospital, Wimereux. Promoted to Lieutenant in 1919. Born 2/01/1896 the son of George Hope and Agnes Gray nee Wallace of ‘Gnotuk’, Camperdown and died 9/11/1970. Educated at Camperdown Grammar School and Geelong College. Lived in Geelong, Victoria, Australia post-war and served as a Lieutenant Colonel 6th Battalion, Volunteer Defence Corps in WW2. Captain in photograph taken at Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 see Figure 33.

JEFFREY, S. W. 1831. Private. 2KEH. 'Came from Australia' noted on British War Medal Roll.

JONES, Harry. 1750. Private 2KEH. Acting Serjeant Royal Engineers WR12815, 205598. No 205598 served in Inland Water Transport section. Died in service 30/4/18 on board H.M.A.T. "Suevic" en-route to Australia of lymphadenonia. Next of Kin, Mr W. Jones, Salop Street, North Kensington, Adelaide and Mrs. J. Lawn (Aunt), Main Street, Mordialloc, Victoria. Entitled to British War and Victory Medals.

JONES, Robert W. 1888. Private. Discharged 14/04/1919. Did not serve in France. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Noted as being from Australia.

JONES, Wilfred. 1560. Private. Enlisted 15/06/1916. Wounded at the Battle of Paschendaele, France in 1917 with a gun shot wound to the hand, which damaged his nerves in the his hand and it became almost a claw. Discharged in Longford, Ireland on 28/08/1918 due to being classed as physically unfit. Awarded Silver War Badge 16880. Born 1897 in Ramsbury, Wiltshire, England, married Catherine Stewart in Longford, Ireland in 1917 and he died in Putney, England. Appears to have emigrated to Australia.

JUDD, William Mouatt. 1261. Private. KIA 09/04/1918 at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. The son of W. H. Judd from Mittagong, New South Wales. Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal. Commemorated on the LOOS MEMORIAL, FRANCE.

KEYS, John Hunt. 1602. Private. 2nd Troop, 'C' Squadron. Transferred to Rifle Brigade S/29116 Dec 1916. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 12th Battalion Cheshire Regiment 3/08/1917. Born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia in 1881, claimed British War Medal and Victory Medal in 1920 from an address in Bengalla, New South Wales in 1920.

KIBBLE, Sydney George. 1228. Sergeant Major. Serjeant then Acting Warrant Officer Class 2. Born in Redfern, New South Wales on 19/05/1876, educated at Hawkesbury Agricultural College and was a grazier at Mt Tambourine in Queensland. He served as Private 122 in the 2nd Queensland Mounted Infantry and saw service in the 2nd Boer War having enlisted on 1/01/1900 in Brisbane. He sailed to South Africa on the 13/01/1900 aboard the S.S. Maori King. He transferred to the Transvaal Mounted Police on the 19/06/1900 and returned to Australia on 3/05/1901 and was discharged 17/05/1901. He enlisted in the King Edward's Horse on the 11/08/1915 and was in 1st Section of the 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron in June 1917. Shot and wounded in the knee by a sniper at Pilkem Ridge, Passchendale on 31/07/1917 and discharged physically unfit on 6/10/1917. Awarded Silver War Badge 304,165. He died of natural causes in Battersea, London in March 1944. Photograph in the uniform of the King Edward's Horse from "The Australasian Traveller" dated 4/03/1916. Courtesy of the State Library of Queensland and biographical information from the Virtual War Memorial, Sydney https://vwma.org.au/explore/people/786363.

LADE, Allan Wettenhall. 710. Corporal. 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron KEH. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 11/08/1915 later Lieutenant. Brother of Sam Wade 711. Born 27/03/1890 in Ringarooma, Tasmania, Australia the son of the son of John Harvey Lade Snr. and Mrs Edith Maria Warde Wettenhall (nee Wilks) and died 12/07/1974 at Balnarring Beach, Victoria.

LADE, John Harvey (Sam). 711. Private. 'C' Squadron KEH. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Warwickshire Yeomanry 14/08/1916 attached to 1/5th Battalion Warwickshire Regiment. Brother of Allan Wade 710. Died of Wounds 5/10/1917. Buried at DOZINGHEM MILITARY CEMETERY, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.

LAMB, Harold Benjamin. 22. Squadron Sergeant Major. Served pre-war KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant, Leutenant 22/10/1915 and Temporary Captain 24/10/1917 with the Army Service Corps Entered France Jan 1917. Awarded Territorial Forces Efficiency Medal 1/07/1913. Born Turnham Green, Middlesex, England on 3/06/1883 and died in Manly, New South Wales, Australia on 6/07/1939. Awarded British War and Victory medals as a Captain in the Army Service Corps. Territorial Forces Efficiency Medal held in a private collection in Australia.

LAVERS, H. H. 6. Lance Corporal. Awarded Coronation medal 1911 as a Private (Trooper). Became an Infantry Officer and served in France. Possibly with Royal West Kent Regiment as a Lieutenant.

LEAKE, Edward (Ned) J. 1220. Serjeant 'A' Squadron. Born in Warnambool, Victoria, Australia. Brother of Leslie. Enlisted 11/08/1915 and awarded the Military Medal, French Croix de Guerre and the French Medaile Militaire as a Lance Serjeant. Posted to the Reserve 5/04/1919. Photograph of Serjeant Leake mounted 5/11/15 (Courtesy Great War Forum) shown under Nominal Roll entry.

LEAKE, Leslie 1221. Serjeant. Born in 1894, brother of Edward. Awarded Distinguished Conduct Medal. Posted to the Reserve 5/4/19.

LOADER, Ernest. 976. Private. 'A' Squadron. Entered France 2/06/1915. Sniper at La Bourse 18/03/1916. Discharged 26/04/1919 from Trench Mortar Battery. From Australia.

LOWE, Rupert. 1943. Private. Served as Lance Corporal, 552, 4th Victorian Mounted Rifles in the Boer War before KEH. Born in Geelong, Australia. Saw service with Citizen's Military Forces in WW2. Died 22/07/1965 aged 86. Further details in an article by Peter Nemaric: 'Sabretache': XLI, 8-14, March 2000.

LUCAS, Frederick J. 648. Lance Corporal KEH. Private Corps of Hussars 80211, Private 13th Hussars 535929. Entered France 21/04/1915. Noted as being an Australian and wounded at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918 with head arm and leg shrapnel and gunshot wounds. Noted as serving as a Private in 13th Hussars in Jan 1920 in medal roll. Mentioned in Van Agnew's book 'Memoirs of a Veteran Volunteer'.

MACBEAN, Ian Bryce. 121. Sergeant. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned KEH 24/11/1915 as a Second Lieutenant KEH upon return to the Curragh, Ireland. Lieutenant Royal Air Force.  Address on Medal Index Card is form the Mercantile Club, Durban, South Africa. Born in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, England in 1888 the son of John MacBean and Marion Watt (Hendrie) MacBean and left from Claremont, Western Australia to enlist  ('The Daily News' newspaper, Perth, 3/02/1916).  Brother Second Lieutenant Colin Hendrie MacBean, 10th Australian Light Horse Mentioned in Despatches was born 1892 in Fairfield, Victoria but grew up in Claremont was KIA 29/08/1915 at Gallipoli. Photograph of Ian B. MacBean as a Lieutenant shown in Figure 31.

MacDONALD, John Norman. Major. Sergeant of the Cambridge troop in 1907. Second Lieutenant 'C' Squadron KEH 1910. Major in command of 'B' Squadron during WW1. KEH 1910. Captain in 1915 see Figure 19. Wounded at Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Awarded Mentioned in Despatches. Studied as a Rhodes Scholar at Caius College, Cambridge. Born in Australia 8/04/1888 at Woollhara, New South Wales, Australia; married Iris Hughes in Bombay, India on 28/01/1926 and died 2/04/1972 at Eastbourne, England.

MACINTOSH, E. Private. No records identified.

MacKINNON, Donald. Captain. Served pre-war KEH. 'A, B and C' Squadrons. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant March 1914. Entered France 04/1915. Promoted to Lieutenant 5/06/1915. Attached to 21st London Regiment and sustained shrapnel wound 29/03/1916 and was invalided to England. In 1916-17 he commanded reserve units in Ireland. He returned to France as a captain in 1918 and, following the Armistice, again embarked for Ireland. At All Saints Church, Grangegorman, Dublin, on 12/06/1917 he had married Minella Beatrice Seymour. Discharged 25/03/1919. He was born on 30/04/1892 at Prahran, Melbourne, eldest of six children of Victorian-born parents Donald MacKinnon, barrister, and his wife Hilda Eleanor Marie, née Bunny. Attended Geelong Grammar School, Victoria and New College, Oxford, England 1911-13 and served with the KEH University Troop from 1911. Post-war he lived in England then South America and attended the third KEH re-union there in 1945. Awarded a Companion of the British Empire in 1958 and served as the Australian Ambassador to Brazil in 1957. He died on 2/05/1975 in Terang, Victoria. Photograph as a Lieutenant in KEH in 1915 see Figure 19.

MARTIN, Cecil Charles. 1725. Private 2KEH. Transferred as Private 389719 to the 655th Company, Labour Corps in Jul 1917. Enlisted 2KEH 12/07/1915 at Hampton, London. Invalided from France 20/02/1916 with rheumatism. Prior service with New South Wales Imperial Bushmen as Private 818 in the Boer War. Born in Madely, Staffordshire, England 27/12/1874. Traveled to England to enlist from Mudgee, New South Wales on SS 'Mooltan' 27/06/1915. Medals received by his brother 25/08/1921 as Cecil died 24/02/1921.

MAXWELL, A. 2057. Private. Australian. No records identified.

McARTHY, Justin Ernest. 1101. Private. Entered France 19/10/1915. Private Labour Corps 424157. Discharged 8/06/1919. Born in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia on 24/12/1878 and died 10/05/1929 in Moss Vale, New South Wales.

McCRACKEN, Edward. 1105. Sergeant. Entered France 8/09/1915. Discharged 3/04/1919. Australian. Awarded Military Medal and bar. Bar to Military Medal awarded for gallantry at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. No additional records identified - several E. McCracken arrivals in Australia from England circa 1890.

McCULLOCH, William B. (Wally). 1047. Lieutenant. 'A' Squadron. Entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 21/12/1915. Commanded 1st Troop 'C' Squadron in 1918. Awarded the Military Cross as a Lieutenant for gallantry 9/11/918 at Maulde. Born 17/03/1889 in Warbreccan, Deniliquin, New South Wales, Australia, educated at Geelong College, married Mary Viola Molly Atherton on 5/01/1926 and died in 1/11/1969 at Balranaid, New South Wales.

McGREGOR Alan W. 1130. Private. Entered France 20/10/1915 and discharged 5/04/1919. From Australia.

McINTOSH, Alexander James. 1046. Acting Corporal. 'A' Squadron. Entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 16/02/1917 later Lieutenant. Born 10/12/1890 in Hawthorn, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Attended Geelong Grammar School, Victoria, Australia. Traveled to England on RMS 'Medina' Aug 1914 to enlist in KEH. Married Islay Stewart McArthur (from South Yarra, Victoria) in Dublin, Ireland on 28/05/1917. Applied for medals from England in 1921. Noted in Old Comrades Association as active in Australia in 1965. Died in 25/05/1973 in Armadale, Victoria.

McLAY, James. 1499.  Lance Corporal KIA 9/04/18 at Defence of Vieille Chapelle. Born in Marong, Victoria, Australia on 23/10/1883 the son of Mrs. and the late J. McLay of Narrandera, New South Wales, Australia. Worked in Argentina and left there in Aug 1916 to enlist in England. Commemorated on the LOOS MEMORIAL, FRANCE. Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal. Remembered on the Honour Roll of the Marong Presbyterian Church and the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial.  

MOFFAT, Leslie Palmer. 'C' Squadron. Commissioned as a Temporary Second Lieutenant KEH on 9/12/1915. Awarded the Military Cross as a Lieutenant for gallantry at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Transferred as a Lieutenant to the 31st Lancers, Indian Army. Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal and Indian General Service Medal with clasps for Afghanistan and North West Frontier 1919. May have married Elizabeth Aloysius Doyle in March 1920 in Baltinglass, Wicklow, Ireland and had a son in Australia. Lieutenant Palmer is known to have lived in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia and applied for his medals from there in 1925. Photograph shown as Figure 31.

MONTGOMERY, John McLean. 1049. Private. Enlisted in 1915 and entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 12/07/1915. Temporary Lieutenant Mar 1917. Lost his commission and was Court Martialed in April 1918 as a result of chronic alcoholism after the death of his father 1916. Born in Balaclava, Melboure, Victoria, Australia on 12/01/1890 the son of Dr J. P. Montgomery who practiced in Camperdown, Victoria and he died 9/09/1922 in Terang, Victoria. AIF attestation papers for service abroad.

MOORE, Albert William (Bertie). 1091. Serjeant. Entered France 15/09/1915. Served with 2nd Troop, 'B' Squadron in 1916. Gunshot wound to right hand sustained in Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Discharged 17/01/1919. Born in 1881 in Fremantle, Western Australia (WA) and married Dora Margaret (Daisy) FERGUSON on 5/02/1908 in Swan, WA and he died in the Williams District, WA on 9/03/1957.

MURRAY, Eric Moray. 966. Private. Lieutenant. Australian. 'C' Company. Arrived in France 22/04/1915 and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the KEH 15/04/1917 later Lieutenant. A sniper who had a lucky escape when a shot by a German sniper passed down the barrel of his own rifle as he was about to take a shot. Born in North Adelaide, South Australia 13/05/1894 and died 23/07/1953. A series of his letters to his fiancee Miss Jean Marjorie Knox whilst in the KEH are (held by the Australian War Memorial) whom he married on 17/02/1918 in Manhattan, New York, USA. The letters contain little detail of his military service but provide an interesting insight into the hopes for peace and a return to 'normal' lives.

MURTON, Herbert Murray 1093. Private. 'C' Squadron KIA 16/01/16 aged 29 by shellfire. A sniper and entered France 16/06/1915. Son of Mr. W. A. Murton of "Kerribree" 661 Inkerman Road, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia. Born in Rochester, Kent, England on 8/12/1886 and attended Hamilton College, Victoria. Buried in MAROC BRITISH CEMETERY, GRENAY, FRANCE.  Entitled to 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal. Remembered on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial. 

NOTT, Edward Ross. Private. Entered France 11/09/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 10th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment before transferring to the 9th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Severely wounded at the Battle of Loos in Sep 1915 and invalided back to England. Returned to France Apr 1916. Served as Intelligence Office and commanded Battalion snipers. DoW 13/07/1916 received on the first day of the Battle of the Somme 1/07/1916. Buried in Abbeville Communal Cemetery, the Somme, Picardie, France. Awarded Military Cross 25-26/09/1915 for gallantry at Hill 70. Mentioned in Despatches. Medals claimed by his father A. R. Nott, c/o David Jones Ltd, Finsbury Court, London, England. Born in Strathfield, Sydney, Australia on 15/11/1893 and his mother was Alice May (Ross) Jones. Portrait photograph and notice of his death in the 'Sydney Morning Herald' newspaper 18/07/1916 shown under Nominal Roll entry.

O'HALLORAN-GILES, Hugh (Hew). Private. Pre-war King's Colonials/KEH with University Troop whilst attending Trinity Hall, Cambridge 1909-12 studying law after attending Tonbridge School, England 1907-08. Enlisted 1914 and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Field Artillery in Dec 1914. Entered France 19/08/1915. Served in Salonika with 'C' Battery, 114th Brigade, 26th Division 1916-19. Promoted to Major and awarded French Croix de Guerre and Mentioned in Despatches 11/06/1918. Born 27/10/1889 in Mitcham, Adelaide, South Australia. Served in WW2 as a Major, 57th Brigade Royal Field Artillery SX24509, Australian Military Forces. Died 7/04/1987 at the age of 97 as one of the last of the King's Colonials/KEH. Brother of Second Lieutenant Robert O'Halloran Giles KEH.

O'HALLORAN GILES, Robert. Private Hussars 34111. Second Lieutenant KEH promoted to Lieutenant Dec 1917. Taken Prisoner of War 9/04/1918 at defence of Vieille Chapelle with 4th Troop, 'A' Squadron and DOW 26/04/18 aged 21. Son of Thomas O'Halloran Giles and Jean O'Halloran Giles, of Adelaide, Australia. Attended Geelong Grammar School, Victoria, Australia. Buried in TOURNAI COMMUNAL CEMETERY ALLIED EXTENSION, BELGIUM. Remembered on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial. Brother of Hew O'Halloran Giles, KEH.
Hew. Lieutenant. Portrait photograph on www.kingewardshorse.net

PAIN, Kenneth Wellesley. 225. Private KEH. Article in Sydney Morning Herald in 1916 states that in August 1914 he re-joined the King Edward's Horse indicating prior-service in pre-war 1914 possibly whilst attending Cambridge or Oxford University. From Australia. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery (RFA) 8/12/1914. Embarked for France 19/09/1915. Served in Salonika as Adjutant to 117th Brigade RFA from Feb 1916. Severely wounded 27/02/1916. Captain RFA on British War Medal and Victory Medal roll. Mentioned in Despatches. Born 18/01/1889 in Sydney New South Wales the son of the Bishop of Gippsland, Sale, Victoria, Australia and married Mabel Naish 19/08/1915 in Woking, England and died 01/02/1959 in Sydney. Lived in Concord, Sydney in 1924. His son Graeme Kenneth KIA with the Royal Australian Air Force in 1944. Named in 'Our Forgotten Volunteers: Australians and New Zealanders with Serbs in World War One' by Bojan Pajic.

PEEL, A. R. (John). Private. Australian. No records identified.

PHILP,  Richard William Manning Haigh. 495. Private. Commissioned 9/11/1914 as a Captain 91st Brigade Royal Field Artillery and entered France 21/07/1915. KIA 5/10/1916. Buried in Carnoy Military Cemetery, Piacardie, the Somme, France. Born 9/11/1888 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia the son of Richard Philp and Gertrude Manning from Geelong, Victoria.  Married Kathleen Philp in Sussex, England in Jan 1915. Awarded 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medals and Mentioned in Despatches (London Gazette) 4/01/1917. Medals claimed by his widow from an address in Toorak, Melbourne. Commemorated on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial.

PORTUS, Garnet Vere (Jerry). Private King's Colonials. Served 1909 from comments made about serving under the same Serjeant-Major as Watson Douglas Shennen in his obituary in 1937. Born 7/06/1883 in Morpeth, New South Wales and died 15/06/1954 in Adelaide, South Australia. An academic historian, author and theologian who studied at Sydney University and Oxford University 1909-1911 where no doubt he enlisted in the King's Colonials. A Rhodes scholar and played rugby for England.

PRIESTLEY, Charles. 1095. Private. Entered France 15/09/1915 and discharged 4/04/1919. Australian. Shown in photograph in Figure 22 of Hotchkiss Machine Gun team at Valhuon in 1916. Entitled to 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.

RANDERS, Harold K. 1722. Private. 'B' and 'C' Squadron. Posted as missing at the defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Discharged 15/03/1919. Born in Denmark but grew up pre-war in Australia. Settled in Argentina after the war. Died 13/02/1943 after being attacked by a co-worker on a ranch. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

ROSS, Outram (Rossie). 703. Acting Corporal. 2nd Troop 'B' Squadron in 1915. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant Machine Gun Corps 27/05/1917 later Temporary Lieutenant Tank Corps. Born in the Cedars near Mackay, Queensland, Australia 27/05/1886 the son of Henry Ross. Was in America when war was declared and went to England to enlist. Married Sylvia May Burbidge in Brisbane 11/08/1919. Settled in New Zealand where he died in KatiKati, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand in 1961.

SADLIER, John Raymond. 1102. Private. Entered France 18/11/1915. Commissioned 26/03/1918 as a Second Lieutenant in the Somerset Light Infantry. Born in Grange, South Australia in 1893 the son of Nicholas Clarke and Johanna Georgina (nee' Sturgess) Sadlier and he was raised in the McLaren Vale, Onkaparinga, South Australia. Educated at St Peter's College, Adelaide, South Australia and employed as a Bank Clerk. He left for England to enlist in February 1915. He was later invalided to England suffering from trench fever and when it was determined he was not likely to recover sufficiently to return to the firing line, was posted to the Palace Barracks in Belfast, Ireland as an instructor. He died of a war related illness in England on 26/11/1918.  He was buried in Grantham Cemetery, Lincolnshire. Commemorated on the Adelaide National War Memorial, Hackney St Peter's College Fallen Honour Board and the Australian Virtual War Memorial (with portrait photograph). Note that his name is incorrectly recorded as Sadleir on many documents. Brothers DeVere and Charles both enlisted from the Argentine and served in the British Army and their sister Angela served in Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve.

SAILL, Edward C. 935. Private. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 5/04/1918. Born 25/05/1891 in Croydon, Surrey, England, married Lillian Rose Rice and lived post-war Peakhurst, Sydney, Australia until his death on 4/07/1976. Portrait photograph as a Lieutenant in the KEH shown under Nominal Roll entry.

SAYER, William Thomas. Private.  Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 160th Field Company, Royal Engineers 20/09/1915. KIA 5/06/1916 while preparing to set mines close to German workings at Vermilles. Born in 1888 and raised in Geelong, Victoria, Australia educated at Geelong Grammar School and Ballarat School of Mines. He was a mine manager in Queensland before travelling to the United States of America in 1912 to further his mining experience. Second son of the late J. W. Sayer and Mrs. Sayer, Newtown, Geelong. Commemorated on the Arras Memorial, Arras, Nord Pas de Calais, France and the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial. Photograph shown under Nominal Roll entry.

SIMPSON, Brian George Cannon. Private KEH. Second Lieutenant, 20th Trench Mortar Battery, Royal Horse Artillery, B.E.F., France. Enlisting in England, where he was studying sculpture, 4th August, 1914, joined KEH and later commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Horse Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division, volunteering for Trench Mortar Section. Early education at Sydney Church of England Grammar School. Later at St. Paul's College, University of Sydney 1910-1912 Bachelor of Arts. He gave his life through an act of initial bravery, climbing a tree in full view of the German Lines to shoot a sniper and was hit coming down. Died of Peritonitis 29/07/1915 ensuing from wounds received on 22nd July aged 22. Son of the late George Hamilton Cassan Simpson and Lilian Thompson of Sydney New South Wales. Born 1 Nov 1892 in New South Wales, Australia and buried in Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Poperinge, West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen), Belgium. Photograph in RHA uniform.

SIMPSON, George Barre Goldie. Private. King's Colonials 1906-09. Born in Woolahra, New South Wales in 1887. Served with 'A' Company 4th Battalion AIF as Lance Corporal 866. Embarked Australia 20/10/1914. KIA at Gallipoli 6/09/1915. Son of Archibald Henry and Alice Marion Simpson. Buried in Johnston's Jolly Cemetery.

SLY, Alec Foushew. 873. Private 2KEH. Entered France 5/05/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 1st Battalion Cheshire Regiment 8/03/1916, later a Lieutenant in the Nigeria Regiment. Australian but unable to identify any additional records.

SMITH, John. 1397. Private. Enlisted 11/01/1916 and entered France 7/09/1916. Wounded at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9/04/1918 with gun shot wound shoulder and face. Commissioned as a Reverend in the Australian Imperial Force 6/02/1919. Born in Stewarton, Ayrshire, Scotland in 1875. Applied for medals from Kattaning, Western Australia where he was a Minister pre and post-war. British War Medal and Victory medal held by the Western Australian museum. Brother Private David Smith, 1427 with the 7th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force was KIA at Gallipoli on 8/08/1915 and buried in Johnston's Jolly Cemetery.

STEWART, William Malcolm. 918. Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 3rd Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 6/04/1915. Entered France 5/01/1916. Later Captain attached to the 23rd Battalion Machine Gun Corps. He attended St Peter’s College, Adelaide 1894 -1899 and sometime after leaving went to South Africa, where at 19 years of age he joined the Natal Light Horse. He subsequently joined the Third Australian Contingent. After being present in several engagements he returned to the Commonwealth with them. Captain Stewart obtained a commission in the Rhodesian Military Police, and thence went to England to enlist. Died of Wounds  27/10/1916 at the Battle of Flers-Courceletteon on the Somme. Mentioned in Despatches. Born in Port Pirie, South Australia in Apr 1881 the son of Robert Walter and Gertrude Theodora Fydell Stewart (nee Lindsay). Buried in Grove Town Cemetery, Meaulte, France. Commemorated on the Hackney St Peter's College Fallen Honour Board.

STRETCH, Samuel Alexander Cliffe. 1218. Private. Enlisted 6/08/1915. Discharged 12/07/1919. Served in WW2 as Corporal V236291 with 7th Volunteer Defence Corps 1942-45. Born 23/06/1894 in Rokewood, Victoria, Australia and educated at Geelong College. Married Agatha Mary Crawford in 1924 in Victoria and they had two children during their marriage. He died 5/07/1957 in Ballarat, Victoria.

SULLIVAN, Kevin Irving. 1216. Acting Corporal. Enlisted 13/08/1915. Promoted to Acting Corporal 17/03/1916 and reverted to Lance Corporal on being charged with gambling in Corporals Room 19/03/1916 at Curragh with 4th Troop, Reserve Squadron. Served in France from 17/07/1916, promoted to Lance Corporal 17/04/1917 as a Machine Gunner. Served in Italy 20/12/1917 until 10/03/1918. Taken Prisoner of War 5/11/1918 having been and posted as Missing in Action 9/04/1918 and interred in a camp at Gardelegen, Germany. Treated for Exposure incurred whilst a Prisoner of War at Lille Hospital. Repatriated to Dover 19/11/1918. Discharged 22/06/1919. Born in Glebe, New South Wales in 1894 and was employed as a farmer at a a cattle station at Coonamba, New South Wales and family home was at Darling Point, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Post war worked in Queensland and died in 1955 in Newtown, New South Wales. Details from Service papers and Red Cross Missing In Action and Wounded record, Australian War Memorial. Appears in photograph of 4th Troop Reserve Squadron, Curragh, 1915 as shown in Figure 28.

SYME, David Allan. Private. 'C' Squadron. Born in Kew, Victoria, Australia in 1893 the son of Mr and Mrs Francis Syme. Educated at Brighton Grammar School and Clare College, Cambridge. Went to England in 1913. Enlisted KEH and likely to have seen service with University Troop pre-War whilst at Cambridge. Commissioned in KEH and went to France and then transferred to Tank Corps where he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and then promoted to Captain. Trained in England before returning to France and wounded in 1917. Served post war in the Berkshire Regiment then joined Royal Tank Regiment as a Major. KIA 8/08/1944 in Normandy as a Lieutenant Colonel and buried in BRETTEVILLE-SUR-LAIZE CANADIAN WAR CEMETERY, Calvados, France. Awarded Military Cross. Obituary in the 'Melbourne Age' newspaper 31/08/1944. Brother Sergeant Noel Herbert Syme born in January 1892 in Palmerston North, New Zealand and KIA 10/05/1917 with 1st Australian Divisional Supply Column. Noel is buried in the Grevillers British Cemetery, Grevillers, France.

TEARE, John Stewart. 437. Private KEH. Entered France Dec 1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the attached to 108th Battery, Royal Field Artillery. Awarded the Military Cross in 1916. KIA 31/07/1917.  Born in Blawyn, Victoria, Australia in 1893 the son of John Corlett and Marion Melville Teare of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He was working for Bennie, Teare and Co. and he enlisted in England in 1914, when he was at Birmingham University studying electrical engineering. His name is commemorated on the Menin Gate, Belgium and the Australian War Memorial. His elder brother, Athol M. Teare, served in the Australian Imperial Force, New South Wales Division and gained an Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He was wounded in this action and hospitalised in England before returning to the front. He returned to Australia after the war. His younger brother Philip Teare joined the Australian Imperial Force becoming a Captain in the artillery. Photograph of John Teare in the uniform of the RFA available.

THOMAS, David Lewis. 1280. Private KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 253rd Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers Sep 1916. KIA 30/03/1918. Born in 1881 the son of William and Ann Thomas of Happy Valley, Victoria, Australia and was educated at the Dana Street School, Buley's Grenville College and then the Ballarat School of Mines. He went to South Africa in 1906 and managed a gold mine in Rhodesia where he enlisted as a Private in the KEH. Buried in the ADELAIDE CEMETERY, VILLERS-BRETONNEUX, France. Biography and civilian portrait photograph can be found at https://bih.federation.edu.au/index.php/David_L._Thomas. His brother William Thomas noted as in service in West Africa.

THOMSON, Ninian Alan. 1065 Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 20/07/1915 KEH. Lieutenant KEH 08/1916 and became Signaling Officer HQ staff 04/1917 to 10/1918. Lived in Queanbeyan, New South Wales. Director of Mauri Brothers and Thomson. Died 2/04/1952 in Sydney.

TOOGOOD, Percy William. 653. Private. KIA 25/08/1915 aged 27. Percy was born at Rosehill, Parramatta, Sydney, New South Wales on 15th June, 1888 to parents Laurence William and Eliza Toogood (nee Jones). From newspaper reports Percy was practising dental surgery in the town of Condobolin, in the central west region of New South Wales, between 1911 & 1912. From newspaper reports Percy went to New Zealand then on to England & had arrived in England a fortnight before war broke out. In early January, 1915, Percy wrote to Mr Stenmark, for whom he had worked for in his dental practice at Parramatta, advising that he joined the KEH in London & expected to be on active service soon. Percy enlisted at Watford with the Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line. Percy died on 25/08/1915 at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire. Information from UK Army Registers of Soldiers’ Effects records that Percy committed suicide, however, Australian newspaper reports state that he died from wounds received in action. The death of Percy was registered in the September quarter, 1915 in the district of Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, England. Private Percy William Toogood was buried in St. Andrew’s Churchyard, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, England. He has a private headstone – marble cross & curb but his death is still acknowledged by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Percy is remembered on the Pitt Row Public School Roll of Honour which is located in what is now Parramatta at the West Public School, Parramatta, NSW. He is also remembered on the Parramatta and District Great War Roll of Honour located at Parramatta Town Hall, Church Street, Parramatta, NSW and on the Commemorative Roll of the Australian War Memorial. Photograph shown in Nominal Roll entry.

TWOPENY, Richard Ernest Noel. Major. 'C' Squadron. Awarded Military Cross (London Gazette 11/05/1917) and bar (Reported in the 'Observer' newspaper 18/08/1917) as a Lieutenant. Major Twopeny was born on 25/11/1893 in Hammond, South Australia and schooled at St Peter's College, Adelaide. He was commissioned into the KEH on 25/05/1915 as a Second Lieutenant and returned to Australia on 13/04/1920 .He married Edna Nancie Deeley in 1927 in Sydney, New South Wales. He died on 8/04/1946 in Adelaide having worked as a journalist in Melbourne. Served in the Citizen Military Forces in WW2. Hackney St Peter's College Honour Board, Quorn Remembrance of Those Who Served in the Great War Honour Board. His brother Private Thomas Nowell Twopeny was born in 1891 in South Australia and Died of Wounds on 23/10/1917 with the 13th Australian Infantry Battalion, AIF in France. He was buried in Etaples Military Cemetery, Etaples, Nord Pas de Calais, France. Major Twopeny's portrait photograph courtesy of Peter Nemaric is also shown as Figure 331.

WADDY, Richard Granville. Second Lieutenant KEH 1910, Lieutenant KEH. Lieutenant Royal Army Medical Corps, Captain Special Reserve. Entered France 25/05/1915. Born in 1885, attended St Paul's College, University of Sydney 1905-09. Rhodes Scholar. Worked as an ophthalmologist in Egypt pre-war. Lived in Sydney after the war and died in 1974.

WELBOURN, Herbert. 674. Private. Entered France 22/04/1915. Promoted to Serjeant 23/01/1919. Discharged 19/02/1919. Born 6/04/1887 in Jamestown, South Australia. Married Jessie Thomas in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England on 23/02/1911. Churchwarden at St. Mary's pre- and post-war and Clerk Bottesford Parish Council, Leicestershire, England. Died 30/01/1956 in Nottingham, England. 1914/15 Star trio sold on eBay UK.

WHITEMAN, A. K. From New South Wales, Australia on Old Comrades Association members list No. 1 in 1933.

WILSON, Reginald. 456. Private. 'A' Squadron. Entered France 2/06/1915 and discharged 4/04/1919. Born 22/07/1889 at West Maitland, New South Wales, Australia and married Victoria Olga Williams on 20/04/1922 in Sydney. They had three children during their marriage. Reginald died 17/02/1971 in Balmain, Sydney. Two photographs on kingedwardshorse.net

WITTHERS, Ivan. 678. Private. Enlisted 12/11/1914 at Watford and discharged 18/12/1916 due to sickness (epilepsy). Awarded Silver War Badge 115731. Born in Perth, Western Australia in 1887. Married Ellen Brown 7/09/1914 in Newcastle, England.

New Zealanders who served in the King's Colonials and/or King Edward's Horse or 2nd King Edward's Horse

Unless indicated with 2KEH the individual served in KC/KEH.

ABRAHAM, Lionel Martyn.  Serjeant KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Field Artillery on 4/12/1914 (London Gazette). Entered France 24/08/1915. Wounded once. Born in July 1893 in Palmerston North, Wellington, New Zealand the son of Lionel Augustus Abraham and Constance Palgrave Martyn OBE and attended Wanganui College 1907-12. He saw service in the King Edward's Horse joining the University Squadron in 1912 when at Pembroke College, Cambridge.  Was living in Palmerston North, New Zealand in 1914 and returned post war. 1914/15 Star trio medal entitlements confirmed on MIC. Served as a Second Lieutenant with the 12th Company, National Reserve in New Zealand in 1940. Died in New Zealand 31/12/1986. Portrait photograph of Second Lieutenant Abraham in the Royal Field Artillery courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

ADAMS, Noel Percy. Captain. Transferred to New Zealand Field Artillery. Awarded Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) on 4 June 1917. Barrister in civilian life. Promoted to Colonel and became Commandant of the Military Training Camp at Featherston, Wairarapa, New Zealand during the First World War. See image on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

ARMSTRONG J. Private. New Zealander who enlisted in 1902 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the King's Colonials in 1903 and shown with that rank on 1905 Officer's List.

ARTHUR, Beckham Paikawa. 111. Serjeant KEH. 2nd Troop, 'A' Squadron at Hutton Bridge, Hertfordshire noted in the 'Auckland Star' newspaper 9/03/1915. Saw service in the Boer War with the NZ Mounted Rifles (Rough Riders) as Serjeant 1383 and embarked with the 4th Contingent on the SS 'Gymeric' 31 March 1900 and also served as Captain with the 9th Contingent leaving on the SS 'Devon' 19 March 1902. Gazetted as 2nd Lieutenant in March 1915, and posted to Motor Machine Gun Service (of the Royal Artillery) at Bisley. Promoted Captain June 1915, entered France 8/07/1915, Major March 1916 and Lieut-Colonel November 1918 to command the 1st Motor Brigade Machine Gun Corps. Wounded at Loos September, 1915. Awarded Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) 26 July 1918 and Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) Three Times. Born in 1876 in Tokomaru Bay the son of Alexander Creighton Arthur & Mere Inoi nee' Ward of Tokomaru Bay & Gisborne hence of Maori descent. He married Pheroze Sorabji in 1902 in London. He died in Devon, England on the 11/03/1922. Entitled to Queen's South Africa and King's South African medals and 1914/15 Star WW1 trio. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph with family records and photographs added and the South African War Memorial, Gisbourne, New Zealand. Photograph shown under Nominal Roll entry.

BAKER, Richard Henry. Private KEH. May have transferred to Royal Field Artillery then served as a Gunner 79439, 43rd Reinforcements, New Zealand Field Artillery, New Zealand Expeditionary Force, 2/10/1918-5/12/1918 sailed on HMNZT 111 'Matatua'. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BALE, F. J. Private. From New Zealand, worked in Peru, South America and returned to England to enlist. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BANKS, Donald William. 2134. Private. Born at Kimbolton, Wellington, New Zealand 24/11/1898 the son of William Banks. Enlisted 2/04/1918, served in Ireland and discharged 3/02/1919. Joined Royal Army Ordnance Corps 24/04/1919 as a Private 5/9361 and served in Russia 12/05/1919 and discharged 12/02/1920. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BARRY, A. V. 335. Serjeant KEH. 4th Section, 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron. Royal Army Service Corps M/41355 (Auckland Online Cenotaph). Entered France 22/04/1915. Likely to be Serjeant Barry who was severely wounded whilst patrolling at Anneux near Cambrai on 20/11/1917 when Major Tutt was also severely wounded. Wounded at the defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918.

BAXTER, Gordon Eyre. 929. Private. Enlisted 5/02/1915 and entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Devonshire Regiment 26/06/1917. Prior service Royal East Kent Yeomanry 1908-11. Born Hinton, Ashton Steeple, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England. Son of Stanley Eyre Bagter and Emma Louisa Baxter, of Waranga, Omapere, Hokianga, New Zealand. Educated at South Eastern Agricultural College Wye, Ashford, Kent, England. KIA 8/10/1918 near Arras aged 28 and buried in St. Nicholas British Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France. Two brothers also KIA. Bernard Eyre Baxter born 2 July 1893 - died 29 April 1915 served as Private 10/275 West Coast 'A' Company, Wellington Infantry Battalion, Emigrated to New Zealand 1909 with family. Cadet at Weraroa Agricultural Farm. Fought at Turkish attack on Suez Canal Feb 1915 before serving at Gallipoli where he was killed. Commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial. Cedric Eyre Baxter 22/08/1895 - died 29/04/1915 (same day as his brother Bernard) unable to find further details. Gordon and Bernard are commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BELL, Cheviot Wellington Dillon. 2104 Private. Served pre-WW1 KEH. Promoted to Corporal in 1913. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 15/08/1914 in KEH. Transferred to 10th Royal Hussars and then Royal Flying Corps and crashed aircraft nine times and promoted to Captain. Became a Squadron Leader in WW2 with RNZAF 1944 OTC Blenheim. Born 18/08/1892 the son of the Hon. Sir Francis Bell, G.C.M.G. (NZ Prime Minister 1925), and Lady Bell. Married Dorothy Mary Newton 21/04/1920 and died in Masterton, NZ in 26/09/1960. Brother of William Bell who also served with KEH and was KIA.

BELL, William (Hal) Henry Dillon. Serjeant commissioned as a Lieutenant pre-war KEH. Served as a Staff Officer (Captain) 1/10 with the New Zealand (NZ) expedition to Samoa in 1914. Rejoined KEH, entered France 21/04/1915 promoted to Captain and KIA 31/07/17 aged 33 shot by a German sniper at Ferdinand Farm whilst in temporary command of 'C' Squadron during the great attack on Passchendael Ridge. Mentioned in Despatches. Born 1/03/1884 in Wellington, NZ, the son of Hon. Sir Francis Bell, G.C.M.G. (NZ Prime Minister 1925), and Lady Bell. Brother of Cheviot Bell who also served with KEH. Hal went to school at Wellington College. On completion of his schooling he went to England and studied at Cambridge University. From Cambridge he read for the bar at the Inner Temple and was admitted as a barrister in 1908. While in England he got married, to Gladys on 8 March 1907. He also held a temporary commission in the KEH. Bell and his wife returned to New Zealand in late March 1908. He became a member of NZ Parliament for Wellington and the first Member of Parliament to go on active service in WWI rejoining the KEH in December 1914 as a Lieutenant. Name commemorated on the YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, BELGIUM. Photograph of him mounted on his charger from Miss Enid Bell shown in Nominal Roll entry. Commemorated on a plaque at Trinity College Cambridge, the Auckland Online Cenotaph and is included among the names on the memorial bronze tablet to lawyers and law clerks in the Wellington Library of the New Zealand Law Society. Photograph of him as Lieutenant in KEH in 1915 see Figure 19.

BLACK, Ralph (Ralf) Wemyss. 1070. Private KEH. Born in New Zealand in 1874 the son of James Black and Mary Harcourt and died 1/10/1962 in Auckland. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Brother Trooper Colin Black, Auckland Mounted Rifles, 22nd Reinforcements, Mounted Rifles Brigade, New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Died of Wounds 17/11/1917 in Palestine. Colin was the fifth son of Mr. James Black, "Telpal," Prospect Terrace, Mt. Eden. He was an old Grammar School boy, and for many years has been on the clerical staff in the firm of Buckland and Co. Colin Black is buried in Deir el Belah War Cemetery, Palestine, Israel. Brother Hugh Black served with Australian Light Horse in Palestine. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BRENNAN, John. 1069. Serjeant KEH. 3rd Section, 1st Troop 'C' Squadron. Wounded Passchendaele Jul 1917. Transferred to Tank Corps 305381. From New Zealand.

BRIDGEMAN, Robert J. J. 1335. Private. Discharged 13/04/1919. From New Zealand. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph

BRISTED, Geoffrey Thornborrow. 329. Lance Corporal. 'C' Squadron. Enlisted KEH 22/08/1913 with University Troop whilst at Cambridge University, promoted to Lance Corporal 20/08/1914 and Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 13/11/1914 10th Regiment Cavalry Reserve which was affiliated with the 4th and 8th Hussars. Transferred to Royal Engineers (RE) on 8/08/1915 and went to Aldershot to attend a 3-week course, probably in field engineering. Upon completion of the course he was posted to the 3rd Field Squadron, RE, a mounted unit of the R.E. assigned to the 3rd Cavalry Division. He entered France 25/11/1915. Mentioned in Despatches 4/01/1917. Promoted to Captain 18/05/1918 and discharged 21/10/1919. Served in Iraq 1920-22. Awarded General Service Medal with IRAQ clasp. Born 16/01/1891 in Wellington, New Zealand the son of Richard Bower and Constance Bristed. Geoffrey was living with his mother and his siblings in Buxton, Derbyshire in 1901 and studied at Clifton College, Bristol 1906-08 where he served with the Engineering Cadet Corps as a Cadet Sapper then worked in South America before entering King's College Cambridge 1913. His father also served in WW1 as Major R.B. Bristed, RE. His occupation post war was as a banker in London and he died on 7/11/1969. Geoffrey is commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. See a full biography of Captain GEOFFREY THORNBORROW BRISTED, Royal Engineers, (formerly Trooper, King Edward's Horse) by Lieutenant Colonel Edward De Santis http://www.reubique.com/GTBristed.htm with an image of his medals held in that authors collection.

BROMFIELD, Sydney Lewis (Sid). 62. Private in pre-war KEH.  Serjeant entered France 22/04/1915 and commissioned 26/06/17 Acting Captain Lincolnshire Regiment. Lived/born in New Zealand then lived with parents at 636 Fishponds Road, Fishponds, Bristol.  Attended annual camp 1913. Went to France 22/04/15. Captain in the Middlesex Regiment Home Guard in WW2. He was living at Iver Heath in 1946.  Serjeant Bromfield (far right) sent this postcard of his section to his mother to 636 Fishponds Road, Fishponds, Bristol after having 'a very good time' attending annual camp in Bulford in July 1913. He is wearing 'B' Squadron (British American) collar badges of the King's Colonials. He is also shown with his section in Figures 146 and 149 attending signal training. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

CHENNELLS, Cyril Alfred. Private KEH. Transferred to the British section of the NZEF. 8/01/1916-8/02/1916 to Suez, Egypt on HMNZT 37 'Maunganui' as a Private 11/2057, Reinforcements, Wellington Mounted Rifles, 'B' Squadron, New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Born in 1892 in Masterton, New Zealand with stated occupation of shepherd and next-of-kin on embarkation roll his uncle William Boyce Chennells a Land Agent in Masterton. Cyril died in 1965. Name recorded on Wanganui Collegiate and Auckland Online Cenotaph.

CHING, William Thorne Wilmot. Sergeant KEH. Private KEH. Born in Remeura, New Zealand in 1888 and attended King’s College, Auckland and embarked on a promising architectural career in the offices of A.B. Wilson before setting sail for the UK, where he is first recorded as an Architects Association (AA) member in 1909. From 1911-13 he attended the AA’s Evening School, followed by a final year at the Day School in 1913/14. On the outbreak of war, Ching volunteered for the King Edward’s Horse, received a Lieutenant’s commission in the 351st Brigade, 5th Division Royal Field Artillery and was sent to the front in March 1915. He saw action at the infamous battle of ‘Hill 60’, near Ypres, where he gained the Military Cross for heroism, rescuing two injured colleagues trapped with burning ammunition in a gun pit under severe enemy shelling. He himself was the victim of a poison gas attack and, remarkably enough, was seriously injured three times within the space of two years. After recuperation, Ching returned to the AA and in 1919 he was appointed ‘House Master’, his duties including overseeing the administrative and logistical arrangements for the AA studios and atelier within the newly acquired Bedford Square premises. Ching’s stint as House Master stretched only for four years and in 1923 he resigned in order to set up a firm of heating engineers with F. Broadhurst Craig. He married later that year but in the summer of 1924 went into hospital for an operation to mitigate the side-effects of the war-time poison gassing, only to die on the 21st July, 1924 after a second, unsuccessful operation. See Nominal Roll entry for a photograph of William Ching under his name and also in a group of four Aucklanders in the KEH under John Hellaby. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

COOPER, Henry Mark Hugh. Lieutenant. 'B' Squadron. Embarkation date 21/05/1915. Died of Wounds 29/07/1915 age 29 and buried in Nunhead (All Saints) Cemetery, London, United Kingdom. Son of Emma Elizabeth Freeman (formerly Cooper), of Reefton, Westland, South Island, New Zealand, and the late Rev. H. S. Cooper, of St. George's, Canterbury, England. Date of birth: 10th March 1886. He was born at Lancing College on the 10th of March 1886, the eldest son of the Reverend Henry Samuel Cooper, house master of Seconds House at Lancing, and Emma Elizabeth (nee Green later Foreman) later of 26 St George's Place, Canterbury. He was christened at Lancing on the 11/04/1886. He was educated at the Junior King's School from September 1898 and at the King's School Canterbury from September 1899 to June 1901. He worked in the Canadian Pacific Railway offices before joining the Cranbrook Branch of the Canadian Bank of Commerce as a junior on the 6th of February 1905. In 1907 he transferred to Vancouver in Canada where he worked as a clerk but he left their employ on the 31st of December 1909 and returned to the UK on board the SS "Campania", landing at Liverpool on the 4th of May 1910. On his return he worked as a clerk for the stockbrokers W. H. Trott. He was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the KEH on the 5/041913 and was promoted to Lieutenant on the 28/11/1914. He embarked for France at Southampton with his Squadron on board the Transport “Palm Branch" on the 21/04/1915 and arrived at Le Havre at 2.30am the following morning. Disembarkation was complete by 8.15am and the troopers made their way up the hill to No. 6 Base Camp. On the 23rd of April they entrained for Steenwerek in Belgium; they then marched to Nieppe where their Division was headquartered. On the evening of the 29/04/1915 the Squadron was ordered to employ all available men for the construction of a strong point behind the front line at Wulverghem about 200 yards northwest of La Plus Douvre Farm. They paraded at 6.30pm and marched up to within half a mile of the position where their horses were picketed. As soon as it was dark they moved up and began work that night. Henry Cooper was in command of fifty men who were detailed to construct a redoubt. They were engaged in this construction for about nearly four weeks during which time they suffered six casualties. Henry Cooper was wounded on the 13/05/1915, becoming the first officer casualty of the Squadron, and was evacuated back to England where he died two months later at the 1st London General Hospital in Camberwell. He is commemorated on the war memorial at the King's School Wimbledon, the memorial at the Royal Military College Sandhurst and  on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

COX, Alfred Graeme. 64. 2KEH. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant. Commissioned Royal Army Service Corps 5/03/1917. From New Zealand.

DARREL, Richard (Dick) Frederick William. 1051. Serjeant. Entered France 20/10/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Tank Corps 3/02/1918. Died 26/02/1919.  Son of William Darrel, of New Zealand; husband of Annie Darrel, of Bangkok, Siam. Medals claimed by widow living in Siam. Buried in Manor Green Cemetery, England. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

DENNISTON, John Geoffrey. 221. Lieutenant. 3rd Troop, 'C' Squadron. Served in re-War KEH with University Squadron. Mobilised 4/08/1914, promoted to Corporal 11/10/1914, Serjeant 5/01/1915, entered France 22/04/1915 and commissioned 9/09/1915 as a Second Lieutenant and Lieutenant 1/7/1917. Served in Italy after France and Ireland. Discharged 3/12/1918. Born in 1890 to His Honour John Edward Denniston, Supreme Court in Canterbury, New Zealand. Studied at Christ's College Cambridge University. Returned to teach in Australia and New Zealand in Christchurch. Died in 1965. Noted in 'Southland Times' newspaper article 17/09/1915 as having been offered a commission and had served pre-War with the Regiment.

DONALD, Walter Alan. Sergeant KEH. Student at University College, Oxford University. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 2nd Reserve of Cavalry, transferred to the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. Entered France 17/10/1915. Noted in the 'Otago Witness' newspaper 21/04/1915. From Auckland, New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

DRUBE, Frederick Peter. 524. Lance Corporal. Entered France 22/04/1915 and discharged 5/04/1919. From New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

EARLE, Lionel. 700. Private. Entered France 22/04/1915 and discharged 5/04/1919. From New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

EARLE, Robert (Bob) Charles. 1319. Private. Born 14/12/1871 in Wanganui, New Zealand the son of the late Dr Robert Charles and Mrs. Eliza Ellen (Mason) Earle and died 17/05/1964. 'Wanganui Herald' newspaper 21/076/1918 reported he was wounded and presumed to have been killed in action at Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. He was taken prisoner having been shot in the stomach and right elbow. He had served in Ireland in 1916 then France and Italy. Discharged 5/03/1919 after receiving medical treatment in Cologne. Commemorated on the WANGANUI COLLEGIATE SCHOOL ROLL OF HONOUR 1914 - 1918, attended 1882-84. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

ELY, Percy Alfred. 4. Staff Quarter Master Serjeant, King's Colonials. Corporal Ely was born in 1884 and went on to serve as a Lieutenant in KEH. Freemason in King's Colonials Masonic Lodge. He was attached to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force as Assistant Paymaster to the New Zealand Forces and died of pneumonia on the 17/11/1918 aged 34.  Son of George and Louisa Ely (nee Valentine); husband of Lillian Ely (nee Hunt). Buried in KENSAL GREEN (ALL SOULS) CEMETERY, UK. Photograph from 1904 camp shown in Nominal Roll entry.

FEARNLEY, Ernest Walter. 1504. Private. Killed in Action. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

FEARNLEY, William George. 1503, Trooper. Killed in Action. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

GRACIE, T. S. Private. Transferred to East Lancashire Regiment. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

GRAY, Roland. Sergeant. From Wellington, New Zealand. Commissioned Royal Field Artillery later Captain. Engineering student in South Kensington, London. Noted as serving in the KEH in the Taranaki Herald 1/10/1914. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HANDFORD, J. R. Second Lieutenant, 3rd Troop 'C' Squadron KEH in Aug 1914. Entered France 13/04/1915. Lieutenant, 5th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment later Captain. Studied at Queen's College, Cambridge University noted in 'The Dial' No. 22, 1915. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HANNAY, James. 578. Private KEH. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 16th Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps 27/03/1917. Wounded. Awarded Military Cross 18/03/1918. Prisoner of War 16/04/1918 and repatriated Dec 1918. From New Zealand and commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HARRISON, Charles Fancourt. Sergeant. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron KEH 2/07/1915 on Probation. Commissioned as a Lieutenant 10/06/1916 and by 1918 Captain and Adjutant 6th Battalion, Dorsetshire Regiment. Awarded Military Cross. Captain Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry then Major in WW2. Son of Charles Fletcher Harrison and grandson of Archedeacon Fancourt, Wellington, New Zealand. Born in Wanganui, New Zealand and studied at Cambridge University and likely to have served with the University Troop of KEH pre-war. Married Gertrude Alice Pryor on 5/12/1918. Died in 1964 in Cheshire, England. Commemorated on the Wanganui Collegiate School Roll of Honour and Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HAYTER, Frank Goodenough. 607. Private KEH. Second Lieutenant 5/07/1916 then Lieutenant 4th Battalion, Manchester Regiment . Entered France 22/04/1915. Article in the 'Temuka Leader' newspaper 17/05/1917 states that he was wounded fighting in the Balkans campaign in December 1916 and is in a London hospital and has had an operation to remove a bullet. Born in Timaru, South Canterbury, New Zealand on 4/04/1887. Son of Francis & Eugenie Elizabeth (nee HUDDLESTON) HAYTER, of Rollesby Station, Burkes Pass, Fairlie. Brother Cyril HAYTER born 4/02/1891 - KIA 28/08/1915 as a Lieutenant 7/63 in the Canterbury Mounted Rifles, Mentioned in Despatches and is buried in the Hill 60 Cemetery at Gallipoli. Brother Chilton Goodenough HAYTER born 1/02/1889 - died 14/12/1967 also served in WWI as a Major 7/1167, awarded Military Cross and Mentioned in Despatches also in the Canterbury Mounted Rifles. Late father was Captain HAYTER, naval officer. 17/10/1918 he married Muriel MORTIMER-SCOTT, at St Mary Abbot's Church, Kensington, London, England. At this time he was Lieutenant. On active service from beginning of the war & considerable service practically throughout the war. His only child, Joyce, was born in 1919 in England. April 1920 returning to New Zealand. Discharged January 1920. Died in Devon, UK 12/12/1941. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HELLABY, Frederick Allen. Private KEH. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 1st Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 1914 From Officers Training Battalion. Entered France 18/12/1914. Mentioned in Despatches 1/1/1916. Lieutenant 3RD (AUCKLAND) REGIMENT (COUNTESS OF RANFURLY'S OWN) NZEF 1917. Also noted a Captain later Major Frederick Allan Hellaby awarded Military Cross with the Auckland Machine Gun Corps. From Auckland, New Zealand one of four brothers.

HELLABY, John. Private KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Horse Artillery, 2nd Indian Cavalry Division 27/02/1915 later Lieutenant. Mentioned in Despatches. Noted in 'The Wellingtonian' 1919, Wellington College, New Zealand. See photograph under Nominal Roll entry.

HELLABY, Richard Sydney. Private KEH. 'B' Squadron. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 129th Battery, Royal Field Artillery 27/02/1915. Entered France 14/11/1915. Promoted to Temporary Captain 15/04/1916 later Captain. Mentioned in Despatches 23/12/1918. Born in 1887. Son of Richard Hellaby (1849-1902) and Amy Maria (nee Briscoe) (1864-1955). Richard was the founder with his brother William, of R & W Hellaby’s, the great New Zealand meat processors. When war broke out in 1914 all the young Hellaby men joined the army. Amy Hellaby sold Bramcote and took her two younger unmarried daughters to London for three years, buying a house in Bayswater to provide a home for the men when they were on leave. Educated at Wellington College. Civilian occupation as an artist. Living in Auckland in 1951 and died in 1971 in Cape Town, South Africa. Noted in a 'Hail to the Hellabys' article in the 'Fielding Star' newspaper in Auckland 7/09/1915 as one of four brothers all serving as Commissioned Officers. Lieutenant J. Arthur B. Hellaby serving with the Royal Engineers. Richard first took up art seriously when he joined the Lambeth School of Art, London. Later he studied at the Julian Academy and the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris. After serving in the war he exhibited at the Royal Academy. In 1923-24 he visited New Zealand and the South Sea Islands, exhibiting and studying, and on his return to England he held a one-man exhibition of the work he had done on his tour. He has exhibited extensively in England and France. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph. See photograph under Nominal Roll entry.

HELLABY, Frederick Allen. Private KEH. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 1st Battalion, Devonshire Regiment 1914 from Officers Training Battalion. Entered France 18/12/1914. Mentioned in Despatches 1/1/1916. Lieutenant 3RD (AUCKLAND) REGIMENT (COUNTESS OF RANFURLY'S OWN) NZEF 1917. Also noted a Captain later Major Frederick Allan Hellaby awarded Military Cross with the Auckland Machine Gun Corps. From Auckland, New Zealand one of four brothers. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HELLABY, Richard Sydney. Private KEH. 'B' Squadron. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 129th Battery, Royal Field Artillery. Entered France 14/11/1915. Promoted to Captain. Mentioned in Despatches 23/12/1918. Born in 1887. Son of Richard Hellaby (1849-1902) and Amy Maria (nee Briscoe) (1864-1955). Richard was the founder with his brother William, of R & W Hellaby’s, the great New Zealand meat processors. Educated at Wellington College. Civilian occupation as an artist. Living in Auckland in 1951 and died in 1971 in Cape Town, South Africa. Noted in a 'Hail to the Hellabys' article in the 'Fielding Star' newspaper in Auckland 7/09/1915 as one of four brothers all serving as Commissioned Officers. Lieutenant J. Arthur B. Hellaby serving with the Royal Engineers. Richard first took up art seriously when he joined the Lambeth School of Art, London. Later he studied at the Julian Academy and the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris. After serving in the war he exhibited at the Royal Academy. In 1923-24 he visited New Zealand and the South Sea Islands, exhibiting and studying, and on his return to England he held a one-man exhibition of the work he had done on his tour. He has exhibited extensively in England and France. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HELLABY, John. Trooper. Transferred to Royal Field Artillery. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HERAPATH, Basil Arthur Conrad. 371. Serjeant. Entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant KEH 24/09/1917, promoted to Lieutenant. Born 6/11/1886 in New Zealand. Second Lieutenant in photograph at Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 see Figure 33. Died in Sep 1937 in Wellington, New Zealand. One of three Herapath brothers from Auckland, New Zealand who served in the KEH, all sons of Samuel March and Clara Herapath. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

HERAPATH, Cyril Alexander. 94. Private. Born in Auckland, New Zealand in 1891. Served in KEH 1/11/1910 to 28/02/1913. Re-enlisted 1/03/1913 in Colchester, promoted to Corporal 31/01/1914, Sergeant 30/11/1914 and discharged 31/11/1915. Studied at Queen's College, Cambridge University (The Dial No. 22, 1915) likely to have been in University Troop. Died in Oxford in 1952. One of three Herapath brothers from Auckland, New Zealand who served in the KEH, all sons of Samuel March and Clara Herapath.

HERAPATH, H. L. Private. KEH. 'D' Squadron. One of three Herapath brothers from Auckland, New Zealand who served in the KEH, all sons of Samuel March and Clara Herapath. Immigration records show a H. C. C. Herapath aged 24 arrived in England in 1912 from New Zealand and likely to be same person.

HINDLE, Harold Burn. 332, Trooper. "Educated here until 1912 and afterwards at Cambridge, was in camp with King Edward's Horse when war broke out. He was given a commission in the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) as early as December, 1914, and went over to France two months later. The following September he was wounded at Loos, but returned to France, after six months, with a howitzer brigade. He subsequently received two appointments as officer orderly, and in October went to England on short leave. His health giving way he was unable to get back, and during March of last year was appointed instructor in a cadet school at Bournemouth. In six months time the school closed and he re-joined the R.F.A., being appointed Staff-Captain on Christmas Day, 1917. Returning in February, he stayed in the firing line until he was killed on March 29th, 1918 (with G Battery Royal Horse Artillery). He was in the School XV. for three years in succession." (In Memoriam, 1914-1918 [Wanganui Collegiate School]). The Commonwealth War Graves Commission website gives Hindle's date of death as 27 March 1918. He is commemorated on the Pozieres Memorial, Somme, France. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. 

HINDLESMITH, Arthur. 563. Private. Enlisted KEH 12/08/1914 and promoted to Serjeant 1/04/1916. Entered France 22/04/1915. Posted to No. 7 Officers Cadet Battalion 9/03/1917 and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 29/05/1917 in the 3rd Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. Transferred as a Second Lieutenant 2nd Battalion, Wellington Infantry Regiment 28046, New Zealand Expeditionary Force on 6/05/1918. Born to Edmund and Florence Hindlesmith on 27/07/1889 in Dunedin, New Zealand where he spent 14 years prior to emigrating to London. Married Doris Beard in Hornsey, North London on 6 June 1918 and left for the front the next day. Wounded 29/09/1918 with gun shot wound to head and Died of Wounds on 1/10/1918. Buried in Grevillers British Cemetery, Pas-de-Calais, France. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph with detailed records of service available.

HINDLESMITH, H. B. 332. Sergeant.

HOBBS, Charles R. Private KEH. Driver then Gunner Royal Field Artillery 47237 and entered France 19/09/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 84th Brigade RFA in 1915 later Captain. Born in Hastings the son of Reverend J. Hobbs and lived in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand. Died in 1966 in Bristol, UK. Student at Cambridge University. Noted as having served with KEH prior to RFA in wedding notice as best man at the wedding of Second Lieutenant Kenneth W. Pain 1915 also ex-KEH and RFA. Portrait photograph in RFA (IWM HU 115689) available. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

IZARD, Theodore Arthur (Pongo). Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 6/12/1914 in the KEH and promoted to Lieutenant in 1915 later Captain before transferring at that rank to the Machine Gun Corps. Entered France 21/04/1915 as a Second Lieutenant. Born 20/10/1882 in the Bay of Islands, New Zealander. Prior service as a Lieutenant in 'B' Squadron the Amuri Mounted Rifles (North Canterbury Mounted Rifles) 1909-11. Named in KEH photograph taken at Longford in 1915 as a Lieutenant from the Old Comrades Association Bulletin. Became an Assistant District Officer in Nigeria, West Africa. British War Medal sold at auction in the UK in 2010. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

JACOB, Arthur Cecil. Private. From Fielding, New Zealand. Student at Cambridge University and likely to have been in University Troop. Entered France 29/05/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the 65th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. Born in 1890 the son of William Frederick and Henrietta Marie Jacob of Te Marama, Kiwitea, Fielding, educated at Whanganui Collegiate College. Address for receipt of 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal provided as 14 O'Connell Street, Auckland, New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

JEFFERY, Sidney William. 1831. Private. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

JOHNSTON, Guy Featherston. 2KEH Farrier Serjeant may have served KEH prior. Served in the Boer War as a Lieutenant 1363 with 8th Company, 4th New Zealand Contingent Left Wing 19/06/1901 after four years in 'D' Battery, New Zealand Artillery. Sailed on the 'Gymeric' 31/03/1900. Captain in the New Zealand Militia in 1902. After serving in France with 2KEH returned to New Zealand as a Lieutenant 12701 in the 13th Reinforcements, New Zealand Field Artillery, New Zealand Expeditionary Force from 15/12/1915 with an embarkation Date 27 May 1916 on HMNZT 54 'Willochra'. From Wellington, New Zealand in Boer War and Auckland in WW1. Born 2/9/1872 the son of Hon. C. J. Johnston, MP, Karori, Wellington, New Zealand and died 2/01/1941.Brother of Brigadier-General Francis Earl Johnston, CB KIA 7/08/1917. Born in Wellington, he was educated in England. Joining the British Army, he served with the Prince of Wales’s North Staffordshire Regiment in the Sudan and later in the Second Boer War in South Africa. In New Zealand on secondment to the New Zealand Military Forces when the First World War began, he was posted to the NZEF as commander of the New Zealand Infantry Brigade. He led the brigade through most of the Gallipoli Campaign. Later, on the Western Front, he commanded the 1st Infantry Brigade and, for a brief period, the New Zealand Rifle Brigade. He died as a result of sniper fire on 7 August 1917, one of three New Zealand brigadier generals killed during the war. Lieutenant Johnston noted as serving in the 2KEH in the Taranaki Herald 1/10/1914. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

JONES, Fred. 445. Lance Corporal. From New Zealand. KIA 13/03/1918. Accidentally killed in a railway accident. Buried in ST. GERMAIN-AU-MONT-D'OR COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, FRANCE. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

KELLY, . Private. Footballer from Wellington. One of three possible Kelly's in Nominal Roll.

KINDER, Thomas Harry. Private. A son of Mr Harry Kinder who lived in Arney Road in Remuera, Thomas had his secondary education at Wanganui Collegiate where he served as head prefect in his last year. He then went to study at Caius College in Cambridge. When war was declared, he signed up with KEH and transferred to the 7th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment and went to France. He was killed in action at the Somme on the 3 July 1916. He is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, Authuile, Somme, France and by a memorial plaque, St Mark’s Anglican Church, 95 Remuera Road, Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. 

KINGSFORD, Arthur. 979. Serjeant. From New Zealand. Entered France 5/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 176th Tunneling Company, Royal Engineers 10/09/1915. Later Acting Captain. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

KRO(U)GH, Henry (Shorty) Charles. 1377. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant. 'A' Squadron. Born in 1896 in Napier, New Zealand. Awarded Military Medal as a Lance Corporal for actions at Vieille Chapelle Nov 1918. Discharged 19/10/1919. Died 3/06/1967 in Rotorua, New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

LIGHTBOUND, Austin. 9. Serjeant 'A' Squadron. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 8th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment 12/03/1916 later Captain. Entered France 1/06/1915. Mentioned in Despatches 4/01/1917. Invalided out of service. Born in New Zealand. Commemorated on the Merseyside Roll of Honour and Auckland Online Cenotaph.

MACONNELL, Connal. Trooper. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

MACDONALD, Ritchie. 2019. Private 2KEH. Injured in fall from horse in training in Kilkenny, Ireland in 1916. From Mt Eden, Auckland, New Zealand. Born 8/09/1895 in Scotland and died 14/03/1987 in Auckland, New Zealand. Was a politician of the Labour Party. Would have been one of the last 2KEH to have passed away. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph as incorrectly having served KEH.

MACDOUGALL, Thomas M. 990 Private. From New Zealand. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 18th Battalion London Regiment 5/03/1916.

MACINTOSH, Herbert. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant (SQMS). 3rd (New Zealand) Troop of ‘D’ Squadron (British African) of the 4th City of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry. Born in Nelson, New Zealand on 2/12/1870 and served with the King’s Colonials from 1902 until 1906 and died in Christchurch on 10/12/1956. He married Alice Maude Barker in 1897 in England and they had two sons. An engineer by profession, he returned to England for a holiday in 1939. SQMS MacIntosh wrote proudly in the Old Comrades Association Bulletin in 1946 that he still prized owning his tunic and was disappointed not to be able to wear it and ride in the Procession as part of the Christchurch Centennial Celebrations in 1950 (The King Edward’s Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades Association Bulletin. 18: 18, 1951). The Full Dress tunic he wore is shown in Figures 60-66. See photograph under Nominal Roll entry.

McCOMB, William (Will) Collingwood. 806. Private. Born in 1881 in England, enlisted Legion of Frontiersman in 1909 in Liverpool. Discharged KEH 8/04/1919. Owned a printery in Auckland in 1950. Died 17/02/1961 in Auckland. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

McCONNOL, . Private 2KEH.

McCORMACK, Percy James. 1278. Serjeant. (Possibly photograph Figure 23). Awarded Military Medal 20/08/1919 as a Corporal. Discharged 17/06/1919. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Also known as Percy James McCallum. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

McKEAN, Archie. 384. Serjeant. From New Zealand. Entered France 22/04/1915. Wounded at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Rank of Acting Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant on medals. Discharged 19/04/19. Photograph on www.kingedwardshorse.net. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

McLEAN, Frank S. Private KEH. From Wanganui, New Zealand. Student at Cambridge University. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 117th Brigade Royal Field Artillery (RFA). Disembarked for France 20/09/1915. Lieutenant RFA on British War Medal and Victory Medal roll. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

McLEAN, John A. 780. Private. 'A' Squadron. Entered France 1/06/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Army Service Corps 26/07/1918. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

MOUTRAY-READ, Hugh Arthur. Private 2KEH. Noted as being at camp with 2KEH at Melton Hutments near Woodbridge, Suffolk. Born 15/03/1876 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England one of six children (three boys and three girls) born to Colonel John Moutray Read and Edith Isabelle Read. Lived in Auckland, New Zealand and worked as reporter. Married Florence Jane Islip in 1904 in Lambeth, London. Served in Boer War arriving in South Africa 20/01/1900 on SS 'Waiwera' as a Private, 529, 1st Company, New Zealand Mounted Rifles (NZMR), 2nd Contingent. Awarded Queen's South Africa Medal with clasps Johannesberg, Cape Colony and Orange Free State (with correspondence on entitlement to Diamond Hill clasp) and King's South Africa medal with class South Africa 1901-02. Discharged from NZMR 20/06/1900 and then served as a Private with the with South African (Transvaal) Constabulary after discharge from 2nd Contingent. Living in Folkestone, England in 1906 and died in 1939. His brother Capatin Anketell Moutray-Read VC (1884–1915) was born on 27/10/ 1884 and was commissioned in the Gloucestershire Regiment in November 1903 and served in India until 1911. While in India he was the Army’s heavyweight boxing champion eight times and middleweight twice. On the outbreak of WWI, he was transferred to France with the 9th Lancers. Wounded in September 1914 during an engagement on the Aisne, he recovered and returned to France with the 1st Northhamtonshire Regiment in May 1915. Captain Read’s citation read: "On 25th September 1915 near Hulluch, France, Captain Read, although partially gassed, went out several times in order to rally parties of different units which were disorganized and retiring. He led them back into the firing line and regardless of danger to himself, moved about under withering fire, encouraging them, but he was mortally wounded while carrying out this gallant work." He was buried in the Dud Corner Cemetery at Loos. As he had never married, his Victoria Cross was presented to his mother at Buckingham Palace by King George V on November 29, 1916. His VC is held in the Northamptonshire Regimental Museum, Abington Park, Northamptonshire. Hugh is commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

MUIR, James McLean. 287. Lance Corporal. Enlisted at White City, London.  KIA 10/08/1915. Born in Kinross, Scotland and emigrated to South Dunedin, New Zealand. Entered France 4/05/1915. Buried at LA PLUS DOUVE FARM CEMETERY, Hainaut, Belgium. Gratuity claimed by Miss Maud McLean Muir. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

NATHAN, Harold Lawrence. Private KEH. From Auckland, New Zealand. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery. Entered France 9/04/1916. Later Captain. May have been Mentioned in Despatches but no record found as noted on Medal Index Card. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

NICCOL, George (Tally) McLaughlin. 499. Private KEH. Entered France 22/07/1915, Acting Captain Royal Field Artillery 91st Brigade, 20th Division. Mentioned in Despatches 18/05/1917 and awarded Military Cross. Died in England 30/10/1918 of Spanish flu exacerbated due to the effects of being gassed twice and is buried in Putney Vale Cemetery, London. Son of Ada Beatrice and George Turnbull Niccol of Auckland, New Zealand and husband of Enid Norma Reed, whom he married in New Zealand, 1918. He attended King's College from 1898 to 1900 and is commemorated in their Roll of Honour. George Niccol appears on the list of New Zealanders in other forces. Born in Auckland in 1888 he entered Auckland Grammar School in 1900. Commemorated Devenport School, Auckland. Auckland Online Cenotaph has good detail and photographs from his family. He is also in a group photograph of Aucklanders in the KEH under John Hellaby in the Nominal Roll.

NORTHCOTE, Thomas (Tom) Francis. 324. Private. Enlisted KEH 4/08/1914 aged 18. Corporal 13/11/1914. Sergeant KEH 27/12/1914. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 25/05/1915. Went to France Jan 1916. Transferred to Royal Flying Corps Sep 1916 as an Observer/Air Gunner. Wounded by machine gun bullet to the leg in aerial combat Jan 1917. Returned to flying Nov 1917. Mentioned in Despatches. Discharged 20/08/1919. Lieutenant on British War Medal and Victory Medal. Attended Emmanuel College, Cambridge and likely to been in University Troop KEH. Born 10/04/1894 in Wellington, New Zealand and died 15/06/1977 in Christchurch. Photograph as Second Lieutenant KEH available on www.kingedwardshorse.net

PERRY, C. M. Private. From Masterton, New Zealand. Army Lists note he served as Lieutenant 9th (Wellington East Coast) Mounted Rifles 1912-1918. Service with KEH noted in list of New Zealander's serving with Imperial Forces.

PHILLIPS, Ernest Ivor. 238. Private. Born in 1890 in Christchurch, New Zealand as recorded on Attestation papers. Enlisted pre-war KEH 11/06/1913 and attended annual training camp. Discharged as medically unfit 13/08/1914. Re-enlisted South Irish Horse and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 30/07/1915 and later promoted to Temporary Lieutenant. Died 20/03/1937 in Bath, Somerset, England. Brother of Horace Vivian Phillips 237 KEH who was born in London. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

PINCKNEY John (Jack) William. 505. Corporal, Lieutenant KIA 11/04/1918 aged 23 in defence of Vieille Chapelle. Entered France 21/04/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 14/09/1915. Born in 1895 in Orari Bridge, Canterbury, New Zealand. Son of George and Edith Howard Pinckney, of Waikaia, Southland, New Zealand. Buried in BAILLEUL ROAD EAST CEMETERY, ST. LAURENT-BLANGY, FRANCE. Name commemorated on plaque in St Peters Church, Buntingford, East Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire, UK.

PRYCE, E. O. Private. From Halcombe, New Zealand. Studied at Cambridge University and likely to have been in the University Troop. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery. Entered France 6/08/1915. Temporary Lieutenant 2/11/1917 later Major on British War Medal and Victory Medal Rolls. Awarded Military Cross 3/05/1919 as Temporary Lieutenant.

PYE, Allan. 1154. Private. From New Zealand. Wounded at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Discharged 27/03/1919. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

RIDGEWAY, William Kemp. 1593. Private KEH. From New Zealand. Enlisted 28/07/1916 in Longford with Reserve Squadron after service with New Zealand forces having resigned to serve overseas 14/03/1916. Discharged 19/03/1917 through illness and awarded Silver War Badge #39056.  Born in 1889  the son of Thomas Gamage Ridgeway who was living in Surrey, England post-war. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

ROBBIE, Alexander Bertram. 1053. Private. From New Zealand. Entered France 4/05/1915. Discharged 4/01/1918. Born 17/10/1881 in New Plymouth, New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand and died 19/01/1951 in Waitomo, Waikato, New Zealand. Entitled to 1914/15 Star trio.

ROBERTON, James Basil Wilkie. Private KEH. Born 29/01/1896 at Wright St-Clair, Auckland, New Zealand. Studied at King's College, Auckland and then started in medicine at Cambridge University 1913. Likely to have served with the University Troop of KEH. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 11th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers. Wounded twice and served as a Signal Officer in France and Italy. Awarded Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1918. After returning to Cambridge after the war he became a doctor in civilian life in New Zealand. He then served as a Major in World War 2 attached to the Headquarters of the New Zealand Medical Corps, Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force, Service Number 462018. Was an authority on Maori history and culture. Died aged 99 January 1996 at Te Awamutu, Waikato. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

ROGERS, Harry William. 1440. Lance Corporal. Killed in action 9/04/1918 at Defence of Vieille Chapelle. Buried in VIEILLE-CHAPELLE NEW MILITARY CEMETERY, LACOUTURE, FRANCE. Lance Corporal Harry William Rogers KEH was born in Feilding, New Zealand and grew up in South Africa and is commemorated on a grave in Braamfontein Cemetery in Johannesburg, South Africa. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

RUSSELL, George Gray. Lieutenant Colonel. Born in New Zealand and attended Wanganui Collegiate School and then University of Cambridge from 1902. He served in the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps prior to joining the Oxford University Troop of the King's Colonials. He appears on the 1910 Officers Nominal Roll as a Second Lieutenant and was promoted to Captain on the 5/11/1912.  As Major Russell he commanded 'A' Squadron of King Edward's Horse in France before being promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in command of the combined KEH.  He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order 4/02/1918 and Mentioned in Dispatches three times. Lieutenant Colonel Russell died on the 7 August 1965. See Nominal Roll entry for photograph taken as a Captain circa 1912-August 1914. Captain in 1915 see Figures 19 and 135. A solicitor in civilian life.  

SAUNDERS, Ernest Valdrent. 1265. Lance Corporal. 4th Troop 'B' Squadron. KIA 9/04/18 at Defence of Vieille Chapelle from direct hit from minewerfer shell on Hotchkiss gun team he was in charge of. Buried in the CABARET-ROUGE BRITISH CEMETERY, SOUCHEZ, FRANCE. Awarded Queens South Africa Medal (Orange Fee State, Cape Colony and Transvaal clasps) and King's South Africa Medal, British War Medal and Victory Medal, Croix de Guerre (Belgium) as a Lance Corporal KEH. Prior service as Trooper 1435 New South Wales Imperial Bushmen Mounted Rifles and Quarter Master Serjeant 3080 Canadian Scouts. Born in 1875 the son of Alfred Godfrey Saunders and Anna Connell in Hereford, England and raised in Christchurch, New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

SHENNAN, Watson Douglas. 508. Lance Corporal KEH. Captain Royal Engineers. Born 30 June 1887 in Dunedin, New Zealand where his father Watson Shennan was a prominent pastoralist in Otago. Student at Cambridge University 1908 and joined the University Troop of the King's Colonials. Obituary notes he was serving with them in 1909. He became a Barrister in London. Re-enlisted KEH aged 27 on 8/08/1914 at Alexandra Palace. 17/11/1914 appointed Lance Corporal. 4/02/1915 commissioned Second Lieutenant Signalling Section of the Royal Engineers, 47th (London) Division. Entered France Jun 1915. Promoted to Lieutenant 8/04/1916 and Captain 8/06/1918 Royal Engineers. Awarded Military Cross at Loos 26/09/1915 and Mentioned in Despatches 30/11/1915. After the Armistice saw service in Egypt. Came to South Australia in 1921 via New Zealand and took over a vineyard at Modbury. Married Miss Florence Ellison, of Melbourne and had two children, Richard and Mary. He died in Melbourne on 25/10/1937. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. See Nominal Roll for portrait photograph whilst serving with the Royal Engineers.

SHERMAN, W. D. Private. no records found. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

SMEETON, Warwick J. Trooper. Transferred to Royal Field Artillery. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

STEWART, John (Jack) Francis. 1376. Corporal. 'A' Squadron. Wounded at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Discharged 5/04/1919. Of Maori heritage, born in 1894 the son of David (Heta Reweti) Stewart and Emere (Emily) Apanui Mair from Thames, North Island of New Zealand. Died in Auckland, New Zealand 18/10/1968. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. A younger brother David (Pareiha) Apanui Stewart was born in 1895 and Died of Wounds received at Gallipoli with the 6th Hauraki Company, New Zealand Maori Contingent and was buried at sea 16/08/1915 while being evacuated to Lemnos Island. Photograph of John Stewart shown under Nominal Roll entry (courtesy of Derek Wignall shared on Ancestry). Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

SUNDERLAND, Geoffrey. 509. Sergeant. 'C' Squadron KEH. Served with pre-war KEH whilst attending Cambridge University as part of the University Troop. Entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant in 'C' Company, 2nd Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment Feb 1916 later Captain. Wounded at the battle of High Wood in Aug 1916, and invalided to England returning to to France June 1917. KIA 24/09/1918 at Gricourt, St Quentin. Born 21 May 1889 in Swarthmoor, Poverty Bay, New Zealand. Enlisted 1914. Son of John William and Agnes Henrietta Sunderland; husband of Grace Lilian Sunderland of Ambletts Cottage, Chithurst, Petersfield, Hants (married 3/10/1916) Buried at BERTHAUCOURT COMMUNAL CEMETERY, PONTRU, Aisne, France.

TOMLINSON,  David Mitchell. 75. Private 2KEH. Died of wounds received on active service 13/05/1916. His name was recorded in the General Headquarters Casualty List published in the press on 22/05/1916. He was 37 years of age, and his progress in the army had been rapid and striking. He joined as a Private in the 2KEH, early in the war and entered France 9/07/1915, and was soon advanced to Lance-Corporal. After 6 months he was awarded a commission in the 13th Battalion Royal Scots and so rapid was his promotion that at the time of his death, 14 months later, he had reached the rank of Major. Son of Thomas and Annie P. Tomlinson, of New Zealand. Mentioned in Despatches. He was educated in New Zealand, and was an Associate in mining of Otago University School of Mines. He also held a B.Sc. in metallurgical engineering of New Zealand University. In 1906, Mr. Tomlinson went to New South Wales in the capacity of assayer at the cyanide works of the Australia Gold Recovery Co. at Lucknow, and remained in the district until 1908, when he went northwards to Queensland to take up an appointment as manager of a gold mine at Gympie, which he held for about a year. He then returned to New South Wales, and while he was there passed the State examination for a certificate as mine manager. His last appointment, which he held from May, 1910, until April, 1914, was that of geologist to the Collbran-Bostwick Development Co. at Doten, Korea. He had been in London for about three months when war broke out and evoked his prompt response to the country’s demand for volunteers. Buried at BETHUNE TOWN CEMETERY, Pas de Calais, France. Biography courtesy of the Northern Mines Research Society.

WATSON, W. E. Sergeant. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

WHITCOMBE, E. A. H. Private. Born in Christchurch, New Zealand. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Air Force.

WILDING, A. F. Second Lieutenant King's Colonials 4/08/1905 recorded in 'Hart's Annual Army List' 1908. From New Zealand.

WILLIAMS, Samuel (Sam) Roy. 184. Corporal. From New Zealand. Served pre-war KEH. 3rd Troop, 'C' Squadron Aug 1914. Entered France 28/07/1915. 2nd Troop, 'B' Squadron 1916. Discharged 28/02/1919. Educated at Huntley School, Wanganui Collegiate School and Caius College, Cambridge. Born Pukehous 7/02/1893 the son of William Temple of "Te Aute" Station and Annie Matilda Sophia (nee Puckey) Williams. At Cambridge when war broke out and served in France, Ireland and Italy with the KEH 'C' Squadron entirely made up of Oxford & Cambridge men. Came back to NZ in Oct 1919 farmed at Hawkesbury College then settled on Mangakuri Station at Hawkes Bay on the Mangakuri river originally purchased by his grandfather Rev Samuel Williams. Married: Joyce daughter of Patrick Burr farmer of Pakowhai NZ 4/07/1924 and had two sons John Samuel, Patrick and one daughter Jennifer Mary. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

WILLIAMS, Selwyn Coldham. Private. Transferred to Royal Field Artillery, 189th Brigade, 'C' Battery and promoted to Lieutenant. "At School here from the beginning of 1906, left with a number of others in May 1912, to go to Cambridge. While there he joined King Edward's Horse, and being liable for service abroad, expected to be called upon immediately the war broke out. With others, however, he was given a commission in the R.F.A., and for a time did special work at Home before going to France. He saw active service near Armentieres, in September 1915, but was invalided home again in the following January. Returning in April to the Somme front, he was associated with the New Zealanders in the attack on Fleurs, where, on his senior officer being wounded, he took command of his battery, and was recommenced [sic] for a decoration, which was never granted. His unit was later moved to some other part of the front, where he was killed on January 18th, 1917." (In Memoriam, 1914-1918 [Wanganui Collegiate School]). He is buried in Klein-Vierstraat British Cemetery, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

YOUNGHUSBAND, Leigh Norman. Trooper. Transferred to Royal Field Artillery and promoted to Major. Mentioned in Despatches. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

British West Indies

Members of King Edward's Horse (not noted against rank) and 2nd King Edward's Horse (specifically noted as 2KEH against rank) known to have left Trinidad for England in the Great War with whereabouts in 1946 if known (King Edward's Horse Senior and Junior Old Comrades Association Bulletin 14: 1947) and names from Caribbean Roll of Honour with contingent number.

To England before 18/10/15

BISHOP, Wilfred. Private KEH. Commissioned as a Temporary Second Lieutenant 3rd Battalion Border Regiment then transferred to the 11th Battalion after training with Inns of Court Officer's Training Corps 25/10/1916. DoW 06/07/1917 from indirect machine gun fire whilst on a working party midnight 5/07/1917 in the Nieuport sector. Eldest son of the late Clement Bishop and Emily Maud Garcia born 24/04/1884 in Oxford Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Buried in RAMSCAPPELLE ROAD MILITARY CEMETERY, Belgium. Commemorated on Port of Spain Cenotaph. Educated at the College of the Immaculate Conception (now called St Mary's College) in Trinidad. Portrait photograph shown of Second Lieutenant Bishop in the uniform of the Border Regiment circa 1916 courtesy of Angela Owens, Ancestry.  

HERRERA, Lionel Ralph Martin. 949. Private KEH. Entered France 1/06/1915 and served with them until 30/03/1917. Private 4th Battalion Royal Fusiliers 59126 from 12/10/1917 until 14/10/1917 then 24th Battalion 15/10/1917 until discharge on 21/03/1919. Born in Port of Spain, Trinidad on 30/01/1897 and left Trinidad for UK before 18/10/1915. Living in Trinidad in 1946. Died 28/06/1977 in Perth, Western Australia. Photograph available on www.kingedwardshorse.net

LANGE, Marc. 1094. Private KEH. Royal Fusiliers G/59466, Private 1st Battalion East Surrey Regiment G/26244, Sapper Royal Engineers 361856 with Field Survey Corps. Born in Port of Spain, Trinidad 29/07/1887 and left Trinidad for UK before 18/10/1915. Living in Trinidad in 1946.

JOHNSTONE, Robert Philip. 1312. Private KEH then 2KEH. Enlisted 23/12/1914. Entered France 5/05/1915. Discharged 2/09/1916 due to wounds with Silver War Badge 177,131. Awarded OBE for cultural activities in Trinidad. Born in 1890 in San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago and died in 1967. Brother of Corporal Romer Johnstone, 1316 KEH. Awarded 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medals. Information courtesy of Helen Pollock.

SHORT, Walter Mayhow Burgoyne. 1549. Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 9/05/1918. Later Lieutenant KEH. Left Trinidad for UK before 18/10/1915. Prior service with Royal North West Mounted Police. Born in Trinidad in 1893, living their in 1946 and died in 1951 in England.

Left Trinidad for England 18/10/15:               

BALFOUR, Cecil. 1298. Corporal KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Served with KEH 21/09/1916 until 11/11/1918. Military Mounted Police P/12933. Awarded Military Medal Nov 1917. Living in Canada 1946.

BYNOE, Clive Vickers. B/200735. Private 2KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Enlisted 8/12/1915 and claimed prior service Trinidad Light Horse. Entered France 29/11/1916, gassed and discharged medically unfit 31/05/1917. Repatriated 27/07/1917. Tried to re-enlist with 15th Contingent 20/03/1918 but rejected. Born in San Fernando, Trinidad in 1895.

CAMPBELL, James Alphonse. 1311. Private KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Discharged 5/07/1919. Living in Trinidad in 1946.

CLARKE, Stanley Radcliffe. 1855. Private 2KEH. From Trinidad with 1st Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent 18/10/1915. Transferred as a Private Northumberland Fusiliers 61215 then Private Tank Corps 302872.

COLLINS,  Victor Leon Monier. 1308. Lance Corporal. Killed in Action in France at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 09/04/1918. Son of F. A. Collins, Deputy Registrar of the Courts, Trinidad. Born 25/09/1896 at Port of Spain. Educated Queens Royal College, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Sailed with the 1st Caribbean Merchants and Planters Contingent on 18/10/1915. Buried in the CABARET-ROUGE BRITISH CEMETERY, SOUCHEZ, France. Commemorated on Port of Spain Cenotaph. Awarded 1914/15 Star medal trio. Photograph from Jerome Lee's Caribbean Roll of Honour under Nominal Roll entry.

DE GANNES, Raphael. 1302. Private. 4th Section, 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron Jun 1917. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Wounded Bourlon Wood 26/11/17. Discharged 8/10/1918.

DE NOBRIGA, Joseph Oliver. 1295. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Enlisted 6/111/1915. Served with machine gun section. Discharged medically unfit 14/08/1918 with Silver War Badge, B24035 awarded and returned to Trinidad 6/11/1918. Born in Trinidad in 1897 and died there prior to 1946.

DE SOUSA, Alexander Ramsay. 1306. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Discharged 3/11/1919. Brother of George De Souza, 1305.

DE SOUSA, George. 1305. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Taken prisoner of war 9/04/1918 and returned to England 20/11/1918. Discharged 5/07/1919. Brother of Alexander Ramsay De Souza, 1306.

DE VERTEUIL, Leo. 1828. Private KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Enlisted 5/11//1915. Transferred to Tank Corps as Lance Corporal 302933 7/08/1917. Transferred to 4th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers 27/09/1917. Transferred Royal Army Medical Corps 17/01/1918. Discharged 29/03/1919. Born 1894 in Brasso, Trinidad.

FAHEY, Frederick O'Brien. 1315. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Served in France and Italy, gassed. Discharged physically unfit 13/06/1919. Born in Trinidad in Jul 1891 and noted as living there in 1946.

FERREIRA, Edwin Lionel. 1296. Private. From Trinidad having sailed 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Served in France and Italy. Discharged to Reserve 13/04/1919. Died Sep 1948 in Port of Spain, Trinidad. Named in photograph of Hotchkiss Gun team at Valhuon 1916 see Figure 22. Brother potentially Private Albert Joseph Ferreira, 2nd/6th Battalion Devonshire Regiment, 2nd Contingent.

GALT, Kenneth Victor. 1309. Private. 'A' Squadron. From Trinidad having sailed 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Wounded at Savy Wood near Arras, France on 22/3/17. Transferred to the Reserve 15/07/1919. Born on 4/10/1894 in Chaguanas, Trinidad, British West Indies and died Aug 1979 in Monticello, Piatt, Illinois, USA.

GONZALES, Andres. 1307. Private KEH. Private Labour Corps 414475. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Died in Trinidad in 1945.

HALE, William. 1294. Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 15/03/1918 then Lieutenant, Labour Corps. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Awarded Member of the British Empire medal.

INCE, Louis. 1299. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Enlisted 9/11/1915. Returned 07/1916 upon discharge as medically unfit with chronic lung disease. Born 1896 in Trinidad. Living in USA in 1946.

JOHNSTONE, Romer Frank. 1316. Corporal. 'B' Squadron. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Enlisted Nov 1915 and entered France 30/12/1916. Wounded Ypres 1917 and Battle of Lys 04/1918. Discharged 8/06/1919. Born in 1881 in San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago. Died in 1963 in San Fernando General Hospital, Trinidad. Brother of Private Robert Philip Johnstone OBE, 1312 KEH and then 2KEH. Information courtesy of Helen Pollock.

KNOX, Wilfred Sidney. 1826. Private 2KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Private Northumberland Fusiliers 61244, Private Royal Army Ordnance Corps 043721. Discharged to the Reserve 21/02/1919. Did not serve in France and entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Born 29/05/1895 and died in Goodwood, Trinidad and Tobago. Brother of Harold (Harry) Dudley Knox, 1827.

KNOX, Harold (Harry) Dudley. 1827. Private 2KEH. 'A' Squadron. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. DoW 3/06/1917 aged 22. Born in 1895 the son of William and Celeste Knox, of William's Ville, Trinidad, British West Indies and educated at St. Mary's College, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Buried at DUISANS BRITISH CEMETERY, ETRUN, Pas de Calais, France. Brother of Wilfred Sidney Knox, 1826. Portrait photograph shown under Nominal Roll entry.

McINROY, William. 1330. Lance Corporal. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent and discharged 14/04/1919. Died in Scotland prior to 1946.

O'CONNOR, Brian. 1300. Lance Corporal. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent and discharged 3/11/1919. Wrote a vivid account as a machine gunner in the fighting at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle in 'Letters from the Front (From the War Memorial Number, CIC St. Mary's College Annual, 1919). Born 18/02/1895 in Caura, Trinidad, British West Indies and died 23/01/1984 in San Fernando, Trinidad. Brother of Roderick O'Connor, 1301.

O'CONNOR, Roderick. 1301. Private. 'A' Squadron. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent, wounded at Defence of Vieille Chapelle and discharged 5/07/1919. Born 12/09/1889 in Trinidad where he died in Feb 1970. Brother of Brian O'Connor, 1300.

RODRIGUEZ, George Harold. 1304. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Discharged 8/07/1919.

SEHEULT, Andre. 1310. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent and discharged 3/11/1919. Died in Trinidad. Brother of Robert Seheult.

SEHEULT, Robert.1303. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent and discharged 30/07/1919. Died in Trinidad in 1946. Brother of Andre Seheult.

SELLIER, Numa Joseph. 1839. Private 2KEH. Enlisted 18/11/1915. Transferred to RAF Private 139295. Discharged medically unfit. Repatriated. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent. Born 1887 in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago and died there in 1947.

To England after 1917:

AGOSTINI, Edgar Barnard. Private. Oxford University OTC then KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 17/10/1917 with 11th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Home service 08/1917 to 11/11/1918. Did not serve overseas as was born in 1900 and too young. Living in USA in 1946.

AGOSTINI, J. Leon. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 5/06/1917 with 6th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent.

BELGRAVE, Donald Carlisle. 76098. Private 2KEH. Left Trinidad for UK with 7th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Enlisted 2/08/1917 1st Hussars then transferred to Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry 32111 on 18/04/1919 then the Sherwood Rangers. Discharged 26/12/1919. Born on 7/07/1896 in Georgetown, British Guiana and died in New York, USA on 8/11/1947. Granted an Army pension as a result of contracting malaria during military service in Egypt. Awarded Silver War Badge 454,860.

COLLINS, V. N. Trinidad

CONTANT, Lionel E. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 20/03/1918 with 15th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Living in USA in 1946.

COX, Hampden Trevor Ashby. 2090. Private. Left Trinidad with 10th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent 3/10/1917. Prior service with the Naparima Light Horse. Born in Barbados, West Indies on 9/03/1895. Died of pneumonia whilst serving in in Ireland 09/05/18. Buried in GRANGEGORMAN MILITARY CEMETERY, Ireland. 

ESPINDULA, Felix. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 27/05/1918 with 16th Caribbean Planters and Merchants Contingent. Living in Trinidad in 1946.

HAMEL-SMITH, Eugene Sidney. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 3/10/1917 with 10th Caribbean Merchants and Planters Contingent. Brothers Lionel Hamel-Smith, 14th Contingent served with King's Royal Rifles and Arnold Harcourt Hamel-Smith, 1st Contingent served as a Second Lieutenant 5th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment before transferring to the RAF. Eugene died in Trinidad.

HATT, Ernest Leslie. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 20/03/1918 with the 15th Caribbean Merchants and Planters Contingent. Served in Dublin.

MARQUES Noble. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 20/03/1918 with 15th Caribbean Merchants and Planters Contingent. Living in Trinidad in 1946.

SPENCER, Hugh. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 20/03/1918 with 15th Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent.

SELLIER, Ferdinand. Private. 15th Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent. Residing in the USA in 1946.

THREADKELL, Edwin. Private 2KEH. Born in Trinidad. 27/06/1917 traveled to England to enlist with 7th Caribbean Merchant & Planters Contingent. Served in Ireland.

South Americans who served in the KEH/2KEH - (KEH unless individual is specifically denoted as 2KEH)

A list of Anglo-Argentine Railway men who came to England to enlist has been used to extract the majority of the following names. These men were entitled to a special lapel badge as per Army Order no 1067, War Office dated 27 September 1918.

1. The King has been graciously pleased to approve of a special badge to be worn by those officers and soldiers who were residing in South America (inc. Central America and Mexico) at the outbreak of the war and who voluntarily came to this country to join the Army.

2. The badge consists of the letters B.V.L.A. (British Volunteer Latin America) in a diamond worked in yellow on a blue ground. It will be worn on the right breast, immediately above the breast pocket of the service dress jacket.

CARR, Talbot (Tiny) Effingham. 921. Private. 'A' Squadron. Enlisted 27/01/1915, entered France 1/06/1915 and served in Trench Mortar section. Discharged 29/05/1917 due to sickness. Served overseas. Born 1883, lived in Argentina and died there in 1968.

CHADWICK, Clifford Norman. 623. Serjeant. 4th Troop, 'A' Squadron. Entered France 1/06/1915. Wounded at defence of Vieille Chapelle 9/04/1918. Discharged 2/03/1919. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Born in Southern Rhodesia and died there in 1946.

CLANCY, William M. Joseph. 1297. Private KEH. Private 1/10th Battalion Liverpool Regiment 91433 in 1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Army Service Corps in 1917. Entered France 5/05/1015. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Died in hospital of meningitis 16/10/1918 aged 38. Son of John and Winifred Clancy of Moore Street, Kilrush, Co. Clare, Ireland. Buried in GREENWICH CEMETERY, United Kingdom.

COLE, Arthur Diggs. 900. Private. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

COOPER, Herbert James. 735. Serjeant. Entered France 22/04/1915. Awarded Military Service Medal 3/06/1918. Discharged 22/02/1919. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

DAVIE, Algernon M. 994. Private. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

DAVIS, William. Private. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Discharged medically unfit.

DINWOODIE, Edwin Maxwell. 896. Private. 'C' Squadron. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Discharged 27/03/1919. Lived in South America and attended third re-union in 1945. Brother Allegne Maxwell Dinwoodie was also with the Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff and served with Army Service Corps.

DODDS, Reginald Charles. 1562. Private 2KEH. Private 10th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers 39906, Private Lancashire Fusiliers 40553, Private 11th Tank Corps 302777. Entered France 7/07/1915. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Living In Hounslow, London in 1919. 1914/15 Star medal Trio.

DOHERTY, Joseph. 1273. Private. Royal Engineers 193768, WR/126881. Did not serve in France. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

EDWARDS, Frederick (Fred). 1266. Serjeant. 3rd Troop 'A' Squadron. From Bolivia. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Discharged 31/05/1919. Not entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Lived in South America and attended the third re-union there in 1945.

FELLGETT, Sidney James.1642. Serjeant. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

FINKLE, James. 1565. 2KEH. Corporal. Transferred as a Corporal Tanks Corps 302860 then Corporal Northumberland Fusiliers 61225. Argentinian who enlisted from Argentinian Railway staff.

GEPP, Charles William. 1322. 2KEH. Private. Enlisted at Hampton Court, London. KIA 9/07/1915. Born in Valparaiso, Chile. Buried in LA PLUS DOUVE FARM CEMETERY, Hainaut, Belgium.

GIBBS Richard Tysdall. 1456. 2KEH. Private. Enlisted 29/03/1915, entered France 5/05/1915 and discharged 16/06/1916 due to wounds. Awarded British War Badge B10540. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

GOULD, John Ringrose. 1008. 2KEH. Private. Entered France 4/05/1915. Commissioned 2KEH 1/10/1915. Second Lieutenant then Major Royal Air Force. Wounded 8/7/16. Mentioned in Despatches (London Gazette 15/05/1917). Entitled to 1914/15 Star Medal Trio and applied for medals from West Byfleet, Surrey. Worked for the BUENOS AYRES WESTERN RAILWAY, LTD prior to enlistment.

GRIFFIN, Arthur Owen. 977. Private. Entered France 2/06/1915. Discharged 5/04/1919. Anglo-Argentinian railway staff. Entitled to 1914-15 Star Medal trio.

HAWTON, Robert Bond. Private. Anglo-Argentinian railway staff.

HAYHOW, William (Bill). 914. Serjeant 1st Troop, 'A' Squadron. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Entered France 17/06/1916 and discharged 4/04/1919. Awarded Military Medal.

HEARNE, Guillermo. Ramon. 1233. Lance Corporal. Accidentally killed 10/10/1915. Born in Buenos Ayres, Argentina. Buried in BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, NORD, France.

HOLTUM, Robert W. Private. Anglo-Argentinian railway staff.

HOWE, Trevor Guy. 2247. Private. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Enlisted 6/11/1918 aged 32. Wounded and discharged 6/01/1919. Claimed Silver War Badge No. B127054.

MACDONALD, Charles Edward Victor. 617. Private. 'A' Squadron. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal as Corporal. Attended third re-union in South America in 1945.

MARR, James (Jimmy) Edward. 1511. Corporal. 2nd Section 1st Troop 'C' Squadron. Wounded in the defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Discharged 23/05/1919. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Born in Cuba and attended re-union in South America in 1946. Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal.

McCRIMMON, John Thomas. 1889. Private. The Anglos South American Depot, London on 28/04/1917 on enlistment papers. Transferred as a Private 6th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers then as a Private 3rd Battalion, East Surrey Regiment 26249 later 1st Battalion. Granted 90 days leave to return to Chile 25/03/1918. and British War Medal and Victory Medal issued to him in that Regiment. Discharged 26/02/1919. Born 1882 in Valperaiso, Chile, South America.

MENKENS, William Edgar. 1568. Private KEH. Serjeant Royal Engineers WR/275822, 306757. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

O'DONNEL, Charles Francis. 1587. Lance Corporal. Charles was an Irishman who came over to enlist from Argentina in 1916.  Arrived from La Plata, Argentina, into Falmouth, 20/07/1916, on the SS DRINA.  His occupation was “Traffic Inspector” and he was aged 33 years. He enlisted in the King Edwards Horse as Private 1587 in Liverpool. He then transferred to the Rifle Brigade. His entitlement was BWM and Victory Medal.  He is listed as S/29108 Private Charles F. O’Donnell on MIC and BWM and VM Roll. He served with the 13th and 2nd Rifle Brigades. He was born 25/2/1883. Unpaid L/Cpl.  KIA 17-19 November 1917. Widow was Kathleen (Bray), Rathmullen, Ireland and they had two children Charles Joseph (DOB 10/10/13) and John Patrick (DOB 7/6/17). He emigrated to Argentina shortly after his marriage in 1911. His wife joined him a year later. Their first child seems to have been born in Argentina in 1913. His second child was born in June 1917. Name commemorated on the TYNE COT MEMORIAL, Belgium. Information courtesy of Gerry Rogers, Charles was his great uncle.

OLIVER, Harry James Gordon. 1269. Private. 2KEH. Entered France 4/05/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant Tank Corps 8/10/1918. Wounded. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

PARSONS, Henry Arthur. 903. Private KEH. Entered France 2/06/1915. Commissioned Second Lieutenant Royal Engineers 30/01/1918. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

PEARCE, Edward Lithgow. Lieutenant. Anglo-Argentinian railway staff.

PERRIER, James Black. 1064. Private. Enlisted at Langley Park, London. Died in service 19/01/1915. Buried at HESTON (ST. LEONARD) CHURCHYARD, Middlesex, United Kingdom. Born in Tongaz, Chile. 

RICHARDS, Richard. 1627. Private KEH. Private Royal Engineers WR/285721. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Did not serve in France and awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal.

ROBERTS, Arthur Mathias. 1038. Lance Corporal. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Enlisted 12/04/1915 and entered France 28/07/1915. Discharged on account of wounds 24/01/1917 aged 26. Awarded Silver War Badge No. B24036 (Photograph shown in Figure 20).

SHELDON, George. 1572. Private. Enlisted in Liverpool having traveled back to England from Valparaiso, Chile. KIA 25/09/1915. Name commemorated on the YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, Belgium.

TUDOR, W. J. Private. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

TURNER, Edward G. 1872 Private KEH. Enlisted 23/03/1916. Transferred to Machine Gun Corps Heavy Branch 7/08/1917. Private Northumberland Fusiliers (NF) 61210 27/08/1917. Transferred 7th Battalion NF 14/11/1917. Transferred as Private Tank Corps 302785 1/02/1918. Discharged 24/03/1919. Born in Nuninco, Chile in 1898.

WALROND,  George Basil Stewart. Private KEH. Commissioned in the 6th Battalion, Somerset Light Infantry later Captain. Prior service in the Boer War. Entered France 20/05/1915. KIA 19/03/1916 and buried in Agny Military Cemetery, France. Born in 1876. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff. Son of the late Colonel Walrond of Dulford House, Cullomton, Devon; husband of Mabel Walrond (nee Bloxsome) of Poley Street, London.  Mentioned in Despatches and entitled to 1914-15 Star medal trio.

WARNER, Stanley (Bill) Edward. 797. Private. 'C' Squadron. Mentioned in Despatches. Anglo-Argentine Railway staff. Returned to South America and attended third South American re-union in 1945.

WEITZEL Reginald Harben Private KEH. Commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Deccan Horse. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

WILLIAMS, Horace N. S. 1342. Private KEH. Serjeant Tank Corps 302823. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

WILLIAMS, Ivor. 1242. Private KEH. Entered France 5/05/1915. Private Military Mounted Police P/14035. Discharged 11/11/1918. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.

WORTHINGTON, James Edward. Private. Anglo-Argentinian Railway staff.


KC/KEH Officer's Nominal Rolls - 1902, 1905, 1910, Aug 1914 & 1919


KC/KEH Officer's Nominal Rolls - 1902, 1905, 1910, Aug 1914 & 1919KC/KEH Officer's Nominal Rolls - 1902, 1905, 1910, Aug 1914 & 1919
The Officer's of the 4th County of London (King’s Colonials) Imperial Yeomanry from left to right, back row: Lieutenant Lionel James, Captain J. Howard, Lieutenant P. Hare and Surgeon-Lieutenant L. J. H Oldmeadow, MD.  Second row: Second Lieutenant H. C. Corlette, Colonel Sir E. W. D. Ward (K.C.H Under-Secretary of State for War), Lieutenant G. Hamilton, Captain Sir Robert Baillie, Bart., Lieutenant A. G. Berry, Second Lieutenant W. J. Ratcliffe, Lieutenant Hamar Greenwood, and Lieutenant G. Seymour Fort. Front row: Major J. M. Vereker, Lieutenant Colonel Willoughby Wallace, and Captain and Adjutant Robert Roland Thompson in Undress uniform circa 1902 (Navy and Army Illustrated. London: Elliot & Fry, Volume XIV: Number 274, 147-148, May 3rd 1902). Lieutenant later Sir Hamar Greenwood was born in Canada in 1870 and notably served as the last Chief Secretary of Ireland between 1920 and 1922.  He died a Viscount in 1948 and a close-up photograph of him is shown in Figure 156.

Portrait photograph of Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James DSO, circa 1919.

KC Officer's Nominal Roll - 1902

Lieutenant Colonel N. Willoughby Wallace

Major J. M. Vereker

Captains Sir Robert A. Baillie, Bart.
J. Howard
R. S. Vaile

Lieutenants G. Hamilton
A. G. Berry
P. R Hare
Lionel James
Hamar Greenwood
G. S. Fort

2nd Lieutenants H. C. Corlette
W. T. Radcliffe

Adjutant Captain R. R. Thompson

Quarter-Master Lieutenant E. C. Hides

Medical Officers Surgeon Lieutenant L. J. Oldmeadow, M.D.

Surgeon Lieutenant Charters J. Symonds, M.D.

Chaplains Reverend Canon C. H. Wallace
Reverend A. Hunns, M.A., D.C.L.

Regimental Sergeant-Major J. T. McGowan

KC Officer's Nominal Roll - 1905

Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Honourable H. A. Lawrence

Senior Major Colonel H. Fortescue

Majors J. M. Vereker
J. Howard
Sir Robert A. Baillie, Bart.

Captains R. S. Vaile
G. Hamilton
P. R Hare
Lionel James
Hamar Greenwood
G. S. Fort

Lieutenant H. C. Corlette

2nd Lieutenants C. F. Stockwell
L. W. Just
R. G. Finlay
J. Armstrong
C. H. Hill
W. C. Robinson
R. M. Chirnside
A. F. Wilding

Adjutant Captain G. H. Earle (6th Dragoons)

Quarter-Master Captain W. Kennedy

Medical Officer Surgeon Lieutenant Charters J. Symonds, M.D.

Chaplain Reverend A. Hunns, M.A., D.C.L.

Regimental Sergeant-Major J. T. McGowan

KEH Officer's Nominal Roll - 1910

Lieutenant Colonel Colonel H. Fortescue

Senior Major Lieutenant Colonel V. S. Sandeman

Majors J. Howard
G. Hamilton
Lionel James

Captains Hamar Greenwood
H. C. Corlette
W. B. Pearch

Lieutenants R. G. Finlay
W. C. Robinson
M. F. Dick
P. O. H. Jones
J. A. McDonald

2nd Lieutenants W. P. C. Greene
H. F. Creswick
A. G. Cameron
G. G. Russell
F. P. Day
J. N. MacDonald
R. D. Furse
A. J. Gibson
R. G. Waddy
M. G. D. Murray
C. A. Shaw

Adjutant Captain R. A. Coote (17th Lancers)

Quarter-Master Major W. Kennedy

Medical Officers Surgeon Captain W. Saville Henderson, M.D.
Surgeon Lieutenant Donald J. Armour, F.R.C.S.

Veterinary Officer Lieutenant R. F. Wall

Chaplain Reverend A. Hunns, M.A., D.C.L.

Regimental Sergeant-Major E. S. Wells.

KEH Officer's Nominal Roll - 1914

Lieutenant-Colonel  Lieutenant Colonel V. S. Sandeman

Senior Major Major Lionel James

Majors    E. W. Hermon
                W. B. Pearch
                M. F. Dick
                H. C. Corlette

Captains   N. P. Adams (seconded and joined the New Zealand Forces)
                   George Gray Russell
                   J. M. F. Wilkinson
                   J. N. MacDonald

Lieutenants Ralph Dougnon Furse
                        R. G. Waddy (seconded)
                        C. A. Shaw  
                        H. Swann
                        B. H. Barber
                        W. C. P. Harvey

2nd Lieutenants      H. F. Creswick (seconded)
                                  A. G. Cameron (seconded)
                                  S. T. Ravenscroft
                                  F. G. Ling
                                  W. D. A. Holland
                                  H. M. H. Cooper
                                  Hon. H. S. Fielding
                                  D. MacKinnon
                                  D. K. Cameron
                                  F. J. Romanes
                                  P. D. Stevenson
                                  C. W. D. Bell
                                  A. G. Finlay
                                  H. F. Buxton
                                  N. G. Addison
                                  H. M. Tulloch
                                  G. H. Havelock-Sutton
                                  T. A. Izard

Adjutant Captain A. B. Reynolds (12th Lancers)

Quarter-Master Major W. Kennedy

Medical Officer Surgeon Captain W. Saville Henderson, M.D.

Chaplain Reverend A. Hunns, M.A., D.C.L.

Regimental Sergeant-Major M. O’Donnell.
 
KEH Officer's Nominal Roll - 1919

Lieutenant-Colonel   Lieutenant Colonel Lionel James DSO

Senior Major   Major M. F. Dick

Majors  G. G. Russell DSO
              J. N. MacDonald
              W. B. Pearch
              R. D. Furse DSO
              H. Swann

Captains    B. H. Barber MC
                    H. F. Creswick
                    A. G. Cameron
                    D. MacKinnon

Lieutenants   W. C. P. Harvey (seconded)
                         P. D. Stevenson
                         G. H. Havelock-Sutton MC
                         H. J. Aitchinson
                         T. A. Izard
                         L. C. Ramsey
                         D. A. Syme
                         E. G. Linton MC
                         R. E. N. Twopeny MC
                         T. F. Northcote
                         R. Girvan
                         R. W. Hope
                         N. A. Thomson
                         W. E. Watt AFC
                         A. W. Lade
                         J. Stewart
                          I. R. B. Stein MC
                         C. A. N. Garstin
                         J. C. N. Eastwick
                         V. Rathbone VC
                         J. F. Brackell
                         E. W. Francis
                          I. B. McBean
                          L. P. Moffat MC
                          L. L. Lacey
                          W. B. McCulloch MC
                          J. W. Patell
                          A. J. McIntosh
                         W. E. Gilbert MC
                          E. M. Murray
                          G. H. Matterson
                          E. E. Hyde
                          V. G. Fannin
                          O. S. Grape
                          B. A. C. Herapath
                          W. J. Pretorius
                          A. Y. MCormick
                          T. S. Robertson
                          A. Aagaard

2nd Lieutenants      W. M.Keay
                                   E. R. Ewels
                                   G. M. Meikle
                                   F. R. B. Thompson
                                   T. D. Bell
                                   G. B. Blaker
                                   W. Bolus
                                   C. W. Brownell
                                   R. R. Churchouse
                                   F. L. Cox
                                   R. A. Crompton
                                   J. C. Freeman
                                   W. J. H. Murdoch
                                   H. T. Swain
                                   A. G. Ewing
                                   E. C. Saill
                                   R. D. Alexander
                                   N. H. Campbell
                                   W. M. B. Short
                                   K. L. Hunter
                                   G. E. Robinson
                                   K. W. Armstrong- Lushington-Tulloch

Adjutants Captain G. H. Matterson (Acting)

Captain W. E. H. Bradburn (Reserve Regiment)

Quarter-Masters  Lieutenant J. R. Smith
                               Captain W. Acheson (Reserve Regiment)

Medical Officer Surgeon Captain W. Saville Henderson, M.D.

Chaplain Reverend A. Hunns, M.A., D.C.L.

Regimental Sergeant-Majors  E. E. Bond
                                                     A. Cole (Reserve Regiment).

KC/KEH 'A'


AAGAARD, Andrew (Anders). 1008. 'A' Squadron. Originated from Argentina. Private, arrived in France 27/07/1915 and commissioned Second Lieutenant 22/02/1918. Died in 1957. Awarded 1914/15 Star trio. Photograph of him attending third South American KEH members re-union in 1945 available.

ABBOTT, Bertie J. 1517. Private. Born in New South Wales, Australia in 1895. Australian. Discharged to the Reserve 18/06/1919. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Lived in Bauple, Queensland post-War.

ABRAHAM, Lionel Martyn. Serjeant KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Field Artillery on 4/12/1914 (London Gazette). Entered France 24/08/1915. Wounded once. Born in July 1893 in Palmerston North, Wellington, New Zealand the son of Lionel Augustus Abraham and Constance Palgrave Martyn OBE and attended Wanganui College 1907-12. He saw service in the King Edward's Horse joining the University Squadron in 1912 when at Pembroke College, Cambridge.  Was living in Palmerston North, New Zealand in 1914 and returned post war. 1914/15 Star trio medal entitlements confirmed on MIC. Served as a Second Lieutenant with the 12th Company, National Reserve in New Zealand in 1940. Died in New Zealand 31/12/1986. Portrait photograph of Second Lieutenant Abraham in the Royal Field Artillery courtesy of the Imperial War Museum. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. 

ABSON, D. Member of KEH Old Comrades Association in 1933 with address of Shepperton, England.

ADAMS, Frank. 1913. Private. Discharged 30/10/1919.

ADAMS, Fred T. C. 106. Private, Northumberland Fusiliers 61234 MIC

ADAMS, Lionel L. 1433. Private then promoted to Serjeant and transferred to the Reserve 26/06/1919. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Victory medal sold on electronic auction site 2014, image shown. Address given as Bristol in 1933 KEH Old Comrades Association Member's List.

ADAMS, Norman Clarke. 670. Private, Serjeant. Born in England, arrived in France 20 October 1915 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant, Royal West Surrey Regiment 5/02/1919. Confirmed on MIC.

ADAMS, Noel P.  Captain. A New Zealander who served in 'A' Squadron of the King Edward's Horse from 1909 after service in command of the Cambridge University Mounted Rifles as Lieutenant. Commanded the four University troops as a Squadron. Returned to New Zealand in 1916 as Colonel of the Base Training Camp for which he was awarded the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG). Died in Clevedon, New Zealand in 1951. Referenced in KEH History.  

ADAMSON, W.  From Argentina - details not confirmed on MIC but noted in Old Comrades Association bulletins. 

ADDISON, Noel Goodricke. 191. Private. Born in Natal on 25/12/1892 the son of W. H. and Florence Addison, of Natal, South Africa. Educated at New College, Oxford and joined the Oxford Troop of KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant on 12/11/1914 and arrived in France on 1/06/1915 with 'A' Squadron KEH. Killed in action 9/04/1918 at the defence of Vieille Chapelle aged 25 as a Lieutenant. His name is commemorated on the Loos Memorial, France and on a plaque at New College, Oxford. Awarded a posthumous Military Cross. Mentioned in Despatches. Medal entitlements confirmed on MIC. Lieutenant in 1915 see Figure 19.

AFFLECK, Johnson Morris. 724. Serjeant. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 7th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers 29/12/1916. Awarded Military Cross 18/01/1918. Born 17/10/1886 in Gateshead, UK and went to St. Bees School 1900-03. Emigrated to Canada in 1906. Enlisted in British Columbia but was told his poor eyesight would preclude him from active service. Paid for his own passage to England and enlisted in KEH. Escorted German POWs back to Germany when the war ended and discharged late 1919 and returned to Canada in 1920. He died 10/1971.

AGATE, Ronald W. 969. Private. 'A' Squadron. Canadian. Entered France 2/06/1915. Wounded in defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918. Discharged 17/03/1919. He died in Oct 1947 in British Columbia.

AGOSTINI, Edgar Barnard. Private. Oxford University OTC then KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 17/10/1917 with 11th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Home service 08/1917 to 11/11/1918. Did not serve overseas as was born in 1900 and too young. Living in USA in 1946. Likely to be a relative of J. Leon Agostini.

AGOSTINI, J. Leon. Private. Left Trinidad for UK 5/06/1917 with 6th Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Likely to be a relative of Edgar B. Agostini.

AINSWORTH, C. Member of KEH Old Comrades Association in 1933 with address of Oxton, Cheshire, England.

AIREY, George R. Private, former Private 3rd Dragoon Guards, Private Corps of Dragoons D/17046 MIC

AITCHISON, Hugh James. Lieutenant KEH. Joined as a Scottish Volunteer as Lieutenant 6th Volunteer Battalion, The Royal Scots from 1895 to 1900. He then joined the Imperial Yeomanry as Sergeant, 12559 being promoted in the field to Lieutenant. He served with the 70th (Sharpshooters) Company, 18th Battalion Imperial Yeomanry and awarded a QSA with four clasps Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal and Rhodesia. He was also awarded a KSA with two clasps. His address for his medals was recorded as Elsmwood, Loanhead, Midlothian, Scotland. He stayed in South Africa after the Boer war in the Thaba Nuchu Commando through to the 1914 Rebellion and then in German East Africa from May 1916 with the 9th South African Horse as Serjeant, 2991 then Lieutenant. He then served as a Lieutenant in France with the KEH and was Mentioned in Despatches in October 1918. In the Second World War he was a Captain in the Reserve Brigade from 1940 to 1943. Awarded Efficiency Decoration in 1940. Born 1/07/1877 in Loanhead, Scotland and died on 22/11/1944 in Likatlong, Orange Free State, South Africa.  

AITCHISON, Philip Arnold. 107. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant. Enlisted King's Colonials 7/12/1905. Commissioned into the Staffordshire Yeomanry 17/01/1916. Awarded Indian General Service Medal (Afghanistan, North West Frontier 1919 clasps) whilst attached to 2nd/4th Border Regiment as Lieutenant Staffordshire Yeomanry. Awarded the Special Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct medal named to P. A. Aitchison 107 SQMS KEH (King's Colonials/KEH) May 1921 and Special Constable Long Service and Good Conduct medal as a Sub. Commander. He was not entitled to the British War Medal. Medals held in a private collection in Australia. Image courtesy British Medal Forum. 

AITKEN, D. B. Private, Second Lieutenant Royal Flying Corps

ALAZIA, Charles. Private in 1916.

ALBERTSON, Armand Harold. 1003. Private, Private Machine Gun Corps 107480, Second Lieutenant Tank Corp MIC

ALBRECHT, Frederick. Private. Corps of Dragoons D/10936

ALDERSON, E. C. 1276. Private, Military Mounted Police 12405

ALDERTON, Charles. 490. Staff Quarter Master Serjeant

ALEXANDER, Frederick Vionee. 4. Private. 'A' Squadron. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers 29/10/1915. Entered France 1/06/1915. Born 13/06/1892 in Lancashire, UK.

ALEXANDER, Ralph Douglas. 958. Second Lieutenant in photograph Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 see Figure 33.  Member of KEH Old Comrades Association in 1933 with address of British West Indies.

ALEXANDRA, Walter. 862. Private, Private Army Service Corps R/41311

ALLEN, Albert E. 1373. Private. Transferred to the Reserve 27/06/1919. Noted in Old Comrades Bulletin No 1. as living in Adelaide, Australia.

ALLEN, Ernest Rawson. 1032. Private, Private then Lieutenant Royal Engineers

ALLEN, Hamilton J. 557. Private

ALLIOTT, John A. 1086. Private

ALLUM, Ephraim. 1926. Private

ALMACK, Alfred. 1346. Private

ALSOP, George. 282. Private. Enlisted 14/08/1913 and discharged 06/10/1914 due to sickness and did not serve overseas. Awarded Silver War Badge 19194.

ALSOP, John W. Private, former Private 1st Dragoons D/18482, Private Corps of Dragoons D/18482

AMBROSE, Gay. 1865. Private. Enlisted 21/02/1916 and discharged 16/09/1916 due to sickness.

AMBROSE, Herbert. 543. Private

AMOTT, John. Private in 1918

ANDERSON, Andrew. 1875. Private. Discharged 19/08/1919. British War Medal and Victory Medal awarded and listed for sale in Feb 2021 on eBay UK.

ANDERSON, Claude W. 1693. Corporal

ANDERSON, Donald Alex. 169. Serjeant. Discharged 19/12/1916.

ANDERSON, George Reid. 1245. Serjeant. Awarded Military Medal.

ANDERSON, John M. 14316. Private, Private Royal Air Force

ANDERSON, Peter. Bandmaster. King's Colonials and King Edward's Horse 1902-1914. Died in 1940. Photograph shown in Figures 118 - 121. Peter Anderson was well known in his day as a bandmaster; a cornet, trumpet, coach horn and post horn soloist as well as a pioneer recording artist both as a soloist and conductor of military bands. Anderson was born in Edinburgh on 8/08/1874. He began his musical career in the Royal Scots Greys then at Newbridge enlisting in May 1891. He became Colonel’s trumpeter in March 1892 before moving into the band, eventually becoming the solo cornet player. Due to a riding accident with left him with a hernia, Peter Anderson was discharged medically unfit in June 1894. His medical pension record states, “Fit to earn his living at any light occupation and at his former trade.” He received a pension of 6d a day in 1895 rising to £15/10/6 per year from September 1936. By 1901 Peter Anderson had moved to Barnes in London and was earning his living as an instrumental musician.  At some subsequent date he become Bandmaster of 4th County of London Imperial Yeomanry (The King’s Colonials). This band, under Anderson, enjoyed a high reputation and its performances included two command concerts, played to great acclaim, for Edward VII at Buckingham Palace. The King’s Colonials could also furnish a string band if required and as such, in July 1909, under Anderson’s direction, performed at a Board of Trade Garden Party for a fee of twelve guineas. Anderson recorded a number of 78rpms on the Edison Bell and Pathe labels (among others) before World War One with the King Edward’s Horse/King’s Colonials Band. Anderson would still appear to be bandmaster in 1912, as one of the 78s under the King Edward’s Horse Band title and conducted by Anderson has been dated to that year. Peter Anderson’s debut as a solo recording artist (cornet and post horn), on cylinders in those days of course, was in 1904 for Electra Records and he went on to record with various bands and orchestras on a number of labels including Sterling Gold Moulded Cylinder Records from 1905; Pathe Disques in 1908; Polyphon, Klingsort, Favourite and Jumbo records in 1909 and Edison Bell from 1910. In 1913 Anderson was appointed Musical Director for Odeon, Fonotypia and Jumbo recording companies until the Great War put paid to their activities. Anderson was never out of the recording studio and except for years 1918, 1919 & 1920 appeared on records as a solo artist until close of the 1920s. In April 1918 Anderson took on the role as the first Director of Music of the London Fire Brigade Band, a post he held until 1932. Together with Sir Landon Ronald, then Principal of the Guildhall School of Music, Anderson provided musical training for the band at the Guildhall School of Music where he was also Professor of Trumpet, rehearsing the band four days a week beginning at 9.30am. At the same time he was playing with Sir Thomas Beecham’s Orchestra in Birmingham, which meant a considerable amount of daily commuting between London and Birmingham. By 1922 the London Fire Brigade Band, under his direction, were rehearsing daily and making great strides. The band soon became part of the London musical scene, giving weekly concerts on the bandstand at the Brigade’s HQ plus regular public performances in the London parks as well as playing at Brigade and public events. An annual concert was also presented at the Queen’s Hall, Westminster. Under Anderson the band made a number of 78s on Piccadilly and Crystalato labels recording such items as Martial Moments and a selection of Leslie Stuart songs. Anderson was also engaged at this time as principal cornet at a leading London theatre as well as teaching privately. As well as principal trumpet in Sir Thomas Beecham’s Opera Orchestra, Anderson played in the Royal Albert Hall Orchestra and Orchestra of Philharmonic Society among others. He was also conductor of a number of other bands including the London Military Band and  his own Anderson’s Military Band, (which often recorded under other names), which was certainly in existence by 1932 and made up of professional musicians, which recorded on 78s on the Imperial label and was regularly employed by the London County Council in the parks; Anderson’s Symphonic Orchestra, Imperial Military Band (for Imperial record label), Peterson Band, the British Legion (Balham & South Clapham Branch) Military, his local band as he was living in Balham at this time which was another band made up of professional musicians which played in the London Parks c1932; London County Council Tramways Band (appointed conductor in 1935) and Reigate Town Brass Band leading them to a 1st prize in the 2nd section of the 1937 Southern Counties Contest where he also conducted the massed brass bands at the evening concert following the contest. Peter Adamson died on 23rd May 1940 aged sixty-five in Battersea, London. Biography courtesy of Phil Mather published IMMS UK Branch Newsletter 75, March 2008. Revised and updated 1st October 2020.

ANDERSON, William L. 215. Serjeant, Commissioned as a Sub Lieutenant Royal Naval Air Service 9/05/1916, Captain Royal Field Artillery

ANDREWS, Leonard H. D/1645. Private, Private Corps of Dragoons

ANGEL, . Private. King's Colonials. Portrait photograph in Full Dress uniform walking out order circa 1902.

ANSTEY, Herbert L. 96. Private

ARCHDALL, Montgomery. Private, Private Dragoons D/21216

ARCHIBALD, William R. 1064. Private. 4th Section, 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron. Discharged 18/06/1919. Born in 1887 in Brunswick, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia the son of Barbara Rae and John Archibald. He married Nellie Elizabeth (Nell) Barrington in 1938 in Victoria. He took up a Soldier's Settlement of 370 acres of land at Pomonal, Victoria which was sold on in 1940. He died in 1958. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

ARGENT, Edward Albert. 1061. Private. Enlisted 22/09/1914 and discharged 18/11/1914 due to sickness. Born in Toppers Field, Halstead, Essex in 1876 and had served in the 2nd Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers as Private 4746 from 1895 to 1907 with last 5 years in the Reserves. Saw active service in the Sudan Expedition 1898, Occupation of Crete 1898, South Africa 1898-1900, 1900-02. Wounded whilst fighting in the Transvaal 25/02/1902. Awarded Sudan Medal 1898 with clasp Khartoum, Queen's South Africa Medal with clasps Belmont, Modder River, Transvaal, Orange Free State and King's South Africa with clasps 1901 and 1902. Died 26/12/1957 in Kensington, London.

ARGENT, W. K. Serjeant Major KEH in 1911

ARIZA, Louis Francis 1110. Private

ARKELL, William J. 1345. Private

ARMOUR, Donald J. Lieutenant and Surgeon KEH 1910

ARMSTRONG, Frederick. 1209. Private

ARMSTRONG, J. Private. New Zealander who enlisted in 1902 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the King's Colonials in 1903 in command of 1st Troop (New South Wales) 'C' Squadron (Australasian) and shown with that rank on 1905 Officer's List.

ARMSTRONG, John W. Private, Private 1st Dragoons, Private Corps of Dragoons D/17279 MIC

ARNOLD, Jack. 991. Private 'B' Squadron. 1914-15 Star (991 Pte., K. Edw. H.); British War and Victory Medals (991 Pte., K. Edw. H.). Born in South Africa and entered the France/Flanders theatre of war on 15 September 1915 and was discharged 9th July 1919. Medals sold with a copy of the Medal Index Card at auction by Dix Noonan Webb, UK, March 2014). 

ARNOTT, John. 1482. Private. 'B' Squadron. Enlisted 8/03/1916 and discharged due to sickness 31/08/1918. Awarded Silver War Badge 28212 and born 1898.

ARTHUR, Beckham Paikawa. 111. Serjeant KEH. 2nd Troop, 'A' Squadron at Hutton Bridge, Hertfordshire noted in the 'Auckland Star' newspaper 9/03/1915. Saw service in the Boer War with the NZ Mounted Rifles (Rough Riders) as Serjeant 1383 and embarked with the 4th Contingent on the SS 'Gymeric' 31 March 1900 and also served as Captain with the 9th Contingent leaving on the SS 'Devon' 19 March 1902. Gazetted as 2nd Lieutenant in March 1915, and posted to Motor Machine Gun Service (of the Royal Artillery) at Bisley. Promoted Captain June 1915, entered France 8/07/1915, Major March 1916 and Lieutenant Colonel November 1918 to command the 1st Motor Brigade Machine Gun Corps. Wounded at Loos September, 1915. Awarded Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) 26 July 1918 and Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) Three Times. Born in 1876 in Tokomaru Bay the son of Alexander Creighton Arthur & Mere Inoi nee' Ward of Tokomaru Bay & Gisborne hence of Maori descent. He married Pheroze Sorabji in 1902 in London. He died in Devon, England on the 11/03/1922. Entitled to Queen's South Africa and King's South African medals and 1914/15 Star WW1 trio. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph with family records and photographs added and the South African War Memorial, Gisborne, New Zealand. Photograph from Auckland Online Cenotaph of Lieutenant Colonel Arthur, DSO, Motor Machine Gun Corps. 

ASH, Arthur H. 1893. Private, Private Lancashire Fusiliers 45520

ASHDOWN, James R. 1618. Acting Corporal

ASTLEY, William P. 807. Acting Corporal

ATKINS, John. 567. Private, Private Royal Fusiliers GS/142659

ATKINS, Leslie J. 1327. Private

AUDY, P. J. 271. Serjeant. King's Colonials. Awarded Imperial Yeomanry Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, Aug 1908.

AUSTEN, Cesil Alexander. 987. Private, Second Lieutenant and Lieutenant Royal Fusiliers

AYLWARD, Gordon. 1371. Private


KC/KEH 'B'


BACON, Herbert. 785. Private MIC

BACKUS, Alfred F. 1020. Private MIC

BAGNELL, George W. 2043. Private MIC

BAILEY, Alexander F. Private, former Private 6th Dragoon Guards 8209. Entered France 6/08/1914. Awarded 1914 Star medal trio.

BAILEY, Edward. 1712. Private, Private Lincolnshire Regiment 50111 MIC

BAILLIE, Robert Alexander. Captain Sir. Bart. An original Officer in the King's Colonials joined 1/02/1903. Major Baillie commanded 'C' Squadron (Australasian) King's Colonials in 1903. Died in October 1907 at Colchester. Photograph from gathering of Officers in 1902.

BAILLON, Cyril 768. Private MIC

BAIN, Bertram. 1978. Private, Commissary Liverpool Regiment 85788 MIC

BAIRD, Charles Alfred. 15239. Private, Second Lieutenant Royal Dublin Fusiliers MIC

BAKER, Arthur W. 26. Private, MR/343298 Royal Army Service Corps MIC

BAKER, Augustine. Enlisted August 1914 KEH, Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant December 1914 Royal Field Artillery, Lieutenant April 1915, Captain September 1915, A/Maj May 1917, A/Lt Col September 1918, retired 1919. Awarded Distinguished Service Order LG 3 June 1918 & Bar LG 16 September 1918. Military Cross LG 19 November 1917. Mentioned in Despatches (x3) LG's 15 June 1915, 21 May 1918, 23 December 1918. Died 1937 in Shanghai.

BAKER, Charles F. 1631. Private, Private Northumberland Fusiliers, Second Lieutenant Machine Gun Corps MIC

BAKER, Frederick. 115. Private. Discharged 11/01/1919. British War Medal issued by the Admiralty and 1914/15 Star and Victory medal sold at auction in the UK March 2020 by Dix Noonan Webb and photograph shown on this page.

BAKER, George N. 1073. Corporal MIC

BAKER, James H. 800. Private, Sapper Labour Corps 340258 MIC

BAKER, Ralph Cleighton. 1711. Private. Transferred from Private Hertfordshire Yeomanry 2205 on 22/06/1915. Arrived Egypt 12/11/1914. Awarded Silver War Badge 25542 with Herts Yeomanry due to sickness. Lived in Sedwitch, Hertfordshire.

BAKER, Richard Henry. Private KEH. From New Zealand. May have transferred to Royal Field Artillery then served as a Gunner 79439, 43rd Reinforcements, New Zealand Field Artillery, New Zealand Expeditionary Force, 2/10/1918-5/12/1918 sailed on HMNZT 111 'Matatua'. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BAKER, William H. 1969. Private MIC

BAKER, William J. 743. Acting Corporal MIC

BALDWIN, Cornelius. 1648. Private, Private Labour Corp 230751 MIC

BALE, F. J. Private. From New Zealand, worked in Peru, South America and returned to England to enlist. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BALFOUR, Cecil. 1298. Corporal KEH. Left Trinidad for UK 18/10/1915 with 1st Caribbean Merchant and Planters Contingent. Served with KEH 21/09/1916 until 11/11/1918. Military Mounted Police P/12933. Awarded Military Medal Nov 1917. Living in Canada 1946.

BALL, B. Corporal. Served in the King's Colonials and was proprietor of the Fox and Hounds Inn, Bourne End

BALL, Samuel A. D/14418. Corps of Dragoons MIC

BALLARD, Arnold. 482. Private, Private Shropshire Light Infantry, Second Lieutenant South Wales Borderers MIC

BALSHAW, Newton Kesleven. Private, Second Lieutenant then Captain King's Royal Rifle Corps MIC

BANCROFT, Douglas. 1002. Private, Second Lieutenant Essex Regiment MIC

BANKES, Robert W. L. 744. Private MIC

BANKS, Donald William. 2134. Private. Born at Kimbolton, Wellington, New Zealand 24/11/1898 the son of William Banks. Enlisted 2/04/1918, served in Ireland and discharged 3/02/1919. Joined Royal Army Ordnance Corps 24/04/1919 as a Private 5/9361 and served in Russia 12/05/1919 and discharged 12/02/1920. Commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BANNOCK, William H. 1363. Serjeant MIC

BANTA, Frederick B. 1774. Private, Private Labour Corp 112239 MIC

BARBER, Basil Hastings. Lieutenant, Captain, Major. Australian. 'C' Squadron. Awarded the Military Cross and the French Croix de Guerre (London Gazette 10 October 1918) as a Captain. Lieutenant in 1915 see Figure 19.

BARBER, Joseph A. 1527. Private MIC

BARDELL, Arthur G. 1732. Private, Private Liverpool Regiment 85700, Private Tank Corps 302884 MIC

BARKER, Augustine Lieutenant, Lieutenant Colonel Royal Field Artillery MIC

BARKER, William Private, former 3rd Dragoon Guards GS/14786, Corps of Dragoons D/15087 MIC

BARLOW, Geoffrey Petrie. 287. Private KEH, Second Lieutenant 6th Battalion, Notts and Derby Regiment. Born at Southport 16/05/1895 the son of John James and Emily Barlow. Educated at Holmwood School, Freshfield, Formby, Liverpool and at Haileybury College, Hertfordshire. Employed at the Head Office of the Royal Insurance Company in Liverpool. Joined the Liverpool Squadron of the KEH in 1913 and was at camp in Canterbury when the war broke out. Served in France from June 1915 and returned to England for training in March 1916 at Lichfield and gazetted Second Lieutenant Sherwood Foresters on 5/09/1916. Joined Battalion in France Nov 1916 and wounded at Gommecourt 9/03/1917. Awarded Military Cross for trench raid with 1/5th Battalion Sherwood Foresters 25/06/1917 (London Gazette 18/10/1917). KIA by machine gun fire whilst supervising a wiring party near Hulluch, France 2/09/1917. Buried in the Philosophe British Cemetery, Mazingarbe, France. Photograph of pre-war student at Haileybury College and as A Second Lieutenant Sherwood Foresters.

BARLOW, George T. 67. Private, Private Essex Regiment 32746 MIC

BARNARD, William H. Private, Corps of Dragoons D/13185 MIC

BARNES, William C. Private 3rd Dragoon Guards D/17908 MIC

BARRATT, Gaston E. S. 1420. Private, Private Royal Engineers 313096 MIC

BARRETT, Archibald. 1431. Private MIC

BARRETT, Reginald T. 1729. Corporal, Labour Corp Warrant Officer Class 2 679732 MIC

BARRY, Arthur V. 335. Serjeant KEH. 4th Section, 1st Troop, 'C' Squadron. Royal Army Service Corps M/41355 (Auckland Online Cenotaph). Entered France 22/04/1915. Serjeant Barry was severely wounded whilst patrolling at Anneux near Cambrai on 20/11/1917 when Major Tutt was also severely wounded. Wounded at the defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918.

BARTLETT, Ashmead. Lieutenant attached from 1st Regiment of Cavalry, former British South African Police MIC

BARTON, William L. 1151. Private MIC

BASSILL, James F. 1657. Private, Private Corps of Dragoons D/32103 MIC

BATES, George E. 2040. Private, Private Corps of Hussars 56048 MIC

BATES, Joseph (Joe) C. 720. Acting Staff Quarter Master Serjeant. Entered France 2/06/1915. Discharged 22/02/1919. Mentioned in Despatches as a Serjeant. Lived in Margate, Kent and died in 1965.

BATTERBURY, William Charles. 19. Lance Corporal. Second Lieutenant 5th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 26/06/1917. Entered France 22/04/1915 and discharged 1/01/1919. Biography available on www.kingedwardshorse.net.

BATTERSBY, Eric William. 885. Serjeant. 'A' Squadron. Enlisted 29/12/1914, entered France 1/06/1915 and discharged 28/01/1919.

BAUER, L. N. 1666. Private MIC

BAXTER, Gordon E. 929. BAXTER, Gordon Eyre. 929. Private. Enlisted 5/02/1915 and entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Devonshire Regiment 26/06/1917. Prior service Royal East Kent Yeomanry 1908-11. Born Hinton, Ashton Steeple, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England. Son of Stanley Eyre Baxter and Emma Louisa Baxter, of Waranga, Omapere, Hokianga, New Zealand. Educated at South Eastern Agricultural College Wye, Ashford, Kent, England. KIA 8/10/1918 near Arras aged 28 and buried in St. Nicholas British Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France. Two brothers also KIA. Bernard Eyre Baxter born 2/071893 - died 29/04/1915 served as Private 10/275 West Coast 'A' Company, Wellington Infantry Battalion, Emigrated to New Zealand in 1909 with the family. Cadet at Weraroa Agricultural Farm. Fought at Turkish attack on Suez Canal Feb 1915 before serving at Gallipoli where he was killed. Commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial. Cedric Eyre Baxter 22/08/1895 - died 29/04/1915 (same day as his brother Bernard) unable to find further details. Gordon and Bernard are commemorated on Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BAYLEY, Lewis S. 513. Private.  British War Medal - 513 PTE. L. S. BAYLEY. K. EDW. H. and Victory Medal - 513 PTE. L. S. BAYLEY. K. EDW. H. shown with a copy of the Medal Index Card.  The 1915 Star was noted as missing. Arrived in France 23 August 1915 and discharged 8 August 1919. (Image from an electronic auction site, UK, 2014).  

BAYLIS, Gerald William. Quarter Master, Lieutenant General. Lieutenant in KEH in 1915 see Figure 19.

BAYLISS, Louis. 1099. Serjeant, Serjeant Yorkshire Dragoons 3681, Serjeant Machine Gun Corps Cavalry 100103

BEALE, Cecil G. 635. Serjeant. Contributed a photograph taken at the Colchester camp in 1911 of Serjeant Freeman and a number of named Corporals to the Old Comrades Association bulletin suggesting that he himself was serving from at least 1911.

BEALL, Leonard G. 87. Private, 2045 as well on MIC MIC

BEARDON, Joseph D. 1251. Private, Private Labour Corps 329908 MIC

BECKETT, Arthur Henry Frederick. 1682. Private. From Argentina.

BECKMAN, George E. 996. Private MIC

BEDFORD, Alfred 298. Corporal, Corporal Royal Engineers 91590 MIC

BEENKEN, Frederick Carl. 850. Private MIC

BEGBIE, Alfred Vincent 960. Private. 'C' Company. Entered France 21/04/1915. Sniper spotted for Lieutenant Murray 966 KEH. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 6th Battalion, Cameron Highlanders 27/09/1916. Became a Bombing Officer after attending Cadet School at Blenderques in 1916. Born on 7/04/1894 the son of Rev. Alfred John Begbie. Educated at Haileybury College 1897-99. Lived at Simla, Bloomfield Park, Bath before he emigrated to Kelowa, British Columbia, Canada in 1902 and returned to England in 1914 to enlist in KEH. KIA 11/04/1917 leading his men at Monchy-le-Preux and was buried at Faubourg-d'Amiens Cemetery, Arras (listed on Arras Memorial). Commemorated on the Haileybury College Cloister Wall Memorial, Hertford Heath, England. Photograph in uniform of Cameron Highlanders from De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour.

BELL, Cheviot Wellington Dillon. 2104 Private. Served pre-WW1 KEH. Promoted to Corporal in 1913. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 15/08/1914 in KEH. Transferred to 10th Royal Hussars and then Royal Flying Corps and crashed aircraft nine times and promoted to Captain. Became a Squadron Leader in WW2 with RNZAF 1944 OTC Blenheim. Born 18/08/1892 the son of the Hon. Sir Francis Bell, G.C.M.G. (NZ Prime Minister 1925), and Lady Bell. Married Dorothy Mary Newton 21/04/1920 and died in Masterton, NZ in 26/09/1960. Brother of William Bell who also served with KEH and KIA.

BELL, Harold Cecil Alexander. 389. Private, Second Lieutenant 3rd Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders attached 2/14th Lancashire Regiment MIC

BELL, Percy. 753. Private MIC

BELL, Thomas D. 741. Private, Second Lieutenant MIC

BELL, William (Hal) Henry Dillon. Serjeant commissioned as a Lieutenant pre-war KEH. Served as a Staff Officer (Captain) 1/10 with the New Zealand (NZ) expedition to Samoa in 1914. Rejoined KEH, entered France 21/04/1915  promoted to Captain and KIA 31/07/17 aged 33 shot by a German sniper at Ferdinand Farm whilst in temporary command of 'C' Squadron during the great attack on Passchendale Ridge. Mentioned in Despatches. Born 1/03/1884 in Wellington, NZ, the son of Hon. Sir Francis Bell, G.C.M.G. (NZ Prime Minister 1925), and Lady Bell. Brother of Cheviot Bell who also served with KEH. Hal went to school at Wellington College. On completion of his schooling he went to England and studied at Cambridge University. From Cambridge he read for the bar at the Inner Temple and was admitted as a barrister in 1908. While in England he got married, to Gladys on 8 March 1907. He also held a temporary commission in the KEH. Bell and his wife returned to New Zealand in late March 1908. He became a member of NZ Parliament for Wellington and the first Member of Parliament to go on active service in WWI rejoining the KEH in December 1914 as a Lieutenant. Name commemorated on the YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, BELGIUM. Photograph of him mounted on his charger from Miss Enid Bell. Commemorated on a plaque at Trinity College Cambridge, the Auckland Online Cenotaph and is included among the names on the memorial bronze tablet to lawyers and law clerks in the Wellington Library of the New Zealand Law Society. Photograph of him as Lieutenant in KEH in 1915 see Figure 19.

BELLMAN, Henry E. 1324. Private MIC

BELSON, Frederick. 1487. Acting Corporal MIC

BENN, William W. 1253. Private MIC

BENNETT, Arthur W. 1357. Private MIC

BENNETT, James H. 947. Private, Private Labour Corps 423041 MIC

BENNETT, John F. 55. Serjeant. Mentioned in Despatches as Serjeant.

BENSTEAD, Geoffrey. 668. Serjeant, Second Lieutenant. 

BERCOVITZ, Soloman. 1104. Private MIC

BERKELEY, John E. L. 982. Corporal. Awarded Belgian Decoration Militaire as a Private KEH (London Gazette 15 April 1918).

BERRY A. G. Lieutenant. King's Colonials 1902. Commanded 3rd Troop (Victoria) 'C' Squadron (Australasian) in 1903 (Photograph see Figure 4).

BERRY, Richard Alfred. 792. Lance Serjeant. 'A' Squadron. Enlisted 3/12/1914, entered France 1/06/1915 and was wounded at Defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918 and discharged 24/07/1919. Awarded Silver War Badge 494533. Lived in Argentina and born in 1886.

BERTRAM, Cyril Robertson. Second Lieutenant, Flying Officer Royal Flying Corps MIC

BERTRAND, Walter R. 1398. Private, Private Tank Corps 112244 MIC

BESTOW, Frederick W. 1001. Private MIC

BESWICK, Rodney Knight. 664. Private, Lieutenant 11th Lancashire Fusiliers, Captain 52nd Manchester Regiment

BETHELL, Frank. 422. Private, Second Lieutenant Machine Gun Corps 104491 MIC

BETTINGTON, John H. G. 646. Private. Entered France 22/04/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 1st Reserve (Garrison) Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment 12/05/1917, Lieutenant 11/1917. Born in Canada and died in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 1950.

BETTS, Walter Bowden. Private. Enlisted after arriving from Shanghai in Dec 1914. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant with the Royal Field Artillery 9/06/1915. Entered France 2/09/1916. Wounded as applied for Silver War Badge. Died in 12/05/1921 and medals applied for by his brother G. Betts.

BETTS, Reginald John. 1044. Corporal. Born in England in 1880, one of seven siblings. Enlisted 15/04/1915 having traveled to England as part of the SS Suwa Maru contingent from Shanghai on 16/10/1914 where he was working in the Shanghai Municipal Council, Electricity Dept. Wounded by shell blast at Maissemy Ridge. Discharged 29/10/1917, awarded Silver War Badge and died 12/05/1921 in Rochester, England. Photo taken in 1916 at home courtesy of Imperial War Museum Lives of the First World War.  

BEVAN, Percy. 659. Serjeant. 'B' Squadron. Enlisted Nov 1914 in Maidstone, Kent and entered France 22/04/1915. "Sergt. P. Bevan, King Edward's Horse, of the Central Hotel, Ramsgate, is home on leave from France, and is receiving the congratulations of his friends on having been awarded the Military Medal. The honour was conferred for gallantry in carrying despatches to his troop leader under heavy fire" from the Thanet Advertiser Saturday 15 June 1919. Discharged 4/02/1919. Born in 1880 and died in Sep 1960. Award of Military Medal for gallantry at defence of Vieille Chapelle 9-11/04/1918 published in London Gazette 16/07/1918. Entitled to 1914/15 Star Medal Trio with 1914/15 Star named as Private and British War Medal and Victory Medal as Serjeant. Group of four medals held in a private collection in the UK.

BEYNON, Alexander W. 1803. Private, Private Northumberland Fusiliers 61214, Private Tank Corps 302800 MIC

BEYNON, R. T. 1816. Private. Private KEH. Private Royal Air Force 319759 and discharged 26/03/1919.

BIDDLES, Graham A. 1013. Private MIC

BILL, Kenneth. 1450. Private, Private Tank Corps 302704, Northumberland Fusiliers 61204 MIC

BILLMAN, Walter Melville. Private KEH. Private 16th Middlesex Regiment then Second Lieutenant 6th Battalion attached 1st Battalion 9/05/1915. Died of Wounds 5/11/1916 and buried in Grove Town Cemetery, Meaulte, the Somme, France. Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada in 1892 the son of James and Grace Billman. Attended Dalhousie University and then was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford in 1913. Brother Ralph S. Billamnn MC was a Lieutenant Colonel with the Canadian Artillery.

BINGHAM, William. Private, Corps of Dragoons D/10855 MIC.  British War Medal and Victory Medal sold at auction.

BINKS, Harris Jonathan. Private, Second Lieutenant Royal Engineers MIC

BIRD, Henry. 1006. Private, Corporal 'C' Squadron KEH. South African and saw service in France in WW1.

BISHOP, Hugh S. 461. Second Lieutenant, Captain Tank Corps MIC

BISHOP, Wilfred. Private KEH. Commissioned as a Temporary Second Lieutenant 3rd Battalion Border Regiment then transferred to the 11th Battalion after training with Inns of Court Officer's Training Corps 25/10/1916. DoW 06/07/1917 from indirect machine gun fire whilst on a working party midnight 5/07/1917 in the Nieuport sector. Eldest son of the late Clement Bishop and Emily Maud Garcia born 24/04/1884 in Oxford Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad. Buried in RAMSCAPPELLE ROAD MILITARY CEMETERY, Belgium. Commemorated on Port of Spain Cenotaph. Educated at the College of the Immaculate Conception (now called St Mary's College) in Trinidad. Portrait photograph shown of Second Lieutenant Bishop in the uniform of the Border Regiment circa 1916 courtesy of Angela Owens, Ancestry.  

BISPHAM, Frederick.1214. Serjeant, Serjeant Northumberland Fusiliers 39884, Serjeant Lancashire Fusiliers 40532, Serjeant Tank Corps 302909 MIC

BIZLEY, Walter C. 1485. Trumpeter, Private 14th London Regiment MIC

BLACK, Hugh K. 1965. Private, Private Royal Army Medical Corps 135536 MIC

BLACK, Ralph (Ralf) Wemyss. 1070. Private KEH. Born in New Zealand in 1874 the son of James Black and Mary Harcourt and died 1/10/1962 in Auckland. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal. Brother Trooper Colin Black, Auckland Mounted Rifles, 22nd Reinforcements, Mounted Rifles Brigade, New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Died of Wounds 17/11/1917 in Palestine. Colin was the fifth son of Mr. James Black, "Telpal," Prospect Terrace, Mt. Eden. He was an old Grammar School boy and for many years has been on the clerical staff in the firm of Buckland and Co. Colin Black is buried in Deir el Belah War Cemetery, Palestine, Israel. Brother Hugh Black served with Australian Light Horse in Palestine. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. Photograph of Ralf Black in KEH uniform courtesy of J. Kang.

BLACKBURN, Edward H. 723. Private, Serjeant. 3rd Troop, 'A' Squadron KEH Vieille Chapelle 1918. Discharged 14/02/1919. Awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (named to Serjeant) published 3/09/1919 and Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE). 1914/15 Star Medal Trio named as Private on 1914/15 Star and Serjeant on British War Medal and Victory medal. MBE unnamed as issued. Group of five medals held in a private collection in the UK. Awarded civilian OBE in 1953. Born in British Columbia, Canada and died in 1968.

BLACKWELL, Arthur E. Private former Private 7th Dragoon Guards D/12610, Private Corps of Dragoons MIC

BLAKER, Geoffrey Beckett. 651. Private, Acting Corporal, Second Lieutenant in photograph at Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 see Figure 33. Served RAF in South Africa in WW2 and died in 1964.

BLAMEY, Marshall. 1916. Private MIC

BLANCHARD, James F. J. 222. Serjeant. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 20/09/1915, posted to Cavalry Field Artillery.

BLAYLOCK, Johnathan A. 1270. Private MIC

BLETSOE, William Bruce. Serjeant, Second Lieutenant 18th Hussars MIC

BLIGH, Leslie. 1897. Private, Private Northumberland Fusiliers 40117, Private Tank Corps 302862 MIC

BLISS, William Stanley. 787. Corporal. Trumpeter. Enlisted Nov 1914 and served in France and Italy. Awarded Military Medal London Gazette 1918 for action at the Defence of Vieille Chapelle. Discharged 23/02/1919. From Watford, England.

BLOUNT, Maurice Bertie. 1542. Private. Enlisted 11/05/1916 and discharged due to sickness 25/01/1917 with chronic dysentry. Awarded Silver War Badge 45745. Born in Clapham, London in 1887, lived in Winbourne, Dorset and had served with the Ceylon Planters Rifles for 5 years whilst working as a tea planter.

BLUNN, Gordon J. 1969. Private, Private Liverpool Regiment 857222

BOILEAU, Gilbert Elliot. 1075. Corporal. Entered France 14/09/1915. Severely injured leg 13/11/1918 and discharged 25/06/1919. Prior service in the Boer War with the Border Horse as Corporal 1473 and awarded Queen's South Africa (QSA) medal with Transvaal clasp. Born in 26/12/1875 in Mt Moriac, near Geelong, Victoria the son of Edmund William Pollen Boileau and Bridget Mary Walsh. His brother John Peter Boileau born 29/03/1876 in Mitiamo, Victoria also served with the Border Horse as a Trooper 1474 (John Pollen Boileau on QSA medal roll with Pollen being a middle name of his father) and awarded Queen's South Africa medal with Transvaal clasp. The brothers obviously enlisted together given their service numbers are consecutive. Gilbert died in 1952 in Cheltenham, Victoria and his brother John died in 1951.

BOLLARD, John C. 1255. Acting Serjeant, Acting Serjeant Labour Corps 443401

BOLTON, George W. 872. Serjeant

BOLUS, Walter 1481. Private. Arrived in France June 1916. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Special Reserve of Officers on 23/02/18 after attending an Officers Cadet Unit, see Figure 33 for photograph as a Second Lieutenant in 1918. Promoted to Lieutenant 23/8/19 and resigned his commission 1/4/19. Photographs and family history from his grandson Walter Stevens regarding his grandfather's service and noting his riding trophies. Lieutenant Bolus won many Irish Show Jumping Championships as shown in the accompanying photograph taken of him competing at the Irish War Counties Hospital in September 1918. He was devastated not to be able to have his mount, Japie released to him from the Army. The family retain Lieutenant Bolus's stirrups and riding trophies.  

BOND, Ernest E. 381, Corporal. Temporary Regimental Serjeant Major (T. R. S. MJR). Entered France 2/06/1915. 'A' Squadron, Transport Warrant Officer Class 1. Awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal as Regimental Serjeant-Major for gallantry in the advances at St Quentin, Cambrai and Fosse in 1917-18. Discharged 16/01/1920. Died in Southport, England on 3/03/1957. Entitled to 1914/15 Star Medal Trio. Distinguished Conduct Medal held in a private collection in the UK and named to T. R. S. MJR. E.E.BOND 1/K.ED.H.

BONESS, Private, ex-1st Dragoon Guards D/18387, Corps of Dragoons

BONNER, Thomas Private, ex-7th Dragoon Guards D/17304, Corps of Dragoons

BOOR, Alexander R. 1043. Private

BORLEY, Geo D. Private, Labour Corps 585703

BORNS, Frank 1336. Private, Private Lancashire Fusiliers 40533

BOTHWELL, Edwin I. 1891. Private

BOTTLE, Harry C. 340. Serjeant, Warrant Officer Class 2. Prior service 1905-13 with the Civil Service Rifles. Played clarinet in the military band. Became Orderly Room SQMS. Staff Officer, Ministry of Health in civilian life. In group photograph of Warrant Officers and Sergeants at Bishop's Stortford. Discharged 10/11/1919.

BOUCH, W. Kennedy. 11. Serjeant. Served in pre-war KEH.

BOUCHER, Henry. 74. Serjeant. Enlisted 25/08/1914 and discharged 7/11/1917 as medically unfit. Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal.

BOWEN, Horace C. 628. Corporal. 'B' Squadron. Taken prisoner at Vieille Chapelle 19/04/1918.

BOWKER, John (Jack) Ryther Steer. 8. Private. Entered France 27/07/1915. Discharged 14/12/1918. Born 29/07/1888 in Darling Point, New South Wales, Australia to Florence Mary Marks and Dr Robert Steer Bowker (surgeon). He was educated at Barker College, Sydney 1902-06 and then studied medicine like his father at Middlesex Hospital, England in 1909. He married (unofficially) Elsie Emily Boyten in 1915 in England whom he met when he was boarding with her grandmother's family when he was in England studying to become a doctor. They had a daughter Beryl S Bowker Boyten born in 1919. After living in Middlesex he then moved to Sydney without his family. He died on the 29/06/1944 in Darlinghurst, Sydney, Australia. Biography courtesy of Robin Hyland.  Full length portrait photograph of a postcard sent to Elsie in 1915 courtesy of Robin Hyland and another photograph of him on enlistment in 1914 is shown in Figure 307.

BOYER, Charles J. 1082. Private, Private Royal Engineers 359692

BOYLETT, Herbert L. 1630. Private, Corporal Tank Corps 302804, Corporal Northumberland Fusiliers 39960, Corporal Lancashire Fusiliers 40540

BOX, Thomas. 552. Private

BOXALL, Herbert S. 2070. Private, Private Northumberland Fusiliers 61178, Private Corps of Dragoons D/21018.

BRADBURN, William Ernest Horatio. Colonel W. E. H. Bradburn, Inspector-General of Police, British Guiana, late 8th Hussars and King Edward’s Horse. The Order of St John of Jerusalem, Officer (Brother) silver breast badge; King’s Police Medal, G.V.R., 2nd issue (Col. William E. H. Bradburn, Insp-Gen. of Police, British Guiana); Queen’s South Africa 1899-1902, 4 clasps, Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1902 (1556 Tpr., S.A.C.); 1914-15 Star (13319 Pte.-A-Cpl., 8th Hrs.); British War and Victory Medals (13319 A.Cpl., 8/Hrs.). K.P.M. London Gazette 1 January 1932. The recommendation states: ‘Has a specially distinguished record in administrative and detective services. Has successfully organised the Police Force of the Colony.’ William Ernest Horatio Bradburn was born in Derby on 26 May 1884, son of a pattern maker. As a young man of some 17 years of age, he served during the Boer War, with the Imperial Yeomanry in 1901, and later in the ranks of the South African Constabulary until October 1907. On the outbreak of the Great War, Bradburn joined the 8th Hussars and served overseas with this regiment until April 1917. Bradburn was granted a commission from an Officer Cadet Unit as a Second Lieutenant in King Edward’s Horse on 17 April 1917. He was appointed Adjutant of the Reserve Regiment of King Edward’s Horse in September 1917, with acting rank of Captain, but appears to have remained stationed in Ireland for the remainder of the war. He was promoted Lieutenant in the regiment in October 1918, and subsequently returned to their pre-war Head Quarters in Chelsea. In July 1919 he was selected for an appointment in the Cyprus Military Police, and in the following October was appointed a local Commandant. He served in Cyprus until 1927, and held a number of appointments there during this period, including those of Deputy Coroner, in the district of Larnaca, and later Nicosia, a Member of the Prison Board, and a Visitor of the Central Prison. He held acting and deputy appointments as Chief Commandant of the Cyprus Police at various times, as well as acting as A.D.C. to the High Commissioner on several occasions, becoming Honorary A.D.C. from October 1924. In August 1926 he was nominated an Official Member of the Legislative Council. In January 1927, Bradburn was appointed Inspector-General of Police and Commandant of the Local Forces in British Guiana, and from May to December 1927 he was in addition acting Inspector of Prisons. He was nominated Official Member of the Legislative Council from August 1928 to June 1930, and of the Executive Council from May to December 1929. During his tenure in British Guiana, Bradburn did much work with and for the St John’s Ambulance Association, and for his services was appointed an Officer (Brother) of the Order of St John of Jerusalem, as notified in the London Gazette of 25 June 1935. Bradburn held the rank of Colonel in the British Guiana Militia, and was President of the British Guiana Local Forces Rifle Club. His only son, William Stewart Bradburn, was later an officer in the Trinidad Police, and as a Sub-Inspector was killed in riots in Trinidad during 1937. He was shot in the chest and killed on 21 June of that year in rioting in South Trinidad in the course of a strike by 5000 oilfield workers over higher wages and shorter hours. Colonel Bradburn retired in 1937 and the following year approval was granted for him to retain his rank with permission to wear the prescribed uniform. In due course he returned to England and in 1968 was living in Budleigh Salterton, Devon. Medals sold at auction by Dix Noonan Webb, UK in April 2003 bu no image available. Captain and Adjutant in photograph Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 see Figure 33. Extensively researched by Diane Moss as part of https://www.sixstreetsderby.org/local-history/lest-we-forget.

BRADNEY, . Private served in Dublin

BRADSHAW, Arthur 1228. Private, Private Labour Corp 421715

BRAGG, Robert Charles. 227. Corporal, Temporary Second Lieutenant Royal Artillery

BRAKE, Francis Joseph Edwin. 56. Squadron Quarter Master Serjeant 'C' Squadron. Commissioned Second Lieutenant 24/03/1917 in the Royal Field Artillery later 18th Wing Royal Air Force. Entered France 22/04/1915. Born 10/12/1889 and died 13/06/1960. Awarded 1953 Coronation medal and became a Knight of the Bath in 1946. An aluminium dog tag impressed to F. Brake, Service No. 56 noted as having been acquired by a member on the Great War Forum in 2005. Biography available on www.kingedwardshorse.net

BRAKELL, James Forster. 410. Serjeant. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant, KEH 14/9/1915. Taken Prisoner of War 31/07/1917 and repatriated 23/12/1918. Lived in Liverpool and served in the Mersey Division, Royal Navy and awarded a silver medal (sold on electronic auction site Feb 2020) for "Interpart of Ship Heavy Gun Competition 1908' to Able Seaman J. F. Brakell.

BRAND, Jonathan. 1530. Private

BRANDON, Frederick. 574. Private

BRANT, Arthur. 626. Private, Serjeant

BRANWOOD, Alfred J. 917. Private

BRAVERY, Charles. 519. Private

BRAY, Alexander F. 1829. Private, Northumberland Fusiliers 61175

BRAZIER, Dyckon C. 1384. Private

BREBNER, Norman G. 1681. Corporal

BREBNER, William Mason. 1640. Private, Labour Corps 416793

BRENCHLEY, Mark. 1071. Private

BRENNAN, John. 1069. Serjeant KEH. 3rd Section, 1st Troop 'C' Squadron. Wounded Passchendaele Jul 1917 Transferred to Tank Corps 305381. From New Zealand.

BRENT, Stuart. 558. Private

BRETON, Albert. Private, ex-1st Dragoon Guards, D/17023, Corps of Dragoons

BRETT, Thomas. 1204. Private

BRETT, William. 1156. Private

BREWSTER, John A. 25. Private 2111 on MIC as well

BRICE, C. L. 488. Private.

BRIDGEMAN, Robert J. J. 1335. Private. Discharged 13/04/1919. From New Zealand. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

BRIDGER, David Edgar. 738. Private. Died of meningitis in England 19/04/1915. Educated at St George's College, Quilmes, Argentina. Buried in BIGGLESWADE CEMETERY, UK. Civilian photograph on www.ukphotoarchive.org.uk

BRIDGES, Herbert T. 1207. Private

BRIGGS, Bertram H. 1487. Private. Victory medal for sale on electronic auction site in 2020.

BRINN, John F. T. 256. Serjeant. Discharged 5/04/19.

BRISTED Geoffrey Thornborrow. 329. Lance Corporal. 'C' Squadron. Enlisted KEH 22/08/1913 with University Troop whilst at Cambridge University, promoted to Lance Corporal 20/08/1914 and Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 13/11/1914 10th Regiment Cavalry Reserve which was affiliated with the 4th and 8th Hussars. Transferred to Royal Engineers (RE) on 8/08/1915 and went to Aldershot to attend a 3-week course, probably in field engineering. Upon completion of the course he was posted to the 3rd Field Squadron, RE, a mounted unit of the R.E. assigned to the 3rd Cavalry Division. He entered France 25/11/1915. Mentioned in Despatches 4/01/1917. Promoted to Captain 18/05/1918 and discharged 21/10/1919. Served in Iraq 1920-22. Awarded General Service Medal with IRAQ clasp. Born 16/01/1891 in Wellington, New Zealand the son of Richard Bower and Constance Bristed. Geoffrey was living with his mother and his siblings in Buxton, Derbyshire in 1901 and studied at Clifton College, Bristol 1906-08 where he served with the Engineering Cadet Corps as a Cadet Sapper then worked in South America before entering King's College, Cambridge in 1913. His father also served in WW1 as Major R.B. Bristed, RE. His occupation post war was as a banker in London and he died on 7/11/1969. Geoffrey is commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph. See a full biography of Captain Geoffrey Thornborrow Bristed, Royal Engineers, (formerly Trooper, King Edward's Horse) by Lieutenant Colonel Edward De Santis at http://www.reubique.com/GTBristed.htm with an image of his medals held in that authors collection.

BRISTOL, Samuel S. 1324. Private, Durham Light Infantry 10165

BRISTOW, Wilfred Holditch. 2049. Private 1135 2KEH. Disembarked 1/05/1915. Transferred to Private 2049 KEH. Died of Wounds 30/10/17 aged 33. Son of Henry Barnes Bristow (former British Consul in China) and Kathleen Sara Bristow (nee Holditch) of The Chantry House, Steyning, Sussex. Born in King's Lynn Norfolk, UK and lived in Canada as a farmer pre-war. Buried in DOZINGHEM MILITARY CEMETERY, BELGIUM. Photograph of Casualty letter to family shown and photograph of his gravestone available online.


BRITTON, Thomas S. Private, Private Corps of Dragoons D/18316

BRITTS, M. H. G. 319. Private, Second Lieutenant Supply Transport

BROADHEAD, William Smithson. 705. Private. Entered France 24/05/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Reserve Regiment of Cavalry 14/02/1919 and discharged in 1920. Made sketches during service with KEH as per one shown of KEH drilling. Wounded in France and invalided home. Studied at the Sheffield School of Art and the Royal College of Art. Became a famous horse painter after working as an illustrator for 'Cosmopolitan' and other magazines in the USA and Canada. Born 24/11/1888 in Barrow-In-Furness, England and died 17/06/1960 in Winchester, Frederick, Virginia, USA.

BROCKWELL, Francis J. 1661. Private, Corps of Hussars 56040

BROMFIELD, Sydney Lewis (Sid). 62. Private in pre-war KEH.  Serjeant entered France 22/04/1915 and commissioned 26/06/17 Acting Captain Lincolnshire Regiment. Lived/born in New Zealand then lived with parents at 636 Fishponds Road, Fishponds, Bristol.  Attended annual camp 1913. Went to France 22/04/15. Captain in the Middlesex Regiment Home Guard in WW2. He was living at Iver Heath in 1946.  Serjeant Bromfield (far right) sent this postcard of his section to his mother to 636 Fishponds Road, Fishponds, Bristol after having 'a very good time' attending annual camp in Bulford in July 1913. He is wearing 'B' Squadron (British American) collar badges of the King's Colonials. He is also shown with his section in Figures 146 and 149 attending signal training. Commemorated on the Auckland Online Cenotaph.

BROOKER, Harry Hill. 1162. Private. Entered France Jun 1916. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Fusiliers 26/06/1917. Later Lieutenant. From Wilkawatt, South Australia.

BROOKMAN, Charles J. 498. Staff Quarter Master Serjeant. Served pre-war KEH. Entered France 22/04/1915. Was with 'B' Squadron up until 1916 and then 'A' Squadron and then back to 'B' Squadron in 1918. Discharged 7/03/1919. Mentioned in Despatches as Serjeant. Born in Australia and lived in England post-war.

BROOM, William. 1061. Private ex-King's Royal Rifle Corps R/34551, Private Royal Engineers 311025

BROOMAN, Ernest P. 1343. Private, Private Lancashire Fusiliers 45448

BROSTER, Harold Broughton. 363. Private. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant King's Royal Rifle Corp 27/03/1917. Acting Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery.

BROWN, Albert T. 1435. Private, Private Labour Corp 421716

BROWN, Charles B. (Cecil). 1718. Private KEH, Private Tank Corps 112224. Lived in South America and died in 1953.

BROWN, George G. 964. Private

BROWN, George William Farrer. 1080. Private, Private Northumberland Fusiliers 63245, Serjeant Royal East Kent Regiment 1080

BROWN, John. 1426. Private. DOW 23/04/20 aged 42. Son of Margaret and the late Henry Brown of Cresswll House, Station Road, Cullercoats, Northumberland. Buried in WHITLEY BAY (ST. PAUL) CHURCHYARD, UK.

BROWN, Orlando Moray. 682. Private, Second Lieutenant, Temporary Captain, Acting Major, Major Royal Engineers

BROWN, Peter H. 1227. Private, Private Tank Corps 112018

BROWN, Thomas Christie. 1482. Private, Private Liverpool Regiment 85718

BROWNE, Austin Elmitt. 1386. Private, Second Lieutenant West Riding Regiment

BROWNE, William E. 904. Private. Awarded the French Croix de Guerre as a Serjeant KEH.

BROWNELL, Charles William. 1344. Private, Acting Serjeant, Second Lieutenant, Lieutenant. A South African who served with the 5th South African Mounted Rifles / Imperial Light Horse in 1915. Previously 5517 Private, South Lancashire Regiment (entitled to 5 Clasp QSA - OFS, T’Vaal, Tug Hts, RofL & L’Nek + KSA, clasps 1901 & 1902). Landed in France 24/04/1916 with KEH. Commissioned as Second Lieutenant 22/02/1918 and named in a KEH photograph taken at Marlborough Barracks, Dublin 1918 as a Second Lieutenant see Figure 33. Applied for his medals in 1921 with an address in Swaziland, South Africa. WW1 medal trio correctly named to him as follows: 1914-15 Star (SJT C.W. BROWNELL 5TH M.R); British War and Victory Medals (1344 A.SJT. C.W. BROWNELL. K.EDW.H.). Photograph of WW1 trio and service details courtesy of Owen Dobson. 

BROWNING, Harry G. 2107. Private former 1st Royal Dragoon D/3709. Died in service 27/01/19. Gravestone located in GRANGEGORMAN MILITARY CEMETERY, IRELAND.

BROWNLESS, Alfred R. 1251. Private.

BROXUP, John H. 906. Private.

BRUCE, Hugh M. 1714. Private.

BRYANT, Ernest William C. 1290. Acting Serjeant. Enlisted 1/11/1915 and discharged 9/02/1917 as medically unfit. Awarded Silver War Badge 22964. Prior service in the 16th Lancers for 12 years. Born in 1875 in Harlesden, London.

BUCHANAN, George Frederick. 1242. Corporal, KIA 13/03/18 aged 42 as a Private. Son of George and Caroline Buchanan. Buried in the ST. GERMAIN-AU-MONT-D'OR COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, FRANCE.

BUCKLAND, Godfrey John. 583. Private. Born in Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia on the 30/01/1893 and enlisted on 26/08/1914 in England. He was killed in action by a German rifle grenade on 7/08/1915 after seeing action at Ploegsteert Wood in July 1915. Buried in the RIFLE HOUSE CEMETERY, BELGIUM. Portrait photograph circa 1914 wearing a King Edward's Horse headdress badge and Australian Squadron collar badges (courtesy of Peter Nemaric). 

BUCKLEY, Herbert Morris. 473. Private. Enlisted 8/08/1914 and discharged 6/09/1918. Awarded Silver War Badge 129565. Address for medals is stated as the 'Bull Dog' Soldiers Club and lived in Chiswick, London, England.

BUCKLEY, M. Francis Sapper, Major Royal Field Artillery

BUCKNELL, William Wentworth. Private. Enlisted when at Cambridge University. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery Jan 1915. Promoted to Lieutenant. KIA 10/08/1917 'A' Battery 103rd Brigade from shellfire. Mentioned in Despatches. Born in Lewisham, Sydney, Australia in 1891. The son of Mr and Mrs William Wentworth Bucknell, Quambone Station, Coonamble, New South Wales. Portrait photograph of him pre-war. 

BULL, George. 1603. Private. Discharged 9/05/1919. Served in same Troop as Lieutenant Francis 529. Australian. Married in 1936. Friend of Private Reginald (Bill) Wilson 456 and corresponded in 1957 whilst living on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria. Entitled to British War Medal and Victory Medal.

BULTEAU, Victor H. 1879. Private, Private Northumberland Fusiliers 39988

BURBIDGE, Arthur Henry. 40. Private, Private Lancashire Fusiliers 40543, Second Lieutenant Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry

BURDETT, John Burdett. 80. Corporal, Lieutenant Royal Fusiliers

BURGE, Frank. 707. Private, Corporal

BURGESS, Charles F. 1002. Private 'A' Squadron KEH from the UK. Severely wounded in several places 24/06/1915 when defending trench from German attack.

BURGESS, John. 1616. Private

BURKE, William J. 742. Private, Northumberland Fusiliers 61170

BURNETT, Sidney C. 1212. Private

BURNIE, Charles. 848. Private. Part of Shanghai Contingent on board the SS Suwa Maru 16/10/1914 and was serving with the Shanghai Municipal Police since 1908. Discharged 6/04/1919. Awarded British War Medal and Victory Medal.

BURNSIDE, Joseph Augustus. 667. Private KEH, Corporal Royal Engineers 57422. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant then Acting Captain 1/4th Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. Entered 9/11/1915.

BURTON, Charles William Gordon. 1395. Private, Second Lieutenant Royal Fusiliers

BURTON, Richard N. R. 1445. Private, Acting Warrant Officer Class 2 Royal Engineers 213817, WR/354913

BUSH, Robert W. 1817. Corporal, Corporal Royal Defence Corps 71971

BUTLER, Geoffrey Travers. Private. Entered France 8/05/1915. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant 48th Field Artillery Battery, Royal Field Artillery. Later Captain. Served in Volunteer Defence Corps WW2 as a Captain in 2nd Tasmanian Battalion. Born in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia on 15/03/1890 the son of Charles William Butler and Beatrice (nee Travers). He married firstly Constance Lee and secondly Beatrice Gore Jones (nee Jones). He had one daughter Janet to his first marriage. When he returned to Tasmania he became a farmer at several places including Bagdad and Rowella. Claimed his 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal from an address in Sandy, Bay, Hobart, Tasmania. He died 6/03/1962. Extensive series of his letters in the Tasmanian Library Archives.

BUTLER, Adrian Illingworth. 936. Corporal KEH. Active as a sniper at La Bourse 18/03/1916. Royal Engineers 198254. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant, Royal Field Artillery 6/03/1917.

BUTLER, Robert W. 1367. Private.

BUTLER, William Mahoney. Major KEH. Photographic negative available of KEH portrait 30/12/1916. Later Lieutenant Colonel 9th Tank Battalion. Served with Imperial Yeomanry 1900-02 in Second Boer War and awarded Queen's South Africa medal with three clasps Cape Colony, Orange River Colony and Transvaal. King's South Africa medal with two clasps. Awarded Distinguished Service Order 18/12/1918.

BUTTERFIELD, Ernest 699. Private, Private Royal Engineers 311020

BUTTERWORTH, Christian name possibly C. from name on manufacturers label in bandsman's tunic, 1913.

BUXTON, Gordon Ottford. 500. Private. Born in England and served in 'C' Squadron during WW1. Photograph shown on kingedwardshorse.net Lieutenant in 1915 see Figure 19.

BUXTON, Hugh Forster. Second Lieutenant KEH on probation 1/09/1914. Transferred to 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade and deployed to France 8/12/1915. Transferred to the 5th Battalion and promoted to Lieutenant 30/03/1916. DoW 3/11/1916 at 34 Casualty Clearing Station at the Battle of the Somme. Buried in Grove Town Cemetery, Meaulte, France. Born 6/04/1882 at St George Hanover Square, London, England.

BYNOE, John Eayre Kellman. 1. Staff Quarter Master Serjeant (SQMS). 'B' Squadron. Born in Barbados in 1867 and died on 19/05/1935 in Depford, London. Awarded 1911 Coronation Medal and Territorial Forces Efficiency Medal 1/04/1912. He did not serve with the KEH in France during the Great War. He was a member of the King's Colonial Masonic Lodge from 1924 until his death in 1935 and his family have his regalia. He worked as a school master until 1918 when he began to work as a dentist, unqualified, from his home in Loampit Hill, Lewisham, London. He was buried in Greenwich Cemetery. There were two Bynoe brothers who served with the King's Colonials from 1902. The junior of which had a son who served in France 1915-19 presumably Private Ronald L. Bynoe. The accompanying photograph courtesy of a family relative Michael Chalk, is of J.E.K. Bynoe's wedding to Annie Kathleen Gore which took place at Lewisham High Road Congregational Church on 5/04/1913. Note the members of the KEH who formed a guard of honour for the occasion including Regimental Serjeant Major Daniel Fegan, 274 on the right with his medal group. SQMS Bynoe is also shown in Figure 209.

BYNOE, Ronald L. 532. Private. 1914-15 Star, British War Medal and Victory medal held by NAM.

BYSOUTH, Sydney. Private, 653rd Company Labour Corps 416807.